English 12 Warmer & tape listening

So Andrea , you’re going home for the holiday ?

I sure am. I’ve booked a flight for tomorrow afternoon & I can’t wait .

That sounds great .

What about you? Going home too ?

I haven’t decided yet. I’m still considering .

Haven’t decided yet ? Oh, you are never going to get a flight out of here. All the seats have been

reserved by now I’m sure .It’s the holiday season , after all.

Well, it’s not very important to me. My family lives about 180 kms from here. I usually take the

train or the coach .

You don’t sound excited about it .

Well, we are not really a very close- knit family. I have three brothers & they’re spread out all

over the place . We rarely get together as a family any more .

Well , I try to get home as soon as possible . We’re a big family- there are six of us- children- so

it’s always a lot of fun.

Six kids ?

Yes . And we’re all really close . My brothers are married, so it makes for a very crowded home

over the holiday. And there are too many people to cook for, so we end up going out to dinner a

lot. That’s also fun.

Well, at my home , my mother loves to cook, so when we get home she often cooks big meals. We

have leftovers for days

 

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ditional society to a modern society. Before the 19th century, families usually arranged marriages for their children. Young people didn’t decide who they wanted to marry. After they got married , they usually had a lot of children. In the 19th century, most young people could not choose the person they wanted to marry. A marriage joined tow people & not two families. Two people could get married because they loved each other. , not just their families wanted them to marry. At the same time, parents began to realize that they had to take very good care of their children. Before this, most people didn’t go to school. The family members all worked together at home. Later, people realize that education was necessary for a good life. Today many parents think that they should have fewer children so they could give each one a good life. It is important for a mother & a father to spend as much time as possible with their children . Parents should take care of health & try to give the, education. Home is a safe, warm place for all the family members. UNIT 4 : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : Jenny : Gavin : ------------- UNIT 5 John David John David John David John David John David John David Look , these are questions about how you got on at school. Shall we just through them ? Yes, let’s . OK , so did you always work very hard ? Well , I certainly worked pretty hard at the subjects I enjoyed, yes, I did. What about you ? Yes, I did actually, I think I worked very hard, yeah. Now, let’s come to next question. Did, yeah, did you always listen carefully to your teachers ? No , I don’t think I did. No, I think I was quiet disruptive(fá vỡ, gãy), actually . What about you? Well I think I did listen to the teachers carefully when I got to the level where I was doing the subjects that I enjoyed . Yeah, ok , the next question is, did you always behave well ? I don’t think I always behave well. I was, a bit, er, a bit of a tearaway(n hùng hổ, vô trách nhiệm) Umm. Well, I think I was pretty on the whole, so I’d say yes, yeah. Good for you! Did you pass your exams easily? No, I can’t say I did, no, I , I found them quite a struggle, actually. What about you? I didn’t pass them easily , because I worked hard but I also found it difficult to answer all that long question in a short time. Yeah, yeah, exactly . What about this one, then ? Did you always write slowly & carefully ? Quite slowly. Essays took a long time to write & I suppose I took a bit of care, yes. Yes, I agree, I was also, I was very careful & erm , yeah, yeah I was quite methodical And did you think your school days were the best days of your life ? Um, no, no I can’t say they were. What about you ? No, I went away to boarding school when I was quite young & I didn’t like that . No, I think , they weren’t the best days of my life . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Now David, can I get this right ? You’re just completed a MSc course on H which a large proportion of the students were international students? Is that right ? That’s it. Yes, I was in AERD – that’s the department of Agricultural Extension & Rural Development . And how do you think the students from other countries got on that course ? Pretty well. What advice would you give students , particularly international students, based on your experience as a student here ? I think the most basic thing is to make use, full use, of the tutors & lecturers . Maybe some of the overseas students are a bit too shy to take questions or problems to tutors. What do you think they should do ? I think they should find out at the beginning of the course the times at which the tutor is going to be available for tutorial appointments , & then make full use of them. So, any problems , they should tell the tutor as soon as possible? Let’s move on, What