State management over domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam

Domestic violence is an urgent and topical social problem,

causing serious consequences to the health and psychology of victims

of domestic violence, thereby having a great impact on the security and

order in the locality. Negative impact on the nation's socio-economic

development. The state management of domestic violence prevention

and control has achieved certain results, contributing to improving the

effectiveness of domestic violence prevention and control. However, in

order to improve the effectiveness of state management of domestic

violence in the context of the 4th industrial revolution, the following

major contents should be focused on:

a) Early amendment and supplementation of the Law on

Domestic Violence Prevention and Control in 2007 to suit the relevant

laws and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals to ensure

uniformity in the implementation of regulations. of the law on Domestic

Violence Prevention and Control.

b) Review and supplement policies to prevent domestic violence,

policies to support and protect victims of domestic violence effectively,

especially applying and operating models to prevent domestic violence.

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issued many guidelines, decisions and implemented many solutions. However, after more than 10 years of implementing the Law, the work of domestic violence prevention is still local, fragmented and lacks of consistency from the central to grassroots levels. Domestic violence prevention and control have not met the requirements of building a happy family, building a socially responsible society, mainly focusing on handling the consequences, which causes damage to the social benefits. To overcome these limitations and shortcomings, it is necessary to have effective solutions in state management of domestic violence prevention and control. Stemming from these above objective requirements and so far there have not been many scientific researches fully mentioning the role of state management in planning mechanisms and policies to implement domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam. Male. Moreover, 26 Definition, characteristics, classification and role of domestic violence prevention and control in the process of national su; (ii) Definition, characteristics, content and role of state management of domestic violence prevention and control; (iii) Foreign experience in policy making, state management of domestic violence prevention and control; c) Continue to affirm the views, orientations and objectives of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam with 07 feasible solutions to improve and improve the efficiency of state management of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam, especially the views and perspectives developing a legal framework and mechanisms and policies of the development ecosystem on domestic violence prevention and control, ensuring the synchronous requirements with other legal documents and international commitments that Vietnam has participated in to obtain legal corridors synchronously which address effectively the situation of domestic violence. 2- The thesis identifies three main development trends in the world affecting state management of domestic violence prevention and control: (i) the impact of international integration, especially the impact of cultural integration on Vietnam’s traditional family culture; The impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution has changed the management methods, traditional trading methods, especially with the development of high-tech industries and online trading forms, which increased unemployment risks due to low starting point of development in Vietnam, agricultural production is predominant; (ii) the widening gap between the rich and the poor, especially in rural areas, island border areas, and areas with large ethnic minorities, increases the risk of conflicts in Vietnamese families; (ii) Impacts of natural disasters and epidemics. 25 CONCLUSION The dissertation’s findings, together with other studies, reinforce scientific and practical arguments confirming the position, role and importance of domestic violence prevention in effective management of domestic violence, meeting gender equality and social justice requirements, ensuring security and order towards the goal of building a happy family and sustainable socio-economic development of the country. In order for domestic violence prevention work to meet the requirements of international integration, the impact of the fourth industrial revolution and the trend of widening the gap between rich and poor, objective reality is urgently needed to raise the effectiveness of the state management of domestic violence prevention and control and the attention of the international community to the protection of human rights and gender equality. Important awareness, effective and appropriate actions for domestic violence prevention to be effective and critical to the successful implementation of the nation’s sustainable development goals and millennium development goals of the United Nations.. 1- The thesis has achieved the set objectives: a) An overview of the research situation in chapter 1 has identified the research framework of the state management topic on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam, which basically summarizes the research results of Vietnam and some typical results of the world on domestic violence prevention work to provide theoretical and practical basis for the research of the thesis. b) Systematize the theoretical basis of state management on domestic violence prevention and control on the following contents: (i) 2 due to the decisive role of the family for socio-economic development and from the inherent social function of the State, the Ph.D candidate has chosen "State management of prevention and control of domestic violence in Vietnam” as a Thesis of Public Management. The dissertation is topical and urgent in theory and practice in the context of international integration to realize the goal of sustainable national development, building a happy family and prosperous society with the view of "taking prevention as major in the fight to prevent and reverse domestic violence”, contributing to improving the work of state management of domestic violence in Vietnam today. 