The present simple tense

Exercise 2: Active or Passive? Underline the correct verb form.

25. Tom has just promoted / has just been promoted to area manager of East Asia.

26. My father has taken / has been taken English class in the U.S.

27. How many times have you / have you been fired?

28. How much money have you saved / have you been saved for your vacation.

29. My brother has given / has been given tickets to the concert .

30. The population of our city has risen / has been risen to nearly one million.

31. A strike has called / has been called by the factory worker.

32. They haven’t offered / haven’t been offered more money by the management

 

 

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…………….……to the cinema. Thao (send) ………………………..….three letters to her parents last week. Her father (drive) ……………………….…..her to school every day. Dad and I (work) ………………………….…..in our garden yesterday. Quan usually (have) ……………………….…..bread and milk for breakfast. Two new students (arrive) …………..…………from Singapore a few months ago. I will tell you a secret when I (meet) ……………………you tomorrow. The last time she (write) ………………………..to me was in 2005. It’s time we (sell) ……………………….this old car and bought a new one. It is seven years since we last (talk) ………………..……..to Daisy. Water (boil)………………..…………….at 100 degree Celsius. I will see him when he (come)…………….. ………..here tomorrow. As soon as the light turned red, she (stop)………………..……………the car. Harry works all the time. He (relax / never)…………….………………. The last time I (go)…………….………… swimming was when we were in Spain. I (get up / normally)………………….…at six o’clock, but sometimes I have to be up by five. We (have to / always)…………………………… a long time for the bus. What (happen)……………………….…..to you yesterday? Please don’t touch anything before the police (come)……….. …………… “When ……………………penicillin (discover)……….. …………..?._ “In 1928”. It’s at least a month since I last (see)……… …………… Tom. People (speak)………….. ………….. English and French in Canada. The light (go)………….…………..out while we were having tea. Glenda (work)………………….………..extremely hard when she was a student The World War II (begin)………….……….in 1939 and (end)………………..……in 1945. Who (hear)…………………………the boss tell him that? – Peter did. According to the research reports, people usually (turn)…………….in their sleep 25 to 30 times each night. Susan usually (do)…………………………..her homework after dinner. He had a bath, and then he (go)……………………………..to bed. My uncle (buy)…………..………twenty calves last week, now he is feeding them up to sell. Exercise 5. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed for the sentence to be correct. Before going to bed, Mrs. Tuyet usually read something or watches some programs on TV. a b c d It’s ten years since we have left school in 1996. a b c d I was working really hard in my office when the light goes out. a b c d She usually has a glass of milk after breakfast, but now she drinks a cup of coffee. a b c d Are you ready? It’s time we go. a b c d Frank is usually swimming before work, but this morning he is jogging. a b c d I have learnt English for I was 10 years old. a b c d Why you called me so late last night? a b c d Mr. Miller doesn’t likes being kept waiting. a b c d Everybody danced and sang happy at the party last night. a b c d Exercise 6. Put the verbs in the “Past Perfect or Past Simple”. I went to the box office at lunch time, but they (already / sell)………………………………. all the tickets. I felt very tired when I got home, so I (go)……………………………straight to bed. “Was Tom at the party when you arrived?” – “No, he (go)…………………..………..”. Sorry, I’m late. The car (break)………………………………..down on my way here. The house was very quiet when I (get)……………….home. Everybody (go)………..…… out for dinner. After she (fill)……………………….……the basket, she went to the check out. Yesterday morning I (remember)………………….the answer to the question Bob (ask)………………me the night before, so I phoned him. Last night I (go)…..………………......to Jim’s room and (knock)….…….….. on the door but there (be)…………..…. no answer. Angela asked me how to use the photocopier. She (never / use)…………….…….………… it before, so she didn’t know what to do. Two days ago I (meet) …………….……an old friend who I (not see) ………………….…..… for years. The man looked familiar. I (see)...................…………… him somewhere before. Last night a tornado swept through Rockville. It (destroy)................………………everything in its path. When we (pay)....................…………..the bill, we left the restaurant. When the firework (go).............…………….off, the dog (run).....................…………..away. Marie Curie (award).....................................…………….a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911. By the time she was twelve, she (already / decide)...........................................…....……..…… on a career. ‘Was Tom there when you arrived?’ ‘Yes, but he (go)....................…home soon afterwards.’ Before Jennifer won the lottery, she (not / enter)...............................