about the amount of reading that you have to do as a university student ? Yes! It looks pretty daunting (làm nản chí)at first, with those long reading lists. Don’t think that the students have to read everything that’s listed. Try to find out which are the most important items on the list- ask the lecturer or tutor if necessary, & then, if your time is limited, spend it reading those books thoroughly . OK, that’s very helpful, David. Thank you very much. No, not at all. UNIT 6 : ...So, it’s not easy for a high school student to find a job in the United states . ... Next let’s look at some of the recent changes in the U. S job market & see if we can make some predictions for future jobs . A good way to begin is to look at the American work force & how it is changing . The most important change has been the shift from manufacturing jobs to service jobs. Manufacturing jobs in which people make something or produce things . For example, people produce cars. Service jobs are those in which provide service, or we may say, they do something , like washing people’s cars. Generally , service jobs are grouped into five categories. One : Transportation companies Two : Wholesale companies Three : Retail companies Four : Finance companies Five : Personal service, such as hotels , car repairs , accounting , education & medicine . Now the point there is that people have changed from manufacturing jobs to service jobs. For example, one hundred years ago, 80% of workers produce goods , today only 30 % do. Economists predict that by the year 2020, nine out of every ten workers will supply service . UNIT 7 : The inhabitants of Tango , a small island in the Atlantic Ocean, discovered a plant which contained a powerful drug. They grew the plant all over the island & they took the drug every day. This made it more difficult for them to think rationally (1 cách hợp lý)- it stopped them worrying about the future & enabled them to relax & enjoyed themselves . & because of the drug, the whole population of the island stopped working & spent all their time singing & looking at the sea. Unfortunately this had very bad effects on the country’s economy. The workers & farmers became lazy, the children didn’t want to go to school & the whole population began to run short of food. This, however, didn’t discourage people from taking the drug. The Prime Minister made speeches on the TV warning them about the drug , but nobody took any notice , & before long the economy of the country was in ruins. This forced the Government to take measures . They introduced a law to make the drug illegal. But that only made the situation worse. The law couldn’t prevent people from taking the drug. On the contrary , the fact that the drug was illegal encouraged people to take more. They put the drug- takers into prison. But this did not have any effect, there were not enough prisons for them . Eventually , the government found a solution : they exported the drug to other countries .This saved the islanders from having to work more than one day a week, & allowed them to spend the rest of their time sitting in the sun without any care in the world. UNIT 8 : Dr. Davis , a Dutch biologist is being introduced about people’s life expectancy in the future . Interviewer : Dr. Davis : Interviewer : Dr. Davis : Interviewer : Dr. Davis : Interviewer : Dr. Davis : Interviewer : Dr. Davis : Interviewer : Dr. Davis : Interviewer : Dr. Davis : Many scientists predict that in the 21st century people will be living into the incredible age of 130 . What do you think about this ? Well, I quite agree with them. They have reasons to be confident about that . What are the reasons ? In fact their prediction is based on research & on the fact that the centenarian (sống 100 tuổi) Population is mushrooming as our general health improves. Can you explain this further ? A century ago average live expectancy in Europe was 45 . Today, providing we look after ourselves, eat more healthily, cut down on things like butter, alcohol & cigarettes, we can add nearly 35 years to that figure . So these are the factors that help people live longer ? Yes, but the most important factor is the development in medical science. What do you mean ? Nobody dies from old age, just from diseases that affect people when they get older . So scientists are trying to find cures for fatal disease like cancer & AIDS? Right. Nowadays , about 50% of cancers are curable , & I really believe that within 30 years this will increase to 80%. & in ten years’ time AIDS will also be brought under control, too. That sounds interesting. What about living forever ? So far, eternal life is just science fiction. But with the advance of science, it’s not impossible . TESTYOURSELF C : The following are predictions about the second half of the twenty first century. The world’s population will increase from the present 6 billion . Most of this increase will be in Africa, Asia, & Latin America. The earth’s climate will become warmer . This will create major problems for agriculture & we will se droughts & famine in Africa. We will even see these problems in