2. Research aims and tasks 2.1. Research aims: The research aim of the thesis is to propose solutions to improve state management of domestic violence in Vietnam based on the study of theoretical and practical issues of state management of domestic violence in Vietnam. 2.2. Research tasks: Firstly, conducting research on domestic and foreign research works that are directly related to the topic of the thesis, pointing out the issues that have been solved by the thesis that can inherit and identify the Thesis problems need to be solved. Secondly, studying theoretical issues on state management of domestic violence prevention, namely analyzing and clarifying the concepts, characteristics, roles, content of state management, factors affecting state management of domestic violence prevention. Thirdly, analyzing and assessing the situation of state management of domestic violence prevention, identifying results, limitations and causes in 3 order to have grounds for proposing solutions to improve the work of state management of domestic violence prevention and control. Fourthly, identify the views and propose major solutions to improve the state management of domestic violence in Vietnam today. 3. Research subject and scope 3.1. Research subjects The thesis focuses on researching state management activities on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam. 3.2. Research scope - Regarding content: Research on state management of domestic violence prevention, focusing on violence against women and children in the family. - Duration: period 2008 - 2018 (since the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control). - Research space: State management activities on domestic violence prevention and control in Hanoi, Thua Thien - Hue and Dak Nong provinces. 4. Research questions and research hypotheses 4.1. Research question - How should the theoretical awareness of the concept, characteristics, content and role of state management of violence prevention and control in Vietnam be? - What factors have an impact on the effectiveness of state management of domestic violence prevention and the current status of these factors in Vietnam? 24 CONCLUSION OF CHAPTER 4 Domestic violence is a sensitive cultural and social issue, directly related to the rights and legitimate interests of family members, especially women, children and the elderly. Prevention and control of domestic violence are also the most important way to protect family happiness, build a cultural family, and make an important contribution towards the nation's goal of sustainable development. In the context of international integration, the impact of the fourth industrial revolution, the increasing gap between the rich and the poor and the impact of natural disasters and epidemics. In particular, the severe impact of the SAR-Covid 2019 epidemic requires that the state management of domestic violence should continue to be strengthened, improved in effectiveness and efficiency, focusing on important solutions such as: (i ) Enhancing the innovation of the communication and dissemination of legal education in order to unify awareness in the prevention of domestic violence; (ii) Improve the system and policies of state management of domestic violence prevention and control; (iii) Strengthen the state management apparatus and resources on family violence prevention; (iv) Improve the coordination effectiveness of mass organizations in the prevention of domestic violence; (v) Improve the operational efficiency of domestic violence prevention and control models; (vi) Improve the coordination effectiveness of mass organizations in the prevention of domestic violence; (vii) Enhance international cooperation on domestic violence prevention and control. 23 4.3.1. Strengthen the innovation of communication and education on legal education to unify awareness in the prevention and control of domestic violence. 4.3.2. Complete policies and laws on state management of domestic violence prevention and control. 4.3.3. Consolidate the apparatus and resources of state management of domestic violence prevention and control. 4.3.3.1. Strengthen the apparatus and stabilize the organization on domestic violence prevention and control. 4.3.3.2. Improve the quality of the contingent of cadres, civil servants and public employees working at the grassroots level. 4.3.3.3. Ensure adequate and reasonable allocation of financial resources to implement interventions in service of domestic violence prevention and control. 4.3.4. Improve the effectiveness of inspection, examination, and settlement of complaints and denunciations and handle violations in the prevention and control of domestic violence. 4.3.5. Improve the operational efficiency of domestic violence prevention and control models. 4.3.6. Improve the coordination effectiveness of mass organizations in the prevention of domestic violence. 4.3.7. Strengthen international cooperation on domestic violence prevention and control. 4 - How is state management activities on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam? Appropriate or not consistent with the awareness of the objectives, characteristics, roles, subjects, content, forms of state management of domestic violence as well as the requirements that state management of domestic violence in Vietnam is moving towards? - Improving the effectiveness of the state management of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam now from what points of view and what measures should be taken to implement those views? 4.2. Research hypotheses - The concept of state management of domestic violence prevention has been basically shaped but the role and content of state management of domestic violence prevention and control have not been clearly defined and analyzed. This is greatly affecting the accurate identification of the requirements of state management activities on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam. - There are many subjective and objective factors affecting the state management of domestic violence, affecting its effectiveness and effectiveness, but the ability of impact of such factors has not been fully identified, some other factors are being understand and apply incorrectly. Therefore, the impact of these factors is going in an adverse direction, negatively affecting the effectiveness of state management of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam. - The state management of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam has achieved certain results, contributing to the realization of the Party and State's guidelines and social policies. However, besides, the system of legal documents on domestic violence prevention and practice of state 5 management of domestic violence prevention still has many shortcomings and limitations due to many objective and subjective reasons. - The viewpoints and solutions applied in the past time are not really appropriate and lack the comprehensiveness. Some solutions have not been implemented due to inadequate awareness, others lack feasibility due to the lack of assurance conditions. 