……any kind of contest. – “Who was the woman in red dress? Did you know?” - “No, I didn’t know who she was. I (not / see).......................................………….her before.” Did you say that you (come).......................................…………..here only three days ago? By the time he arrived at the party, all his classmates (leave)....................................………… When I was a child, I (play).........................………………..the violin. It’s two years since I (see)....................…………………Joe. The man sitting next to me on the plane was nervous because he (not / fly).............................. before. They (live)...........................…………..in Scotland for ten years. Now they live in London. Sorry, we’re late, we (take)........................…………… the wrong turning. We (live)…………in New York for ten years and then we (move)……….....….here in 1987. When Martin (repair)…………………… the car, he took it out for a drive. We (not / meet)……………………..…………….them before the reception yesterday. Karen didn’t want to come to the cinema with us because she (already / see)……………….... the film. Exercise 7: Mixed excercises May (come) ……………………. from London. Some animals (not eat) ……………………. during winter. People (speak) ……………………. English in almost Canada. My father (not watch) ……………………. TV every night. He (behave) ……………………. badly towards his wife. Many tourists (visit) ……………………. that castle. People (not/travel) ……………………. to Mars. She sometimes (buy) ……………………. vegetables at this market. The concert (start) ……………………. at 7.30. We (be) ……………………. students at Le Van Thiem high school. When I (leave) …………………. the house, I (not / have) ……………………. breakfast yet. Jim (crash) ……………………. into another car because he (not / realize) ……………………. the red traffic light. They (spend) ……………………. their honeymoon in Paris, where they (meet) ……………………. two years before. . Yesterday John (go) …………………. to the store before he (go) ……………………. home. I (feel) ……………………. a little better after I (take) ……………………. the medicine. My father (not/ use to/have ) ……………………. coffee for breakfast. I (use to /stay) ……………………. up late at night. Now Nam has a car. He (use to/ drive) ……………………. a motor-cycle. Week:……….. D.O.P:…………………………. Period:………. D.O.T:………………………… THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE and PRESENT PERFECT PASSIVE I. OBJECTIVES: By the end of the lesson, Ss can be able to: - Know how to use the present perfect through theories and exercises. - Know the signals of the present perfect to do the exercises correctly. II. PROCEDURES: THEORY: THE PRESENT PERFECT. ( + ) S + have / has + PP ( - ) S + have / have + not + PP ( ? ) Have / Have + S + PP … ? Coâng thöùc: Ex: John has just cleaned the floor. They have not received their salary yet. Have the students finished doing the home work ? Notes: You / we / they / plural noun / I + have She / he / it / single noun + has - Caùch duøng: - Diễn đạt một hành động xảy ra ở một thời điểm không xác định trong quá khứ. Ex:  John has traveled around the world. (We don't know when)  - Chỉ một hành động xảy ra nhiều lần trong quá khứ và còn tiếp tục ở tương lai Ex:  George has seen this movie for three times.  (Maybe he will see this movie more) - Một hành động bắt đầu diễn ra trong quá khứ và vẫn tiếp tục ở hiện tại và tương lai hoặc kết quả của hành động đó vẫn còn liên quan đến hiện tại Ex: John has lived in that house for 20 years. (He still lives there.) I have painted the door. Don’t touch it! (hành động sơn của vẫn còn liên quan đến hiện tại là cửa còn ướt không nên đụng vào) Daáu hieäu nhaän bieát: recently = lately : gần đây - in the last few years : trong vài năm qua already :đã - for a long time : đã lâu for ages : đã nhiều năm - just : vừa mới until now = up to now = up to the present = so far : cho đến nay - (not) … yet : chưa never : chưa bao giờ - ever : đã từng before : trước (đây) - Since, for : kể từ khi, đã được ( thời gian) Những cụm từ này có thể đứng đầu câu hoặc cuối câu.        Ex: So far the problem has not been resolved.  Dùng với recently, lately (gần đây) những cụm từ này có thể đứng đầu hoặc cuối câu.         Ex: I have not seen him recently.  Dùng với before đứng ở cuối câu.         Ex: I have seen him before.  Dùng với ever, never đứng sau have/ has trong câu. Ex:I have never met him Cụm từ chỉ thời gian: for, over, in, during: the past, the last + khoảng thời gian Ex: I haven’t met him for the last 10 years Cách dùng SINCE và FOR:. FOR + khoảng thời gian: for three days, for ten minutes, for twenty years ... SINCE + thời điểm bắt đầu: since 1982, since January, ...  Cách dùng ALREADY và YET: Already dùng trong câu khẳng định, already có thể đứng ngay sau have và cũng có thể đứng ở cuối câu.  Ex: We have already written our reports.  We have written our reports already.  Yet dùng trong câu phủ định, câu nghi vấn. Yet thường xuyên đứng ở cuối câu. Ex: We haven't written our reports yet. Have you written your reports yet?  