State management of higher education in the form of part - Time training at academies under the ministry of public security

Pursuant to Decree No. 01/2018 / ND-CP dated August 6,

2018 of the Government defining the functions, tasks, powers and

organizational structure of the Ministry of Public Security, the

Ministry of Public Security issued Decision No. 4010 which

prescribes functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the

Department of Training. Accordingly, the Department of Training is

a unit directly under the Ministry of Public Security with the function

of advising and assisting the Minister in unifying the State

management of education, training and retraining cadres in the

People's Police force, etc. The Department is consisted of the

Director in charge, no more than 04 Deputy Directors and 6 units at

division, center and school level

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nizational structure of the state management apparatus of higher education in the form of part- time training in Vietnam, and at academies under the Ministry of Public Security; the training, fostering and managing of lecturers and higher education managerial cadres; the inspection and examination of higher education in the form part- time training. - Scope of space: The study is carried out at two Academies under the Ministry of Public Security: the People's Security Academy and the People's Police Academy. - Scope of time: The study focuses on the state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security from the year 2010 up to now. 4. Methodology and research methods 4.1. Methodology The study is based on the methodology of Marxism-Leninism on dialectical materialism, the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism; thoughts and teachings of President Ho Chi Minh to the People’s public security forces; Ho Chi Minh thought, viewpoints of the Party and the State on education and training in general and higher education in particular; viewpoints, guidelines and policies of the Central Public Security Party Committee on higher education in people’s police, on higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security as well as on state management of higher education in the public security sector at the present. 4.2. Research Methods The following research methods are used to collect necessary information: - Group of theoretical research methods: analyzing and summarizing, theoretical comparison: collecting, reviewing, summarizing, classifying and systematizing all information and data about the subjects of the study and within the scope of the study. 21 4.2.2. Perfecting the system of legal and regulatory documents, regulations and statutes on higher education in the form of part- time training - Amending Circular No. 06/2018 / TT-BGDĐT dated February 28, 2018 by the Ministry of Education and Training defining enrolment targets. The provisions of Point c, Clause 1, Article 6 of Circular No. 06/2018 / TT-BGDDT should be changed into "taking the total number of trainees (learners) of an educational institution according to their training disciplines divided by total equivalently converted lecturers of such disciplines ”. Similarly, Clause 2, Article 8 will be changed as follows: "Enrollment quota for part- time training of each training level is among the total trainee size of educational institutions according to the disciplines specified at Point c, Clause 1, Article 6 ”. - Reexamining the system of legal and regulatory documents on higher education in the form of part- time training in people’s public security sector to make them suitable with the organizational structure of state management agencies in education and training in people’s police forces at present. - Setting regulations on joint - training between higher educational institutions in the people’s public security sector and other police units or local police units on education and training. - Amending Circular No. 06/2017 / TT-BGDĐT dated March 15, 2017 by the Ministry of Education and Training on issuing part- time training statute. Proposing to amend Clauses 1 and 2, Article 9, Circular No. 06/2017 / TT-BGDDT dated March 15, 2017 in one of the following options: First, supplementing Clause 5, Article 9 as follows: "For higher education in the form of part- time training in public security sector, higher educational institutions are responsible for organizing and managing training according to credit, school year or a combination of these two kinds of training”. Second, amending Clause 1, Article 9 as follows: "Part- time training is organized and managed by credit (except for higher education institutions under the Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Defense)". Clause 1, Article 10, Circular No. 06/2017 / TT-BGDDT on assessment of modules needs to be amended as follows: “The overall score for module assessment (referred to as module points) in part- time training is calculated according to the statute on higher education in the form of part- time training of higher educational institutions”. 20 Higher education in the form of part- time training contributes greatly to raising awareness and working capacity for cadres and soldiers of the whole People's Public Security Forces. Therefore, the Central Police Party Committee determines that the immediate basic goal is to improve training quality of higher educational institutions under the Ministry of Public Security to serve the needs of training and retraining cadres and soldiers in the Public Security sector, meeting the requirements of basic and comprehensive renovation of higher education under the Ministry of Public Security, and at the same time being suitable with Vietnam and the world’s educational development trend, increasing the autonomy and self-responsibility such institutions, including autonomy for high education in the form part- time training. 