Chuyên đề Part 4 – e reading & gaps fill cho các khối (2011)

. Language is not necessarily the private property of those who use it, just as French is not the private property of French people, nor English of English people. English is spoken as a first language in the United States, in Australia, in New Zealand, in most of Canada, in certain nations of Africa, and in other areas of the world. It is unreasonable to regard any language as the possession of a particular nation, and with no language is it more unreasonable than with English. This is not to say that English is used by a greater number of speakers than any other languages, for it is easily outnumbered in this respect by Chinese. But it is the most international of languages. A Dane and a Dutch person meeting in Rome will almost automatically find themselves speaking to each other in English. The pilot of a Russian plane approaching Cairo will use English to ask for landing instructions. Malaysian lecturers us English when addressing their Malaysian students in Kuala Lumpur. To people in Africa, Asia, and South America, English is an important foreign language to master, not merely because it is the language of Britain or the United States, but because it provides ready access to world scholarship and world trade. It is understood more widely than any other languages.

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pital of North America. Not only nearly every street corner you can buy “ poutine” , a delicious dish of French fries served with hot cheese and brown gravy. All in all Montreal has much to offer. It is one of the most interesting cities in North America. 1. What can we say about Montreal? a. Its population is two thirds of 2.8 million b. Its population can speak French only. c. it has 2.8 million people d. It is the largest French – speaking city in the world 2. What are the buildings in Montreal like ? a. they are old –ancient stone buildings b. they are new –ancient stone buildings c. They are modern , glass and steel buildings d. all A, B, C and D 3. How long does the winter last? a. over four months b. less than four months c. half a year d. a quarter 4. Why is “ La Ville Souterrain” called an underground city? a. Winter temperatures are very low . b. Montreal inhabitants don’t want to suffer the cold c. People can do everything in this place d. this is one of Montreal’s most amazing sights 5. What mainly attracts visitors from all over the world ? a. “ La Ville Souterrain” – an amazing underground city b. The great number of restaurants – over 5.000 c. The availability of “ poutine” , a delicious French dish d. Montreal’s many film and jazz festivals. C. Ever since humans inhabited the earth , they have made use of various forms of communication. Generally, this expression of thoughts and feelings has been in the form of .....(1) . When there is a language barrier , communication is accomplished through sign language in which motions stand ......(2) letters , words , ideas . Tourists, the deaf , and the mute have had to resort to this form of expression. Body language transmits ideas or thoughts by ........(3) actions . A wink can be a way of indicating that the party is only joking. A nod signified approval, ....(4) shaking the head indicates a negative reaction. Other forms of nonlinguistic language can be found in Braille, signal flags, Morse code , and smoke signals . Road maps and picture signs also guide , warn, and .....(5) people . While verbalization is the most common form of language , other systems and techniques also express human thoughts and feelings . 1. a. spoken b. speak c. speaking d. speech 2. a. for b. with c. to d. within 3. a. certain b/ the certain c. certainly d. the certainly 4. a. as b. while c. when d. for which 5. a. instruct b. tell c. say d. access D. How can scientists predict earthquakes? Earthquakes are not scattered anywhere but happen in certain areas. They happen in places where pieces of the earth’s surface meet. This pattern cause them to shake the same places many times . For example, earthquakes often occur on the west-coast of North and South America, around the Mediterranean Sea , and along the Pacific coast of Asia . Another way to predict earthquakes is to look for changes in the earth’s surface , like a sudden drop of water level in the ground . Some people say animals can predict earthquakes . Before earthquakes people have seen chickens sitting in trees, fish jumping out of the water , snakes leaving their holes and other animals acting strangely. After an earthquake happens , people can die from lack of food, water , and medical supplies. The amount of destruction caused by an earthquake depends on where it happens , what time it happens, and how strong it is . It also depends on types of building , soil conditions and population . Of the 6000 earthquakes in the earth each year , only about fifteen cause great damage and many deaths. 