Trong một số trường hợp ở thể phủ định, yet có thể đứng ngay sau have nhưng phải thay đổi về mặt ngữ pháp: động từ PII trở về dạng nguyên thể có to và không dùng not.        Ex: John has yet to learn the material = John hasn't learnt the material yet. B. Passive voice with present perfect. Active : S + have / has + P2 + O Passive : S + have / has + been + P2 + by …. EXCERCISES Exercise1: Give the correct form of the verb in brackets: 1 . She ………………………..……………..…..(wait) for two hours to see you. 2. She ………………………..…………………..(be) to America. 3. John ………………………..……………..…..(see) that film several times. 4. They ………………………..……………..……(live) in this street for a long time. 5. She …………………………..………….……..(not speak) to me since last week. 6. We …………………………..…………..(study) every lesson in the book, so far. 7. I ………………………………..………………….(have) three colds this winter. 8. Up to now, John …………………..…………………………….(work) very hard. 9. They ………………………..…………………..(sell) their house several days ago. 10. John ………………………..………………..(work) for this company since 1980. 11. Linda is working in this department. She …………..…………..(work) here for two years. 12. Many people in this class …………..………..…...(see) this beautiful house several times. 13. They …………………..………..………(live) in London from 1970 to 1990. 14. They ……………………………..……….(live) in China since 2000. 15. We ……………………….……..…….(study) English at this school for a month. 16. Our present teacher ………………..…………..…..(live) in this city all of his life. 17. This boy ……………………………..……….(not / finish) his homework yet. 18. I ……………………..….... (speak) to him about your work several times already. 19. ………………………..….…you …………..………….……..(ever travel) to China before ? 20. he ……………………….….(receive) a letter just a few minutes ago. 21. I ……………………………..…………………(not / see) John recently. 22. It’s the third time you …………………..…………….……….(lose) your key. 23. This is one of the best books I ……………..…………….(ever read). 24. You …………………….………..……….(put) your book on my desk last night. Exercise 2: Active or Passive? Underline the correct verb form. 25. Tom has just promoted / has just been promoted to area manager of East Asia. 26. My father has taken / has been taken English class in the U.S. 27. How many times have you / have you been fired? 28. How much money have you saved / have you been saved for your vacation. 29. My brother has given / has been given tickets to the concert . 30. The population of our city has risen / has been risen to nearly one million. 31. A strike has called / has been called by the factory worker. 32. They haven’t offered / haven’t been offered more money by the management Exercise 3: Turn the following sentences into the passive. His teacher has transferred him to another class. à A scholar has translated that novel into Vietnamese. à Somebody has taken my briefcase. à Have you fed the dogs yet? à No one has used that car for 10 years. à Exercise 4: Choose the one or phrase that best completes each sentence. The program must be new, I……………it before. a. have never been seen b. have ever seen c. have never seen d. have seen I…………..able to play tennis since I…………..my arm. a. wasn’t/broke b. haven’t been/had broken c. wasn’t/had broken d. haven’t been/broke Since the 1970s, computers……………at a low enough cost to allow individuals to own a personal computer. a. are produced b. will be produced c. were produced d. have been produced This is the first time we ……………to Scotland, so it’s all new to us. a. are going b. were c. have been d. will go How often ………….your car serviced since you bought it? a. do you get b. did you get c. had you gotten d. have you gotten ……………………………….yet? a. Has the report been written b. Has the report written c. Did the report write d. Was the report written These flowers are fresh. They ……………from the garden. a. have just been picked b. have been just picked c. have been picked just d. just have been picked No one has used this computer for a long time. a. This computer was not used for a long time. b. This computer has been used for a long time. c. This computer has not used for a long time. d. This computer has not been used for a long time. Week:……….. D.O.P:…………………………. Period:………. D.O.T:………………………… WH – QUESTIONS, GERUND and TO + INFINITIVE. I. OBJECTIVES: By the end of the lesson, Ss can be able to: - Know how to use “WH– words” in making questions, use a “gerund” or “an infinitive with To” after a certain verb. - Enhance their understanding through multiple choice questions. II. PROCEDURES: THEORY: - Các từ để hỏi: who, whom, what, which, where, when, why, how (Old/long/far/fast/many/much…) Question words To ask about Example Who Hỏi về người Who is your English teacher? What Hỏi người, vật, sự việc, sự kiện.. What happened last night? Where Hỏi nơi chốn Where do you live? When Hỏi thời gian When did you buy this book? Which Hỏi sự chọn lựa Which class do you like? Why Hỏi lý do Why were you late? Whose Hỏi sở hữu Whose pen is this? How Hỏi cách thức, chất lượng How old is she? Wh- + be + S (+ …)? - With “TO BE”: E.g: What is the time? – It’s 7. Wh- + KK + S + V (+ …)? - With “Modal Verbs”: * Những động từ khiếm khuyết: can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, ought to E.g: How many languages can you speak? Wh- + do/does/did + S + V (+…)? - With ordinary verbs: E.g: Where did you go yesterday? – I went to the bookstore. Who do you teach English every day? Hoaëc: Wh-question + V + O +? - Question words used as subject. ( Từ để hỏi dùng làm chủ từ): E.g: Who teaches you English every day? - Question words use as objects or modifiers.