southern Europe . Attempts to produce an electric vehicle will fail & we’ll continue to use our normal cars. In the 2nd half of 21st century , however, the world’s supplies of petroleum will turn out. With the new technology people won’t need to be in the same place to communicate easily. They’ll be able to stay at home & do everything by computer & videophone . Patterns of work may change. People might decide that they don’t actually need to go to banks, offices, schools , universities or shops any more . UNIT 9 : Hello everyone. In today’s talk, I’m going to tell you something about deserts, what they are & how they are formed . Desert is a hot, dry sandy place. A desert is also a beautiful land of silence & space. The sun shines, the wind blows, & time & space seem endless . Nothing is soft. The sand & the rocks are hard, & many of the plants , such as the cactus , have hard needles instead of leaves . The size & location of the world’s deserts are always changing . Over millions of years, as climates change & mountains rise, new dry & wet areas develop. But within the last 100 years, deserts have been growing at a frightening speed . This is partly because of the natural changes, but the greatest desert makers are humans. In the 19th century some people living in English colonies in Australia got rabbits from England . Today there are millions of rabbits in Australia, & they eat every plant they can find. The great desert that covers the center of Australia is growing . Farming first began in the Tigris- Euphrates, but today the land there is a desert . In dry areas, people can plant crops on dry & poor land. When there are one or two very dry years, the plants die, & the land become desert . In developing countries, 90 % of the people use wood for cooking & heat. They cut down trees for firewood . But trees are important. They cool the land under them & keep the sun off smaller plants. When leaves fall from a tree, they make the land richer, when the trees are gone, the smaller die, & the land become desert . Humans can make deserts, but humans can also prevent their growth. Algeria planted a green wall of trees across the edge of the Sahara to stop sand from spreading .Mauritania planted a similar wall around its capital, Iran puts a thin covering of petroleum on sandy areas & plant trees. Other countries build canals to bring water to the desert areas . Well, that’s al for my talk. Thank you for listening . UNIT 1: warmer- reading : Check vocabulary : Choose the following words or phrases to fill in the blank : Confidence To leave Willing to On a night shift Responsibility To arrive Under Pressure Generally Attempt It is ... said that he is better at work than everyone else . She takes... for taking over the office . My mother is always the first ... at the office . His children are ..help him . Many of us hate working ... In her... to win a place at university , she is ... a lot of study .... Don’t do anything without .... UNIT 1: warmer-speaking (task3 ) Tick in the columns & then work in groups of 3 to interview : Ex: TUNG : Does your mother or father do the household chores ? AN : My mother does . SINH : Tung’s mother is the person who does the household chores . Lists of work Mother Father Both parents -Do the household chores -Earn living -Take responsibility in the family -the person who you often shares his/her secrets with . -the person you can ask for some pocket money . -take care of children -read papers & watch TV only without doing anything at home. -the person you talk before making an important decision . -only work at home . -Work outside in a factory or in an office UNIT 1: warmer-listening : (task 2 )Pick out sentences to fill in the right column six kids his is a close –knit family his family members are not very close 3 brothers , parents & he married f. Eat the meals the mother cook at home . g. often go out to eat when they get together . h. no information . i. mother j. too many people cook Features / names Paul Andrea 1. Family friendship 2. Eating habits 3. Numbers of members in family 4. Numbers of children 5. The person who cooks when there’s a family reunion 6. brothers Unit 2 : reading –task 1 : Match Vietnamese meanings with English words or phrases : A. 1. precede 2. determine 3. confide in 4. sacrifice 5. obliged 6. counterparts 7. contractual 8. a couple B. a. cặp vợ chồng b. cống hiến , hy sinh c. xác định d. đối tác , tương tác e. tin tưởng f. đến trước , đi trước g. thoả thuận , giao hẹn h. bắt buộc i. hôn lễ Unit 2 : speaking –task 1 : pre- : Expressions “ For” or “ against” & tell why Situations For & why Against & why 1. It’s a good idea to have 3 or 4 generations living under one roof . They can help each other a lot . 2. In some countries many old-aged parents like to live in a nursing home. They want to lead independent lives . 3. A happy marriage should be based on love. 4. In some countries , a man & a woman may hold hands & kiss each other in public . 5. Parents should decide on the marriage . 6. Love is supposed to follow marriage , not precede it so that a couple may have a happy marriage . 