1. Earthquake happen in certain areas where..................... a. The population is large b. pieces of the earth’s surface meet c. the soil conditions are stable d. many buildings are built 2. Earthquakes often happen along .................. a. the east-coast of North America b. the east-coast of South America c. the Pacific coast of Asia d. The coast of Australia 3. Looking for ..................can help predict earthquakes . a. changes in the earth’s surface b. water beneath the earth’s surface c. drops of water d. water currents 4. After an earthquake, as a result of ................people can die . a. lack of food b. lack of friendship c. lack of information d. lack of knowledge 5. The passage mainly discusses.................... a. the damage caused by earthquakes b. how strong earthquakes are c. strange animal behaviors d. how to predict earthquakes E. It is very important to have healthy teeth. Good teeth help us to chew our food. They also help us to look nice. How does a tooth go bad? The decay begins in a little crack in the enamel covering the tooth. This happens after germs and bits of food have collected there. Then the decay slowly spreads inside the tooth. Eventually, poison goes into the blood and we may feel quite ill. How can we keep our teeth healthy? Firstly, we ought to visit our dentist twice a year. He can fill the small holes in our teeth before they destroy our teeth. He cam examine our teeth to check that they are growing in the right way. Unfortunately, many people wait until they have toothache before they see a dentist. Secondly we should brush our teeth with toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day – once after breakfast and once before we go to bed. We can also use wooden toothpicks to clean between our teeth after a meal. Thirdly, we should eat food that is good for our teeth and our body: milk, cheese, fish, brown bread, potatoes, red rice, raw vegetables and fresh fruits. Chocolate, sweet, biscuits, and cakes are bad, especially when we eat them between meals. They are harmful because they stick to our teeth and cause decay. 1. Good teeth mainly help us to ............. a. look nice b. have good eyesight c. look important d. chew our food 2. When food and germs collect in a small crack, our teeth .......... a. send poison into the blood b. begin to decay c. make us feel quite ill d. become hard 3. A lot of people do not visit a dentist until ......... a. they have toothache b. they have holes in their teeth c. they have brushed their teeth d. their teeth grow properly 4. What may be most harmful to our teeth? a. raw vegetables b. fresh fruits c. sweet things d. red rice 5. The best title for the passage would be ............ a. How to keep our teeth healthy b. How to make our teeth nicer c. How to clean our teeth d. How to keep our teeth ever white 3) A. The world’s first film was shown in 1895 by two French brothers. Although it only (1) ______ of short, simple scenes, people loved it, and films have been popular ever since. The first films were silent, with titles on the screen to explain the story. Soon the public had (2) ____ favourite actors and actresses and, in this way, the first film stars appeared. In 1927, the first “talkie”, a film with sound, was shown and from then on, the public would only accept this kind of film. Further improvements continued, particularly in America, (3) _____ most of the world’s films were produced. With the arrival of television in the 1950s, (4) ____ people went to see films, but in recent years cinema audiences have grown again. More countries have started to produce films that influence film making and there are currently (5) ______ national film industries. 1. A. considered B. consisted C. held D. belonged 2. A. your B. their C. his D. our 3. A. who B. which C. where D. when 4. A. other B. each C. any D. fewer 5. A. much B. lots C. plenty D. many B. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. history b. film c. file d. various 2. a. awareness b. nation c. date d. face 3. a. pulse b. popular c. shut d. runner 4. a. cooked b. stopped c. finished d. visited 5. a. contribute b. use c. bull d. due 6. a. industry b. documentary c. suspend d. succeed 7. a. bird b. blind c. kind d. bind 8. a. whatever b. whoever c. wherever d. whenever 9. a. lost b. popular c. role d. pop 10. a. tips b. lifts c. trucks d. films 11. a. tide b. tiny c. time d. till 12. a. helps b. laughs c. cooks d. finds 13. a. school b. chemist c. merchant d. ache 14. a. advertise b. age c. standard d. natural 15. a. cheap b. dead c. head d. bread 16. a. weight b. eight c. height d. eighth 17. a. exercise b. decide c. mile d. practice 18. a. jog b. move c. pot d. modern 19. a. account b. pause c. cause d. clause 20. a. jogged b. cooked c. gained d. smiled 21. a. learn b. nearly c. ear d. clear 22. a. willing b. diameter c. tradition d. addition 23. a. take b. radius c. spark d. cake 24. a. subtract b. traffic c. specific d. cinema 25. a. added b. subtracted c. omitted d. stopped 26. a. calculus b. unit c. use d. computer 27. a. printed b. decided c. completed d. played 28. a. case b. rate c. average d. page 29. a. computers b. instructions c. letters d. scientists 30. a. happy b. multiply c. pretty d. daily 31. a. chemistry b. school c. chair d. ache 32. a. ethical b. think c. both