Tiếng anh 11- Bài tập Relative Clause

(1) The road which/ that leads to the city center is in bad condition.

(2) He is the student who/ that has taken his disable friend to school for years.

(3) The book which/ that I bought yesterday is an original one.

(4) The secretary' whom/ that Mr. Hoa has employed is very talented.

(5) Houses whose walls were made of wood were all destroyed by the storm. Houses, the walls of which were made of wood, were all destroyed by the storm.

(6) The man whose daughter has just been born is over 50.

 

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Defining Relative Clauses Revision Definition Defining relative clauses which describe the preceding noun are essential to the understanding of the noun; so they could not be omitted. The boy who gave me the letter yesterday ran away without letting me know his name. (The clause who gave me the letter yesterday is a defining relative clause. If we omit that clause, the meaning of the sentence becomes unclear.) ► Relative pronouns used in defining relative clauses Subject Object Possessive Things which/ that (1) which/ that (3) whose/ of which (5) Persons who/ that (2) whom/who/ that (4) whose (6) The road which/ that leads to the city center is in bad condition. He is the student who/ that has taken his disable friend to school for years. The book which/ that I bought yesterday is an original one. The secretary' whom/ that Mr. Hoa has employed is very talented. Houses whose walls were made of wood were all destroyed by the storm. Houses, the walls of which were made of wood, were all destroyed by the storm. The man whose daughter has just been born is over 50. Omission of relative pronouns in defining relative clauses An object relative pronoun in a defining relative clause can be omitted. "Gone With The Wind'' is the novel which/ that 1 like best. = "Gone With The Wind" is the novel 1 like best. A relative pronoun that is the subject of a clause cannot be omitted. Exercises In each of the sentences below, there is one error in relative clause structures. Find and correct the error. The woman whom sent this package absent-mindedly left her wallet at the post office. _____________________________________________________________________ Spending time with people who knows how to make jokes is very interesting. _____________________________________________________________________ I did not recognize the man entered the room. _____________________________________________________________________ The new motorbike people are advertising on TV, and in newspapers and magazines. _____________________________________________________________________ All the contestants take part in the competition are very intelligent. _____________________________________________________________________ The house which Mr. Lam is going to buy it is located in a very quiet area. _____________________________________________________________________ The party where I went to last night was held by an old friend. _____________________________________________________________________ The student who assignment got the highest mark worked very hard. _____________________________________________________________________ Have you returned the money that borrowed from the bank? _____________________________________________________________________ The families whose houses destroyed in the storms are still trying to improve their lives. _____________________________________________________________________ Read the following passage about different kinds of flooding then fill in the blanks with who/ whom/ which/ that/ where. There may be more than one correct word to fill in a blank. Flooding actually occurs from a range of causes and conditions - not always the ones (1) first come to mind. Of course, river flooding is the kind (2) we think of most commonly. Heavy rains or rapid snowmelt on upstream watersheds cause rivers to rise. Coastal flooding is also very common in many places (3) coastal land is very close to sea level, and therefore vulnerable. During

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