7. It’s better & wiser for a couple not to share certain thoughts . 8. A woman has to scarify more in a marriage than a man 9. A wife’s beauty & appearance are the most important . 10. A husband is obliged to tell his wife what he thinks & where he is . Unit 2 : task 3 - listening : True or false sentences : Situations True False 1. The wedding day is usually chosen carefully by the bride’s parents 2. On the wedding day, the groom’s family & relatives go to the house bringing a lot of gifts wrapped in red papers . 3. The people , who hold the trays of gifts are also chosen , they are usually single . 4. The groom & the bride exchange their weeding rings after the Master of Ceremony’s advice on starting a new family . 5. The traditional food & beer are served . 6. The guests in turn will give envelopes , containing wedding cards & money gift . 7. The wedding banquet is usually held overseas . Unit 2 : writing : task 2 : Use the cues to complete the sentences : The conial leaf hat/ be/ one/ the/ typical/ symbol / VN culture/ especially, Vietnamese girls women. It/ also/ part/ the spirit /Vietnamese nation. The hat/make/ from/ special kind of bamboo & young soft palm leaves . It/ form/ conial . Its diameter/ about 45- 50 cm wide / & 25-30 cm high. Its form/ cover/ with leaves / sewing leaves /around rids . It/ protect/ people/ sun/ rain . Girls or women/ look pretty/ & attractive /when/ wear /it UNIT 3 : Listening THE TELEPHONE – POTENTIAL FAMILY BATTERLEGROUND (đầu đề tranh luận) Choose & fill in with the missing information : a. a reasonable length of d. a very important reason g. family’s regulations j. it may cause arguments b. of walking out e. by young people h. give you some pieces k. very late at night c. your parents object f. so as to avoid i. ask him to call back l. in five different ways Hello everyone. In today’s talk I’m going to ...(1)..... of advice on how to use the telephone in he most decent(tử tế, khuôn fép) way ....(2).... unnecessary disagreements between you & your family . The telephone , as you know , is a marvelous instrument, but ...(3)... between you & your parents- arguments that could be easily avoided if you would sit down , talk it over, & agree to a simple regulations. The most obvious problem, of course, it what everyone considers ...(4)... time a for a call. The exact duration must be worked out with your parents , but ten minutes should be an absolute maximum. That’s certainly long enough to say almost anything...(5)..., & yet it isn’t so long that other members of the family will become apoplectic (dễ cáu).Even when your parents are out, the length of your call should be limited, because they, or someone else may be trying to reach your home for ...(6).... Calling hours should be agreed upon . If ...(7)... leaving the dinner table to take calls, tell your friends avoid calling at that hour; if someone does phone, ...(8)..., or offer to call him when dinner’s over . A serious calling problem is calling ...(9)..., or very early on weekend mornings. This particular mistake is made mostly ...(10)... who consider ten or 11 p m , when a lot of tired adults are happily sleeping , the shank (đi bộ, lúc thú vị nhất in buổi tối)of the evening. So please tell your friends not to call after ten o’clock. The shock ...(11)... of a sound of sleep & the fright of that instant thought – “There’s an accident” – are enough to give your parents a hear attack. Weekend morning calls aren’t so startling (=surprising ) , but it’s the one tie your parents can sleep late. If your mother & father , out of kindness, have installed a separate phone for you, remember that you’re still a member of the family. So try to stick to your ...(12).... That’s all for my talk today. Thank you for listening . UNIT 3 : reading : task 1: Match Vietnamese meanings with English words or phrases : A. 1. verbal B. a. chỉ cần gật đầu 2. nonverbal b. bất lịch sự 3. attract someone’s attention c. khẩu ngữ 4. impolite d. tiếp cận, đến gần 5. rude e. thu hút sụ chú ý của người khác 6. informally f. xuất khẩu 7. approach g. không theo khẩu ngữ 8. a slight nod will do h. hỗn láo i. không nghi thức, giản dị UNIT 3 : Speaking Pre-task 1 : Pick out & put the sentences into the right column : 1.I’ve never seen such a beautiful dress / a more beautiful play than this 2.I’ve finally found the color that suits me . 3. Thank you. That’s a nice compliment . 4. . What a beautiful dress you are wearing . 5. You’ve got to be / you must be kidding! ... I... 6. You really have a good voice . 7. I’m glad you like it. I... 8. You have a decent motorbike . 9. How well / perfectly you’ve sung ! 10. You really have a good voice . 11. What a lovely badminton match you’ve played . 12. Thanks . I’m happy you love it ... Compliment s Responding to the compliments UNIT 3 : WRITING : task 1 : True or False sentence : 1. There /be/ many ways/ tell someone/ goodbye,/most of/ them/ depend /on the situation /& /at hand . There are many ways of to tell someone goodbye, and most of them depend on the situation at hand . There are many ways to tell someone goodbye, and most of them depend on the situation at hand . 