d. clothing 33. a. how b. allow c. now d. know 34. a. understands b. makes c. works d. sleeps 35. a. pharmacy b. apply c. pretty d. quickly 36. a. around b. about c. cough d. bound 37. a. behind b. lie c. blind d. skirt 38. a. mother b. thousand c. they d. their 39. a. movement b. role c. so d. over 40. a. heart b. hear c. clear d. near 41. a. smiled b. lived c. belonged d. worked 42. a. major b. magazine c. machine d. malaria 43. a. cause b. pause c. clause d. laugh 44. a. who b. lose c. only d. loose 45. a. feather b. feature c. heat d. each 46. a. went b. west c. work d. newspaper 47. a. pilot b. sign c. river d. driver 48. a. published b. signed c. worked d. watched 49 a. some b. wonder c. coming d. two 50. a. minute b. purity c. studio d. pursue C. Approximately 350 million people speak English (1) _____ their first language. About the same (2) _____ use it as a second language. It is the language of aviation, international sport and pop music. 75% of the word's mail is (3) _____ English, 60% of the word's radio stations broadcast in English and more than half of the word's periodicals are printed in English. It is an (4) _____ language in 44 countries. In many others it is the language of business, commerce and technology. There are many varieties of English, but Scottish, Texan, Australian, Indian and Jamaican speakers of English, (5) _____ of the differences in pronunciation, structure and vocabulary, would recognize (6) _____ they are all speaking the same basic language. 1. a. with b. in c. as d. about 2. a.thing b. number c. person d. language 3. a. in b. from c. by d. of 4. a. unnecessary b. unofficial c. official d. ineffective 5. a. in spite b. instead c. despite d. because 6. a. if b. that c. so that d. since D. English is the language of the people of England. England is in the south of the island of Great Britain.In the north of this island lies Scotland. To the west of England is Wales. The island of Ireland lies to the west of Great Britain. More than a thousand years ago, the people who lived in these four countries were different, and they spoke different languages. Great Britain is not a large country. It is much smaller than France or Norway and smaller than Finland. England is the largest part of Britain and it has always been the strongest. Today the official name of Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. English is the official language in all parts of the country. In the United States of America, English is called the national language, the language of the American nation. Four hundred years ago, some English people sailed to North America to live there, and they brought the English language to this new country. After them came people from all the countries of Europe. And they all learned English, but they made it a little different from British English. In the USA now people speak American English. Very many words are the same in American and in British English, but the American people do not speak the English language in the same way as people do in England. 1. Great Britain consists of three countries. What are they? a. England, Ireland and Wales b. England, Scotland and Wales c. England, Scotland and Ireland d. Ireland, Scotland and Wales 2. Great Britain is _____. a. as large as Finland b. much bigger than France c. to the east of Ireland d. to south of France 3. How did some English people come to America four centuries ago? c. by boat b. by plane c. by truck d. on foot 4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE? a. People in the USA speak English as their second language b. Many words are the same in American and in British English c. Americans speak the English language differently from the English people d. In the United States of America, English is called the national language E. Language is not necessarily the private property of those who use it, just as French is not the private property of French people, nor English of English people. English is spoken as a first language in the United States, in Australia, in New Zealand, in most of Canada, in certain nations of Africa, and in other areas of the world. It is unreasonable to regard any language as the possession of a particular nation, and with no language is it more unreasonable than with English. This is not to say that English is used by a greater number of speakers than any other languages, for it is easily outnumbered in this respect by Chinese. But it is the most international of languages. A Dane and a Dutch person meeting in Rome will almost automatically find themselves speaking to each other in English. The pilot of a Russian plane approaching Cairo will use English to ask for landing instructions. Malaysian lecturers us English when addressing their Malaysian students in Kuala Lumpur. To people in Africa, Asia, and South America, English is an important foreign language to master, not merely because it is the language of Britain or the United States, but because it provides ready access to world scholarship and world trade. It is understood more widely than any other languages. 