4.1.3. Orientations for developing higher education in the form of part- time training at the academies under the Ministry of Public Security. - Ensuring the quality of high education in the form part- time training. - Innovating the management of high education in the form part- time training, meeting the requirements of the industrial revolution 4.0. - Innovating and enhancing the effectiveness of state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. - Developing, perfecting and ensuring training scale for the academies under the Ministry of Public Security, the Center for Professional Training at police units and local police. - Increasing the autonomy and self-responsibility of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security 4.2. Solutions to strengthen state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. 4.2.1. Formulating policies and plans for stable and long- term development of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. - Making stable policies for higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. - Setting development plan for higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security with the vision for the next 10-20 years to access technology revolution 4.0. 5 - Group of practical research methods: survey; methods of analyzing and summarizing practices together with professional solution. 5. New findings and contributions of the study 5.1. For the theory The dissertation has systematized the theory and practice of state management of higher education in the form of part- time training. In particular, the dissertation has pointed out the differences between higher education in the form of full-time and higher education in the form of part- time; higher education in the form of part- time inside and outside Public Security sector; analyzing the factors affecting the state management of higher education in the form of part-time at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. These serve as a basis for studying practices and producing solutions to promote state management activities in higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. 5.2. For practice The dissertation has evaluated objectively and comprehensively the state management state of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. It also helps to identify barriers, inadequacies and difficulties when implementing state management activities of higher education in the form of part- time training and analyze the causes of such difficulties at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. The dissertation has built a system of measures to enhance state management activities adaptable to the characteristics of higher education in the form of part- time training, which can be applied in higher education institutions in the armed forces in general and at academies under the Ministry of Public Security in particular. The findings of the dissertation will contribute to changing practical awareness and actions of managers, civil servants, officials and other subjects who are involved in the state management activities of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. * Prospects for application of research findings - The dissertation will help to create supplementary theory to the state management of higher education in the form of part- time training; - The dissertation can be used as a reference for further scientific research and a valuable source of material for designing and issuing policies, strategies and perfecting the state management apparatus of education and training in general and higher education under the Ministry of Public Security in particular. 6 6. Research questions and scientific assumptions of the study 6.1. Research questions The study aims at answering the following questions: - What are the theoretical bases of state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security? - Is there any regulation related to state management of higher education in the form of part- time training? What factors affect state management of higher education in the form of part- time training? - How is the practice of state management state of higher education in the form of part- time raining at academies under the Ministry of Public Security? Are there any advantages and limitations? What is the cause of these limitations? - What are the directions and solutions to enhance the state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security? 6.2. Scientific assumptions At present, the process of implementing state management activities on higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security is facing many difficulties and inadequacies. If the research proposes feasible and practical solutions suitable to the conditions of education and training in people’s public security sector, it can help to strengthen the state management of these academies. At the same time, it will be a premise and conditions to ensure the quality of higher education in general and of higher education in the form of part- time training in public security sector in particular, contributing to improving its quality of human resources. If policy making and and plans are stable with long-term development, the system of legal documents are completed and unified from the central to grassroots levels, organizational structure of state management apparatus is consolidated and unified, educational managers and lecturers are well-qualified with high professional competence and enthusiasm, the inspection and supervision are implemented regularly and fairly, the state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security will contribute to the diversification of the main directions of higher education development of the Government in general and the Public Security sector in particular. 