Bài tập tiếng anh 12 - Unit 14: Internationa Olrganizations

Choose the best that can complete the following.

1. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) _______ that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

a. it is a specialized agency in the United Nations

b. as it is a specialized agency by the United Nations

c. is a specialized agency of the United Nations

d. a specialized agency of the United Nations

2. _______, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy.

a. Serving both developed and developing countries

b. Although it serves both developed and developing countries

c. Served both developed and developing countries

d. As it was served both developed ,and developing countries

3. FAO helps developing countries to improve agriculture, forestry and fishery practices, _______.

a. as though it ensures good nutrition and food security for all

 

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exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt. a. put on b. went off c. got out d. kept up Error Identification UNICEF uses the term 'child protection' to refer for preventing and A B C (to) responding to violence, exploitation and abuse against children and teenagers. D UNICEF's child protection programs also aim at those children who are A B C uniquely vulnerable to the abuses, so as when living without parental D (such as) care, in remote areas, or in very poor family. Violations of the child's right to protection take place in every country A B C and be massive. D (are) Children subjected to violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect are in A B (at) C risk of death, poor physical and mental health, HIV/AIDS infection, and educational problems. D Among many other program, UNICEF also supports the international A B C D Child Rights Information Network. (programs) Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. On Monday, May 12, 2008 a violent earthquake, measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale, happened in southwestern China's Sichuan Province. Hundreds of aftershocks followed in the area. The earthquake destroyed thousands buildings, roads, schools and hospitals, as well as infrastructure like communication networks and electrical towers. Thousands of people died or are missing, and more than 45 million people were affected by the earthquake, which has been the worst natural disaster to hit China for 30 years. The American Red Cross has contributed $20 million to support the relief and recovery efforts of the Red Cross Society of China. These funds will be used to assist survivors through the purchase and distribution of relief supplies, coordination of logistics and transportation of disaster workers to the hardest hit areas. The American Red Cross has also sent relief experts to the affected area to help monitor and coordinate the response efforts. On June 6, the American Red Cross co-hosted a forum to address the U.S. response and recovery efforts following the earthquake. More than 30 representatives from humanitarian organizations, the business companies and the government participated in the event. More than 35,000 staff and volunteers with the Red Cross Society of China responded to the disaster by distributing food, water, tents and other essential items. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies are providing 100,000 tents to help those in need. The Red Cross Society of China is a very strong organization with extensive experience responding to disasters. The American Red Cross has long history of working with the Red Cross Society of China, going to back to famines in 1906 and including severe storms earlier this year. There has been a close contact between the Red Cross Society of China and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, arid they have been ready to provide additional support such as disaster workers, relief supplies or financial assistance. Concerned family and friends in the United States may have difficulty contacting their loved ones because telecommunication has been out of work by this disaster. If they are trying to reach relatives living in China or those who are citizens of China, the American Red Cross suggests them keep calling or try contacting other family members who live nearby. The earthquake on May 12, 2008 in China _______. a. left no aftershocks b. destroyed everything except communication networks c. caused no human loss d. had effects on more than 45 million people According to the second paragraph, _______. a. the American Red Cross helped the Red Cross Society of China to recover from the earthquake b. the American Red Cross owed the Red Cross Society of China $20 million c. the victims of the earthquake were not helped to buy necessary things d. disaster workers were not sent to the hardest hit areas because of the aftershocks Which sentence is not true? a. There are more than 30 representatives from humanitarian organizations, the business companies and the government in the US helping the Chinese earthquake victims. b. The American government did not do anything to help the earthquake victims in China. c. The American Red Cross has contributed $20 million to help the earthquake victims in China. d. The American Red Cross has also sent relief experts to help the earthquake victims in China. Which is not mentioned about the Red Cross Society of China? a. It is a strong organization. b. It gets on well with the American Red Cross. c. It supplied the earthquake victims a lot of things except tents. d. It has extensive