1.Where isn’t English spoken as a first language? a. the United States b. Australia and New Zealand c. Britain d. France 2. Which language is used by by a greater number of speakers than any other languages? a. English b. Chinese c. French d. American 3. Which is the most international of languages? a. English b. Chinese c. French d. Japanese 4. Which of the following IS NOT TRUE? a. English is the private property of those who use it. b. English is understood more widely than any other languages c. English provides ready access to world scholarship and world trade d. English is an important foreign language to master 4) A. Last year, I (1) _______ mountain climbing for the first time.It was exciting and terrifying (2) _______ the same time.We moved slowly and carefully,and it (3) _______ three days to get to the top.When we climbed onto the summit, we found (4) _______ group of climbers.They had arrived several hours (5) _______ us.They were having dinner and (6) _______ to Beethoven.We laughed and they invited us to (7) _______ them.The climb was, to say the least, an unforgettable (8) _______ . 1.a.took b.went c.got d.had 2.a. in b.for c.at d.during 3.a. began b.was c.cost d.took 4.a. other b.another c.any d.some 5.a. ahead of b. from c.behind d.among 6.a. hearing b. looking c. listening d. seeing 7.a. jog b. practise c. examine d. join 8.a. experiment b. experience c.expectation d. expression B. The Americans (1) _____ to be informal while they’re receiving (2) _____ or coming for a social engagement. On the whole, women don’t usually shake hands as they are introduced to (3) _____; but men do. When a man and a woman are introduced, shaking hands is up to the woman. And punctuality, (4) _____ means arriving on time, is probably one of the most necessary and graceful manners in public relations. Most people (5) _____ it discourteous and inconvenient to arrive at an important appointment later (6) _____ the time agreed upon. 1.a. avoid b. tend c. practise d. enjoy 2.a. company b. guest c. friend d. partner 3.a. together b. each another c. each other d. one other 4.a. that b. it c. when d. which 5.a. find b. see c. get d. have 6.a. than b. as soon as c. when d. at C. Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems (1) ____ mankind today. Air, water and soil are (2) ____ to the survival of all living things. Man operates machines and motor vehicles (3) ____ fill the air with disturbing noise. They also dirty the air with gases and smoke. Badly polluted air can (4) ____ illness and even death. Man ruins natural beauty by scattering junk and litter on the land and in the water. They poison the water with chemicals and (5) ____ substances. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. They (6) ____ the soil with too many fertilizers and pesticides. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of land that is available (7) ____ growing food. Environmental pollution also brings ugliness to man’s naturally beautiful world. It’s time people and governments (8) ____ the world did something about the pollution problem. People should stop using many things that (9) ____ to the environment. Governments would have to pass and enforce laws that require individuals and businesses to stop or (10) ____ down on certain polluting activities. 1.a.taking b.facing c.killing d.offering 2.a.able b.impossible c.useless d.necessary 3.a.that b.to c.so as to d.can 4.a.make b.affect c.cause d.treat 5.a.much b.a great deal of c.a lot d.other 6.a.damage b. enlarge c.rich d.make 7.a.by b.with c.for d.about 8.a.over b.all over c.through d.out 9.a.kind b.helpful c.harmful d.healthful 10.a.put b.sit c.turn d.cut D. Furthermore, the laser beam can also remove bone, and so it is invaluable in ear surgery. The sounds we hear are carried from the eardrum to the nerves of the ear by a delicate set of small bones which sometimes solidify, causing deafness. A laser vaporises the bone without touching any of the surrounding tissue. Birthmarks, once almost untreatable, are a mass of blood vessels and, being red, they absorb the laser beam strongly. It seals them so that the mark becomes less conspicuous. The normal cells on the skin’s surface, which don’t absorb much of the laser beam, act in the healing and help to conceal the mark. 1.In the first paragraph, the laser is used to treat ______. a. bone b. birthmarks c.eardrum d. deafness 2.How is the laser used in ear surgery ?. a.to vaporise the bone b.to touch the surrounding tissues c. to solidify the bone d.to carry sounds from the eardrum to the nerves 3. What is the advantage of using the laser in ear surgery? a. it can carry sounds to the nerves b. it doesn’t touch the surrounding tissues c. it causes deafness d. it solidifies the bone 4. The word “invaluable”in line 1 is nearest in meaning to _____. a. with no values b. penniless c. very valuable d. very cheap 5. Birthmarks absorb the laser beam strongly because_____. a. they are almost untreatable b. they are conspicuous c. they are red d. they can be treated 6. How is the laser used in birhmark treatment? a. to seal blood vessels b. to absorb the laser beam c. to harm normal cells d. to become conspicuous E. This is a story that Charlie Chaplin liked to tell about himself. It happened after the great actor had become internationally famous. A theatre announced that a competition would be held to see who could act like Charlie Chaplin. Those taking part in it had to dress like Chaplin, walk like Chaplin and act one of the roles in a Chaplin film. When Charlie Chaplin heard about the competition, he decided to take part in the competition himself. Naturally, he kept his plan a secret from everybody. When the results of the competition were announced, Charlie said: “ I didn’t know whether to feel angry or only surprised. I didn’t win the first prize. But after thinking about it, I decided that it would be best to laugh. 