5. Methodology and research methods 5.1. Methodology 5.2. Research Methods 5.2.1. Document review method 5.2.2. Methods of processing and analyzing statistics are available 5.2.3. Practical research method through sociological investigation 5.2.3.1. Quantitative survey (survey via questionnaires) (a) Information collectors (b) Study site and study sample (c) Time and method of information collection (d) Methods of analysis and data processing 5.2.3.2. Qualitative survey (a) Method of in-depth interviews with target groups of cadres, civil servants and public employees working on state management of domestic violence prevention and control (b) Expert method 22 4.2. Background impacts on state management of prevention and control of domestic violence 4.2.1. Impact of international integration and the 4th industrial revolution 4.2.2 Difference between rich and poor 4.4.3. Impact of natural disasters and epidemics 4.3. Complete solutions for state management of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam 21 CHAPTER 4 VIEWPOINTS AND EFFICIENCY ENHANCEMENT SOLUTIONS, STATE MANAGEMENT EFFICIENCY ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN VIETNAM 4.1. Point of views, orientations and goals to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of state management of domestic violence prevention and control. 4.1.1. Thoroughly grasp the Party's views in order to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of state management of domestic violence prevention and control Firstly, strengthening the propaganda, dissemination and education of legislation on domestic violence prevention and control. Second, resolutely fight and strictly handle violations of domestic violence. Third, domestic violence prevention and control is associated with the exercise of equal rights for women and children. Fourthly, promote the role of party members in domestic violence and control. 4.1.2. Orientations to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of state management of domestic violence prevention and control 4.1.3. The objective of strengthening the effectiveness and efficiency of state management of domestic violence prevention and control a) General objectives: b) Specific objectives: 6 6. New scientific contributions of the thesis - Systematize research positions on state management of domestic violence prevention. Based on that, the thesis discovered theoretical and practical issues on domestic violence prevention and control which need to be further researched and pointed out the direction of proposing solutions for state management of domestic violence prevention and control, improving the effectiveness of state management of domestic violence prevention in Vietnam currently. - Giving ideas about domestic violence; Domestic violence prevention and control on domestic violence prevention, identification of contents, characteristics, roles and criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of state management effectiveness in family violence prevention and control; - Clarify the impact and influence of a number of factors (objective and subjective) on the effectiveness of state management activities on domestic violence prevention and control; - Analyze the actual situations of state management of domestic violence prevention and practice of implementation of contents of state management on domestic violence prevention and control. Assess the advantages, limitations and causes of advantages and limitations in state management of domestic violence in Vietnam today. - Identify guiding views and propose some solutions to actualize the views to improve the effectiveness of state management of domestic violence prevention and control. Solutions related to raising awareness, improving the law and implementing the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control, ensuring the operational efficiency of domestic violence models; Strengthen the state management resources on 7 domestic violence prevention and control, inter-sectoral coordination and coordination between state management agencies and social and political organizations in domestic violence prevention; Strengthen inspection, examination, and settlement of complaints and denunciations; Strengthening international integration in domestic violence and raising the people's legal awareness ... which are new and feasible. 7. The meaning of the thesis The thesis contributes to standardize the theoretical awareness about state management of domestic violence prevention and control, improve the responsibility of the state and society in the state management activities on domestic violence prevention and control, promote the effectiveness of domestic violence models ..., thereby strengthening the human values of Vietnamese society today. The thesis research results can be applied in developing legislative measures related to domestic violence in Vietnam, applied in the organization and operation of state management agencies in domestic violence from central to local levels. The thesis is also a useful reference for managers, policymakers about domestic violence prevention and can be used for research and teaching in domestic training institutions. 8. The structure of the thesis - Chapter 1. Overview of research situation and issues related to the thesis topic - Chapter 2. Scientific base of state management of domestic violence prevention and control 20 mobilizing financial resources, experience and expertise to improve the capacity of staff in implementing Domestic Violence Prevention and Control and the people's awareness. 