(Từ để hỏi dùng làm tân ngữ hoặc bổ ngữ): Wh-question+ aux.V+ S +Vm + O? Aux. V: auxiliary verb trợ động từ Vm: main verb động từ chính Ex: Who do you teach English every day? What: What…be (look) like? Hỏi về sự miêu tả: What is the weather like in Ha Noi? What + noun (color, subject, kind of, size…) Hỏi về chi tiết: What color is it? What time Hỏi thời gian cụ thể What time do you often get up? How + Adj/Adv Hỏi về mức độ tính chất: How deep is this river? How far Hỏi về khoảng cách How long Hỏi độ dài / thời gian: How long have you been staying here? How many/much Hỏi về số lượng: How many students are there in the class? How often Hỏi về độ thường xuyên: How often do you go to the cinema? EXERCISES: Exercise 1: Make the questions for the following sentences. 1. Miss Phuong went home early. → Why ……………………….................…….……………………………….................…? 2. I met Phong’s father . → Who …………………………….................………………………….................………..? 3 . they wanted something . → What ………………………………….........…………………….................…....………? 4. The machine cost a lot of money. → How much money …………………………………………….................…….…………? 5. The meeting finished at 7 o’clock. → What time ……………………...…………………….................….......……………… ? My aunt and uncle live in Chicago. ’Where We often have dinner at 7:00 pm. ’ What time I am reading an English book at the moment. ’ What It takes me 30 minutes to go to school. ’ How long She speaks English very fluently. ’How I have written over twenty novels. ’How many This street is twenty kilometers long. ’How long I spent 10 dollars on this shirt. ’ How much I have been learning English for 5 years. ’How long She will be married to a rich man. ’ Who Tom goes to the library twice a week. ’ How often I went to school late because I missed the bus. ’Why She is a doctor. ’ What They were watching a game show. ’What He like studying Math. ’What subject The weather is very nice in this country. ’What She wanted to become an English teacher. ’What. They are cutting trees in the forest for wood. ’For what They are coming to visit tomorrow. ’When He is going to work right now. ’Where She talked to him for an hour. ’ How long Exercise 2: Make questions for the underlined parts or the given answers It’s a quarter past five now. ..................................................................................................................................................... Her full name is Nguyen Minh Thu. ..................................................................................................................................................... She is in grade 10. ..................................................................................................................................................... My phone number is 838 888. ..................................................................................................................................................... My address is 25 Quang Trung Street. ..................................................................................................................................................... There are five people in my family. ..................................................................................................................................................... My father is a teacher. ..................................................................................................................................................... There is a picture on the wall. ..................................................................................................................................................... Yes, his house is next to a bookshop. ..................................................................................................................................................... She goes to the super market twice a week. ..................................................................................................................................................... Exercise 3: Make questions from the words given. 1. does / what time / get up / she → ………………………………………….…..………………… ? – At seven o’clock. 2. for / does / have / breakfast / she / what →…………………………………………..……..……………? – A bread and an egg. 3. to work / she / does / go / how → …………………………………………..………….…………...? – By bus. 4. she / does / what / in the evening / do → …………………………………………..