19 - Awareness of some Party committees, heads of units and officers, soldiers on the position and importance of higher education in the form of part- time training is incomplete. CHAPTER 3: CONCLUSION Although higher education in the form of part- time training at Academies under the Ministry of Public Security has made important strides in terms of both quality and quantity, it has not met the requirements of human resources training for national security protection and social order our country today. The main reason for this is that the state management of part- time training at Academies under the Ministry of Public Security has not been highly effective as expected. Such situation requires directions and solutions to strengthen state management on higher education in the form of part- time training at Academies under the Ministry of Public Security now. This will be presented in Chapter 4. Chapter 4 ORIENTATIONS AND SOLUTIONS TO STRENGTHEN STATE MANAGEMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE FORM OF PART- TIME TRAINING AT ACADEMIES UNDER THE MINISTRY OF PUBLIC SECURITY In this chapter, the following main sections are mentioned: 4.1. Orientations for strengthening state management of higher education in the form part- time training at Academies under the Ministry of Public Security 4.1.1. Thoughts, opinions of the Party, policies and laws of the State on the development of higher education in the form of part- time training Through political and legal documents of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it can be noted that the viewpoints and thoughts of our Party and State on part- time training are: higher education in the form of part- time training as well as other types of non-formal training equally contribute to the realization of such missions of education and training as raising people's knowledge, developing human resources, fostering talents, playing an important role in the national construction and building Vietnamese culture and people. 4.1.2. Viewpoints and objectives of the Central Police Party Committee and the Ministry of Public Security on higher education in the form of part- time training in the People's Public Security Forces 18 Second, the system of legal, regulatory and administrative documents on higher education in the form part- time training of the Ministry of Education and Training and Ministry of Public Security is still overlapping without common agreement. The progress of studying and promulgating legal documents is still slow; the quality and validity are not high. Third, some contents of the credit training system are not thoroughly implemented in the People’s police sector. Fourth, the apparatus of state management of higher education in the form of part- time training is still not stable and reasonable. Fifth, there has not been a set of criteria to evaluate practical capacity of lecturers and educational managers so as to make a plan to train and foster professional skills for them. Sixth, there is no connection or linkage in the inspection and examination between levels, there is also no overall inspection plan from central to grassroots level. 3.3.2.2. Reasons for limitations - There is no close and effective coordination between forecasting, training planning, human resource development in the People's public security sector and planning and policies for higher education in general and higher education in the form of part- time training in particular. - Credit system training applied to part- time training at the Academies under the Ministry of Public Security appears unreasonable issues due to typical managerial features of the Public security sector. - Since 2018, the implementation of Decree No. 01 of the Prime Minister defining the functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the Ministry of Public Security makes the organizational structure of the state management agency in charge of education and training of Ministry of Public Security changed and disturbed. - The autonomy mechanism in higher education as stated in the Law on Higher Education has not been realized and fully implemented in Academies under the Ministry of Public Security. - The evaluation of real capacity of lecturers and educational managers to develop training programs and plans is not properly carried out. - There is a lack of uniform solutions on education and training in the public security sector to achieve stated goals. 7 7. Organization of the dissertation In addition to the introduction, conclusion, list of references and appendices, the dissertation is structured into 4 chapters as follows: Chapter 1: Overview of previous research related to the dissertation topic; Chapter 2: Scientific base of state management of higher education in the form of part – time training; Chapter 3: Practice of state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security; Chapter 4: Orientations and solutions to strengthen state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. CHAPTER 1 OVERVIEW OF PREVIOUS RESEARCH This chapter reviews existing information about the related topic of different researchers and gathers them in two groups: 1.1. Overview of previous research on higher education in the form of part- time training. 1.2. Overview of previous research on state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. Based on the findings of previous research related to the topic, the dissertation has produced the following assessments: 1.3. General evaluation on findings of previous research 1.3.1. The resolved issues 1. Higher education in the form of part- time training and state management of this kind of training receive much interest in different ways, theoretically and practically, at home and abroad or in the aspects of politics, economics, sociology and law... 2. The published studies basically give some views and concepts related to state management of higher education, the role of the State in higher education in general, and in higher education in the form of part- time training in particular... 