1. When did the story happen? a. when Charlie Chaplin liked to tell it b. after Charlie Chaplin had become well-known c. before a competition was held d. before Charlie Chaplin became famous 2. Those who took part in a competition had to do the following things except______. a. dress like Charlie Chaplin b. walk like Charlie Chaplin c. look like Charlie Chaplin d. act one of the roles in a Chaplin film 3. What did Chaplin do when he took part in the competition? a. he didn’t let anybody know it b. he told everybody about it c. he made his plan known to everyone d. he announced his secret 4. What happened in the end? a. Chaplin felt self-confident b. Chaplin won the first prize c. Chaplin failed in the competition d. Chaplin felt satisfied with the result 5. The word “competition” is nearest in meaning to ______. a. examination b. contest c. test d. check-up 5) A. Jack London’s life and writings are thought by many to represent the American love for adventure. He was born in San Francisco, California, and quit school at fourteen to become a sailor. He travelled a great deal during his short lifetime, in the United States, Europe and the Far East. When gold was discovered in Alaska in 1897, Jack London, answering the call of adventure, took part in the famous “gold rush”. His experiences in the wild northern country provided him with material for many of his later stories and novels, including To Build a Fire. Among his best-known novels are The Call of the Wild and The Sea-Wolf. 1. What nationality was Jack London? a. English b. American c. European d. Asian 2. Why did he leave school? a. He wanted to work on a ship b. He wanted to discover gold c. He wanted to show his love for adventure d. He wanted to travel a lot 3. Why did he take part in the famous “gold rush” ? a. because he liked gold b. because he wanted to get rich c. because he loved adventure d. because he lived near Alaska 4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about him? a. He was an adventurous man b. He left school at an early age c. He wrote The Sea-wolf d. He lived a long life B. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others: 1. a. possessed b. regarded c. instructed d. provided 2. a. involved b. offered c. outnumbered d. helped 3. a. smooth b. door c. tooth d. foot 4. a. status b. transition c. sack d. satisfy 5. a. merely b. access c. address d. respect 6. a. regard b. master c. trade d. particular 7. a. property b. scholarship c. belong d. provide 8. a. approach b. address c. landing d. allow 9. a. languages b. types c. addresses d. approaches *** Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others: 10. a. instruction b. possession c. property d. necessary 11. a. access b. approach c. lecture d. offer 12. a. contamination b. pronunciation c. communication d. automatically 13. a. guidance b. desire c. expect d. attract 14. a. disappointment b. satisfaction c. expectation d. tolerable 15. a. property b. instruction c. scholarship d. lecturer 16. a. respect b. necessary c. involved d. language 17. a. automatic b. reasonable c. mathematics d. preservation 18. a. satisfy b. prospect c. sanguine d. expect 19. a. transition b. tendency c. tolerance d. obstacle 20. a. supervisor b. expectation c. disappointment d. uncertainty C. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others: 1. a. tear b.volunteer c. tomorrow d. adventure 2. a.item b.idiom c.ideal d.idea 3. a.helpful b.useful c.ulcer d.thankful 4. a. ago b.machine c.station d.material 5. a.occur b. oblige c.occasion d.oxygen 6. a.capital b.indicate c.nice d.complicated 7. a.dead b.bean c.meat d.seat 8. a.wool b.wood c.blood d.foot 9. a.chorus b.Christian c.cholesterol d.check 10.a.cost b.most c.post d.cold Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others: 11. a.competition b.exhibition c.supernatural d.attempted 12. a.charming b.discovery c.trustworthy d.media 13. a.activity b.allergic c.reassure d.employee 14. a.dangerous b.assingment c.completion d.collaborate 15. a.conventional b.pronounce c.mountain d.acceptable 16. a.conspicuous b.marvellous c.accurate d.beautiful 17. a.languages b.demanding c.develop d.tradition 18. a.prepare b.pleasant c.symbol d.foreign 19. a.accompany b.participant c.misunderstand d.surprisingly 20. a.radio b.volunteer c.hospital d.influence D. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others: 1.

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