Bài giảng Anh12: Women in society

Throughout much of the history of human civilization, deep-seated cultural beliefs allowed women only limited roles in society. Many people believed that women’s natural roles were as mothers and wives. These people considered women to be better suited for childbearing and homemaking rather than for involvement in the public life of business or politics. Widespread doubt about women’s intellectual ability led most societies to deny education, employment and many legal and political rights to women. It was men who controlled most positions of employment and power in society.

The struggle for women’s rights − the rights that establish the same social, economic, and political status for women as for men − began in the 18th century during a period known as the Age of Enlightenment. During this period, political philosophers in Europe began to argue that all individuals, male or female, were born with natural rights that made them free and equal. These pioneer thinkers advocated that women should not be discriminated against on the basis of their sex.

Today, although their status varies in different countries, women in most parts of the world have gained significant legal rights. The most important of these are: the right to have equal work opportunities and pay to men, the right to vote, and the right to formal education.

 

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Taking care of their families, and doing the housework Working in the offices Part A: reading – (Period: 91) Class: 12B4 Teacher: Bui Duc Tien School: Tinh Gia 3 Upper Secondary School Unit 15: Women In Society Throughout much of the history of human civilization, deep-seated cultural beliefs allowed women only limited roles in society. Many people believed that women’s natural roles were as mothers and wives. These people considered women to be better suited for childbearing and homemaking rather than for involvement in the public life of business or politics. Widespread doubt about women’s intellectual ability led most societies to deny education, employment and many legal and political rights to women. It was men who controlled most positions of employment and power in society. The struggle for women’s rights − the rights that establish the same social, economic, and political status for women as for men − began in the 18th century during a period known as the Age of Enlightenment. During this period, political philosophers in Europe began to argue that all individuals, male or female, were born with natural rights that made them free and equal. These pioneer thinkers advocated that women should not be discriminated against on the basis of their sex. Today, although their status varies in different countries, women in most parts of the world have gained significant legal rights. The most important of these are: the right to have equal work opportunities and pay to men, the right to vote, and the right to formal education. Human civilization (n) Eg: Human civilization has taken thousands of years Homemaking (n) Eg: Women are always busy with the homemaking The age of enlightenment (n) Eg: The 18th century is known as the age of enlightenment Childbearing (n) Eg: She is at the age of childbearing. Political philosopher (n) Eg: He works as a Political philosopher. Equal work opportunity (n) Eg: Women and men have an equal work opportunity Intellectual ability (n) Eg: Women’s intellectual ability is similar to men’s. Involvement (n) means the act of taking part in something. Eg: He spoke openly about his involvement with the singer ( VÝ dô: ¤ng ta nãi mét c¸ch c«ng khai vÒ sù tham gia cña m×nh víi ca sü ) ************************************************** Let’s do the tasks! 1. Human civilization 2. Homemaking (n) 3. The age of enlightenment (n) 4. Childbearing (n) 5. Political philosopher 6. Equal work opportunity 7. Intellectual ability (n) a. TriÕt gia chÝnh trÞ b. Sù sinh ®Î d. Thêi ®¹i khai s¸ng g. c¬ héi viÖc lµm c«ng b»ng h. Kh¶ n¨ng trÝ tuÖ i. ViÖc nhµ c. NÒn v¨n minh loµi ng­êi 8. Involvemnt (n) e. Sù dÝnh lÝu, tham gia…. 9. Deep-seated cultural beliefs (n) f. NiÒm tin ¨n s©u vµo tiÒm thøc 50:50 A. Working in education B. Building houses 1. According to the text , what was the main role traditionally accorded to women? C. Taking care of the house and family D. Working in factories Throughout much of the history of human civilization, deep-seated cultural beliefs allowed women only limited roles in society. Many people believed that women’s natural roles were as mothers and wives. These people considered women to be better suited for childbearing and homemaking rather than for involvement in the public life of business or politics. 50:50 A. Respectful B. Supportive 2. Before the 18th century what was the attitude of societies towards women’s intellectual ability? c. Resentful D. Disbelieving Widespread doubt about women’s intellectual ability let most societies to deny education, employment and many legal and political rights to women. It was men who controlled most positions of employment and power in society. 50:50 A. To free women from housework B. To establish a friendly relationship between men and women 3. According to the text , what is the purpose of the struggle for women’s right? C. To bring equality between men and women D. To argue that women have better intellectual ability The struggle for women’s rights – the rights that establish the same social, economic, and political status for women as for men – began in the 18th century during a period known as the Age of Enlightenment. 50:50 A. 18th century European people 4. What do “ these pioneer thinkers” at the end of paragraph 2 refer to? B. 18th century European political philosophers B. 18th century European women D. 18th century European politicians – began in the 18th century during a period known as the Age of Enlightenment. this During period, political philosophers in Europe began to argue that all individuals, male and female, were born with natural rights that made them free and equal. These pioneer thinkers advocated that women should not be discriminated against on the basis of their sex. 50:50 A. The right to hold property B. The right to equal pay 5. Which of following is not mentioned in the last paragraph as one of women’s legal rights today? B. Equal employment opportunity rights D. The right to vote Today, although their status varies in different countries, women in most parts of the world have gained significant legal rights. The most important of these are: the right to have equal work opportunities and pay to men, the right to vote, and the right to formal education. 50:50 A. women’ s intellectual ability B. The age of enlightenment 6. Choose the best title for the passage C. Women’ s rights D. Women’ s roles in education Here are the summary sentences for the reading passage. Match each sentence with one paragraph. 3. In the past, women were restricted to the roles of mothers and wives due to widespread doubt about their intellectual ability. 1. The struggle for women’s rights began in the 18th century as European political philosophers believed that women should be treated equally. 2. Women now enjoy important legal rights such as equal work opportunities and equal pay, the right to vote and to gain education. Paragraph A Paragraph B Paragraph C 3. In the past, women were restricted to the roles of mothers and wives due to widespread doubt about their intellectual ability. 2. Women now enjoy important legal rights such as equal work opportunities and equal pay, the right to vote and to gain education. 1. The struggle for women’s rights began in the 18th century as European political philosophers believed that women should be treated equally. Throughout much of the history of human civilization, deep-seated cultural beliefs allowed women only limited roles in society. Many people believed that women’s natural roles were as mothers and wives. These people considered women to be better suited for childbearing and homemaking rather than for involvement in the public life of business or politics. Widespread doubt about women’s intellectual ability let most societies to deny education, employment and many legal and political rights to women. It was men who controlled most positions of employment and power in society. The struggle for women’s rights – the rights that establish the same social, economic, and political status for women as for men – began in the 18th century during a period known as the Age of Enlightenment. During this period, political philosophers in Europe began to argue that all individuals, male and female, were born with natural rights that made them free and equal. These pioneer thinkers advocated that women should not be discriminated against on the basis of their sex. Today, although their status varies in different countries, women in most parts of the world have gained significant legal rights. The most important of these are: the right to have equal work opportunities and pay to men, the right to vote, and the right to formal education.

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