3. Theoretical research on state management, especially on state management of higher education has not been given comprehensive attention; no study has considered state management of higher education and higher education in the form of part- time training as a holistic subject but as a theoretical issue that must be solved when studying the state management of higher education. 8 4. The studies of different researchers in the world have vividly reflected diverse and various practices with different state management background, affecting the state management of higher education of educational institutions in countries around the world. 5. The results of the above research have suggested and provided information, research methods and approaches for this dissertation. 1.3.2. The remained issues The domestic and foreign researches have a number of aspects related to the state management of higher education in the form of part- time training and achieved certain success. But such contents as state management, improvement of the state management system, strengthening of state management are too general or broad at the macro level. Yet some theoretical and practical issues on state management of higher education in the form part- time training are not clearly mentioned and need further research. Moreover, researches related to state management and state management of higher education in the form of part- time training in general and state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security in particular are approached much limitedly from the perspective of public management. 1.3.3. Issues to be further studied and resolved - In theory, things need to be more clarified: State management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security compared to state management of higher education in the form of part- time training in other educational institutions, what is the difference? - In practice: the practice of state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security at present: advantages, disadvantages and causes. - Suggestions: proposing directions and solutions to enhance the state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security Chapter 1: Conclusion Chapter 1 produced a description of previous researches, books and newspapers directly and indirectly related to the field of state management of higher education in the form of part- time training at academies under the Ministry of Public Security. There are a number of domestic and foreign works, thesis, dissertations or scientific researches related to the field of state management, but in- depth research on state management of higher education in the form 17 attaches great importance to the implementation of the identified tasks under the Component Project No. 5 on developing the contingent of lecturers and educational administrators, that is respecting and improving the quality of teacher selection, strengthening the training and retraining to improve the qualifications of lecturers and educational managers. 3.2.5. Inspecting and examining higher education in the form part- time training The inspection and examination of higher education in general and higher education in the form of part –time training in particular have been strictly supervised by the Ministry of Public Security, universities and academies since 2005. 3.3. Inspection and supervision of state management of higher education in the form of part-time training at the Academies under the Ministry of Public Security 3.3.1. Advantages and reasons for advantages 3.3.1.1. Advantages In recent years, part- time training in the People’s Police Force has rapidly developed; the state management has shown its leading role in the planning, setting training quota, issuing a system of legal, regulatory and administrative documents, organizing managerial apparatus, training, fostering and improving the qualifications of lecturers as well as educational managers. The inspection and supervision have been received much attention from the Ministry of Public Security, achieving great successes during management process. 3.3.1.2. Reasons for advantages - Firstly, thoroughly grasping the viewpoints of the Party, the State and the Ministry of Public Security on the orientation to develop higher education in the form of part –time training in the People’s Police Forces. - Secondly, the awareness of the Heads of higher educational institutions, police units and local police units is increasingly higher; they clearly determine the role of state management of part - time training in the cause of educational development of people’s public security. 3.3.2. Limitations and reasons for limitations 3.3.2.1. Limitations First, there is no orientation and stable development plan for higher education in the form of part- time training in People’s police sector. The forecasting and designing of training plans have not effectively adjusted the pace of development as well as resolved conflicts of the current educational system structure. 16 time training at Academies under the Ministry of Public Security that Chapter 2 presented the theoretical issues, including the followings: 3.2.1. Formulation of development plans and policies for higher education in the form of part- time training. One of the most important and typical policies on education and training in the sector of People’s Police Forces approved in 2011 by the Prime Minister is the project 1229 namely "Overall planning, improving the capacity and quality of training of education and training institutions in the People's Police Forces to 2020” and six component projects with the goal of comprehensive renewal of education and training in the People's Police Forces, including higher education in the form of part- time training. 3.2.2. Issue and organization of the implementation of legal documents on higher education in the form of part- time training. The writer of the dissertation examines and reflects the practice of applying such legal and regulatory documents as the Law on Higher Education, R

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