19 CONCLUSION OF CHAPTER 3 Domestic violence is an urgent and topical social problem, causing serious consequences to the health and psychology of victims of domestic violence, thereby having a great impact on the security and order in the locality. Negative impact on the nation's socio-economic development. The state management of domestic violence prevention and control has achieved certain results, contributing to improving the effectiveness of domestic violence prevention and control. However, in order to improve the effectiveness of state management of domestic violence in the context of the 4th industrial revolution, the following major contents should be focused on: a) Early amendment and supplementation of the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control in 2007 to suit the relevant laws and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals to ensure uniformity in the implementation of regulations. of the law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control. b) Review and supplement policies to prevent domestic violence, policies to support and protect victims of domestic violence effectively, especially applying and operating models to prevent domestic violence. c) Continuing to raise awareness of the whole society, especially of the management agencies, on the importance of domestic violence prevention and control in building a happy family and in ensuring security and order in the locality and this is one of the important tasks of the state management work towards the goal of "rich people, strong country, fair and civilized society". d) Strengthening international cooperation to improve the legal system in accordance with international practices and commitments, 8 - Chapter 3. State management situation on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam - Chapter 4. Viewpoints and solutions to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of state management of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam 9 CHAPTER 1 OVERVIEW OF THE RESEARCH SITUATION AND ISSUES RELATED TO THE THESIS THEME 1.1. Overview of research situation 1.1.1. Domestic and foreign scientific works related to domestic violence and domestic violence prevention and control 1.1.1.1. Studies on forms of domestic violence 1.1.1.2. Studies on the causes and consequences of domestic violence 1.1.2. Domestic and foreign scientific works related to state management of domestic violence prevention and control 1.1.2.1. Scientific researches on the theoretical basis for state management of domestic violence prevention and control 1.1.2.2. Scientific researches on organizing the implementation of prevention and control of domestic violence 1.2. General comment 1.2.1. General comment 1.2.2. Issues related to state management of domestic violence prevention and control have studied the inherited and developed thesis. 1.2.3. Issues related to state management on domestic violence prevention and control but have not been resolved, there are still many debates and problems. 1.2.3.1. About the theory 18 3.2.3.2. Actual situation of models of domestic violence prevention and control 3.2.4. Inspecting, examining and settling complaints and denunciations and handling violations in the prevention and combat of domestic violence 3.2.5. International cooperation on the prevention of domestic violence and control 3.3. General assessment 3.3.1. Results 3.3.2. Limitations and causes 3.3.2.1. Limitations 3.3.2.2. The cause of the limitations 17 CHAPTER 3 STATUS OF STATE MANAGEMENT OVER PREVENTING, FIGHTING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN VIETNAM TODAY 3.1. Situation on domestic violence in Vietnam 3.1.1. Levels and forms of domestic violence 3.1.2. Causes of domestic violence in Vietnam 3.1.3. Consequences of domestic violence in Vietnam 3.1.4. General comment 3.2. State management practice on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam 3.2.1. Formulating and promulgating policies and laws on domestic violence prevention and control 3.2.2. Organize the apparatus and resources of state management of domestic violence prevention and control 3.2.2.1. Organize the state management apparatus on domestic violence prevention and control 3.2.2.2. Human resources carry out the state management of domestic violence prevention and control 3.2.2.3. Investing and supporting financial resources in preventing and combating domestic violence 3.2.3. Implementing and implementing domestic violence prevention and control activities 3.2.3.1. Organizing, implementing communication, education and advocacy for behavior change activities to domestic violence prevention 10 1.2.3.2. About the situation 1.2.3.3. About solutions and recommendations 1.2.4. The issues raised need further research 11 CONCLUSION OF CHAPTER 1 Domestic violence prevention and control has attracted research interests of many scientists and practical activities in vietnam. The initial studies have achieved remarkable results. Published researches on this issue shed some light on the theoretical and practical issues of domestic violence and domestic violence prevention and control. However, compared to the research on domestic violence prevention in general, the number of research on domestic violence prevention and control and state management on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam is still very small. Studies on domestic violence prevention and control, state management of domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam have been published mainly at the level and on a small scale, so only mention a few issues and explain a general content. Meanwhile, there has been almost no research conducted abroad on domestic violence prevention and control, state management on domestic violence prevention and control in Vietnam. From the general survey of the research situation related to the topic, it can be seen that there are many theoretical and practical issues that the thesis needs to clarify. In particular, it revolves around the peculiarities of state management activities on domestic violence prevention and control. these are contents that have not been noticed by other authors, so this will be the main research direction of the dissertation's thesis. By clarifying the contents of state management of domestic violence in Vietnam, the thesis will analyze and assess the status of domesti

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