2. however, there, be, one rule ,that, all situations, observe : abruptly , we, seldom, say goodbye. However, there are one rule that all situations observe : We seldom say goodbye abruptly . However, there is one rule that all situations observe : We seldom say goodbye abruptly . 3. in, English, it, be, necessary, prepare, a person, for our, departure . a. In English it is necessary to prepare a person for our departure . b. In English it is necessary prepare a person for our departure . 4. we, lead, into the farewell, by, say, something pleasant , & thoughtful, like, “I’ve really, enjoy, talk, to you”. We lead into the farewell by saying something pleasant & thoughtful like “ I’ve really enjoy talking to you”. We lead into the farewell by saying something pleasant & thoughtful like “ I’ve really enjoyed talking to you”. 5. we, might, also, say, something, relating, to, the, time, like, “Gosh, I can’t ,believe, how, late, it be! I, really, must , be, go. We might also say something relating to the time like : “Gosh, I can’t believe how late it is! I really must be going !” We might also say something relating to the time like : “Gosh, I can’t believe how late it is! I really must going !” UNIT 3 : Speaking Pre-task 1 : Pick out & put the sentences into the right column : 1.I’ve never seen such a beautiful dress / a more beautiful play than this 2.I’ve finally found the color that suits me . 3. Thank you. That’s a nice compliment . 4. . What a beautiful dress you are wearing . 5. You’ve got to be / you must be kidding! ... I... 6. You really have a good voice . 7. I’m glad you like it. I... 8. You have a decent motorbike . 9. How well / perfectly you’ve sung ! 10. You really have a good voice . 11. What a lovely badminton match you’ve played . 12. Thanks . I’m happy you love it ... Compliment s Responding to the compliments (if rejecting ) Responding to the compliments (if accepting ) UNIT 3 : Speaking Pre-task 1 : Pick out & put the sentences into the right column : 1.I’ve never seen such a beautiful dress / a more beautiful play than this 2.I’ve finally found the color that suits me . 3. Thank you. That’s a nice compliment . 4. . What a beautiful dress you are wearing . 5. You’ve got to be / you must be kidding! ... I... 6. You really have a good voice . 7. I’m glad you like it. I... 8. You have a decent motorbike . 9. How well / perfectly you’ve sung ! 10. You really have a good voice . 11. What a lovely badminton match you’ve played . 12. Thanks . I’m happy you love it ... Compliment s Responding to the compliments( if rejecting ) Responding to the compliments (if accepting ) UNIT 3 : Speaking Pre-task 1 : Pick out & put the sentences into the right column : 1.I’ve never seen such a beautiful dress / a more beautiful play than this 2.I’ve finally found the color that suits me . 3. Thank you. That’s a nice compliment . 4. . What a beautiful dress you are wearing . 5. You’ve got to be / you must be kidding! ... I... 6. You really have a good voice . 7. I’m glad you like it. I... 8. You have a decent motorbike . 9. How well / perfectly you’ve sung ! 10. You really have a good voice . 11. What a lovely badminton match you’ve played . 12. Thanks . I’m happy you love it ... Compliment s Responding to the compliments (if rejecting ) Responding to the compliments (if accepting ) UNIT 4:(while- writing ) Use the suggestions to write a passage about school education system in Vietnam 1. There, two levels, education , formal school system , Vietnam – primary education , & secondary education 2. Secondary education , consist, lower secondary , upper secondary education . 3. Primary education , & secondary education, compulsory , Vietnam. 4. Children , start, go, school , age, six, and, after 5 years, they move, lower secondary school, they, have, take , examination , go, upper secondary school, 3 more years. 5. In order, study, university, they, have, pass, national examination, held, early June every year. 6. Academic year, which, have two terms, last 9 months, from September 5th , the end, May . 7. First term ,from September, December. After, take, final test , first term, children , have , ten days off, Lunar New year. 8. Second term, last, January, to May. When , finish , this term, students have, three months’ summer holiday. UNIT 4:(while- writing ) Use the suggestions to write a passage about school education system in Vietnam 1. There, two levels, education , formal school system , Vietnam – primary education , & secondary education 2. Secondary education , consist, lower secondary , upper secondary education . 3. Primary education , & secondary education, compulsory , Vietnam. 4. Children , start, go, school , age, six, and, after 5 years, they move, lower secondary school, they, have, take , examination , go, upper secondary school, 3 more years. 5. In order, study, university, they, have, pass, national examination, held, early June every year. 6. Academic year, which, have two terms, last 9 months, from September 5th ,

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