……..…………..? – She watches television. 5. bed / time / does / go to / what / she → ……………………………………………………………..? – At nine o’clock. I. Động từ đi với gerund: admit : thừa nhận anticipate : liệu trước appreciate : đánh giá cao avoid : tránh be worth : đáng (được) can’t help : không thể tránh complete : hoản thành consider : xem xét, can nhắc defer : hoãn lại delay : trì hoãn deny : phủ nhận dislike / detest : không thích dread : sợ encourage : khuyến khích enjoy : thích escape : thoát khỏi fancy : thích finish : hoàn thành involve : bao gồm, liên quan keep : tiếp tục mind : ngại postpone : trì hoãn practise : luyện tập resent : phật ý, oán recollect : hồi tưởng risk : liều lĩnh spend : dùng, trãi qua suggest : gợi ý, đề nghị tolerate : chịu đưng, tha thou understand : hiểu forgive : tha thứ encourage : khuyến khích imagine : tưởng tượng mention : đề cập miss : bỏ lở It’s no use / good : Vô ích to look forward to : mong, đợi can’t bear / stand : không thể chịu được have difficulty / trouble: có vấn đề, gặp khó khăn Các giới từ: on / in/ to/ at/ up/ with…. Ex: She admitted stealing his money. This job involves meeting people. Do you enjoy going to the beach? II. Những động từ sau được sử dụng với hai cấu trúc: Advise recommend encourage Allow permit V + Ving V + object+ to V0 He doesn’t allow smoking in his house. He doesn’t allow anyone to smoke in his house. III. Động từ theo sau là Ving hay to-infinitive: (Không thay đổi nghĩa) begin / start : bắt đầu can’t bear : không thể chịu đựng can’t stand : không thể chịu đựng continue : tiếp tục dread : kinh sợ hate : ghét like : thích love : yêu neglect : lơ là prefer : thích hơn Ex: She began working / to work on the project. IV. Đông từ theo sau là Ving hoặc to-infinitive: (thay đổi nghĩa) Forget: quên Don’t forget to send me a postcard. (quên để làm) I will never forget working with you. (quên đã làm) Remember: nhớ Remember to do your homework. (nhớ để làm) Do you remember meeting the president last year? (nhớ đã làm) Stop: ngưng He stopped to smoke when he was driving. ( ngưng để làm) Try + to-inf : cố gắng Try + Ving : thử We tried to win the game, but we failed. Have you ever tried windsurfing? Mean + to-inf: muốn Mean + Ving: nghĩa là I mean to take a trip to Canada. A trip to Da Lat means spending much money. Regret + to-inf : rất tiếc Regret + Ving : hối hận We regret to say that your application can’t be accepted. He regrets not going to her friend’s birthday party. V. Động từ theo sau các động từ döôùi ñaây là V0: Make: khiến Let: cho phép Have: nhờ Help: giúp đỡ Used to : Had better Would rather….(than) My mother makes me study. They let him go. I had him wash my car. Advertising helps (to) sell more products. She used to help me when I lived in Dalat in 1997 You had better come back home and take a rest. we would rather die than be slaves I'd rather walk than take a bus VI. Theo sau động từ chỉ giác quan là to V hoặc V0 see hear + O + Ving smell notice When I came home I had seen someone opening the door see hear + O + V0 smell notice I noticed an old man cross the street VII. Ñoäng töø ñi sau caùc ñoäng töø döôùi ñaây thöôøng ôû daïng to V0 Agree Offer Decide Appear Ask Would prefer Remind Enable Want Refuse Attempt Plan Seem Expect Would like Warn Teach Learn Promise Manage Arrange Pretend Mean Dare Force Persuade Tell Threaten Fail Hope Afford help tend Invite get Order EXERCISES: Exercise 1: Underlined the correct answer. He wanted (see) ……………………. the house where the president was born. He is expected (arrive) ……………………. in a few days. I would like him (go) …………………. to a university but I can’t make him go. I am looking forward to (see) ……………………. you. I arranged (meet) ……………………. them there. She was angry and refused……………………. (speak) to me. I am beginning (understand) ……………………. what you mean. People used (travel) ……………………. on horseback. I regret (inform) ……………………. you that your application form has been refused. He spends a lot of time (read) ……………………. books. I regret (not/listen) ……………………. to my father’s advice. He was right. I don’t enjoy (take) ……………………. care of as if I were a child. He is interested in……………………. ( do) the job himself. Would you mind……………………. (help) me with this. The boys like (play) ……………………. games but hate (do) lessons. You should practice ( speak) ……………………. English every day. I always try to avoid……………………. (borrow) money from my friends. I don’t allow (smoke) ……………………. in my drawing-room. Would you mind (show) …………………. me how (work) …………………. the lift. It is no use (wait) ……………………. him. Exercise 2: Put the verb in the brackets in the correct form. I’m looking forward to ……………………….you at Christmas. ( see/ seen/ seeing ) Litter boys like ………………………. trees. ( climb/ climbing/ have climbed ) Mr.Ha decided ……………………..….. his new suit .(wearing/ to wear/ wear ) Some people are used to ………………..…. in crowded buses. (standing/ stand/ stood ) I dislike …………..…

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