experience responding to disasters. After the earthquakes _______. a. it has been difficult to contact with the resident in the ,attacked area b. the American Red Cross advised people not to keep contact with the victims c. contacting with the victims was not a problem d. everything has been in order soon Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. The United Nations Children's Fund, or UNICEF, was (41) _____ by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946, to provide emergency Food and (42) _____ to children in 'countries that had been devastated by World War II. In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System and its name was shortened from the (43) _____ United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund but it has continued to be known by the popular acronym based on this old name. (44) _____ in New York City, UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to' children and mother in developing countries. UNICEF is currently focused (45) _____ five primary priorities: Child Survival and Development, Basic Education and Gender Equality, including girl's education, Child protection from (46) _____, exploitation, and abuse, HIV/AIDS and children, and Policy advocacy and partnerships for children's rights. Related areas of UNICEF action include early childhood development, adolescence development and participation; life skills based education and child rights all over the world. A (47) _____ funded agency, UNICEF relies on contributions from governments and private (48) _____. Its programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. Recently, UNICEF has begun partnerships with world-class athletes and teams to promote the organization's work and to (49) _____ funds. UNICEF greeting cards are sold worldwide to support efforts on behalf of children creating a better world where children are happy, healthy and live in dignity. UNICEF selects suitable paintings for reproduction from contemporary artists. Total income to UNICEF for 2006 was $2,781,000,000. UNICEF was (50) _____ the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 and Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006. UNICEF is present in 190 countries and territories around the world. a. taken off b. set up c. paid on d. pushed back a. instrument b. projects c. work d. healthcare a. original b. ancestor c. old d. relatives a. Managed b. Led c. Headquartered d. Committed a. at b. with c. on d. in a. violence b. fun c. excitement d. entertainment a. volunteer b. volunteered c. voluntary d. voluntarily a. persons b. patients c. donors d. victims a. rise b. raise c. lift d. heighten a. complimented b. awarded c. won d. taken TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. a. catastrophe b. propose c. become d. survive a. treatment b. struggle c. initiate d. total a. symbol b. emergency c. poverty d. qualify a. appalled b. dedicated c. designed d. injured a. society b. delegate c. president d. protection Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. She sustained severe head _______ after being thrown from her horse. a. injure b. injured c. injuries d. injurious According to World Bank figures, 41 per cent of Brazilians live in absolute _______. a. poor b. poorer c. poorly d. poverty Up until the middle of the 19th century, there were no _______ and well established army nursing systems for casualties. a. organize b. organized c. organizational d. organizers The AIDS _______ continues to spread around the world. Up to 4,000 people are infected with the HIV virus every single day. a. treatment b. epidemic c. tsunami d. damage During World War II, the Red Cross organized relief assistance for _______ and wounded soldiers and administered the exchange of messages regarding prisoners and missing persons. a. civilians b. governments c. authorities d. members A _______ is a very large wave, often caused by an earthquake, that flows onto the land and destroys things. a. famine b. catastrophe c. tsunami d. flood By the end of World War II, 179 _______ of the Red Cross had conducted 12,750 visits to POW (prisoner of war) camps in 41 countries. a. conferences b. symbols c. missions d. delegates We oppose this war, as we would do any other war which created an environmental catastrophe. a. pollution b. disaster c. convention d. epidemic The first relief assistance mission organized by the League was an aid mission for the _______ of a famine and subsequent typhus epidemic in Poland. a. leaders b. authorities c. victims d. organizers The 1923 earthquake in Japan killed about 200,000 people and left countless wounded and homeless. a. poor b. imprisoned c. suffered d. injured In 2004 more than 40 national societies have worked with more than 22,000 _______ to bring relief to the countless victims of the earthquake. a. actions b. volunteers c. founders d. nations The International Red Cross works as _______ impartial, neutral, and independent organization. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø In 2005 _______ budget of the ICRC amounts to about 970 million Swiss Francs. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is _______ world’s largest humanitarian network. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø They had to delay their trip because of the bad weather. a. get through b. put off c. keep up with d. go over It took me a very long time to recover from the shock of her death. a. turn off b. take on c. get over d. keep up with He did not particularly want to play any competitive sport. a. use up b. do with c. take up d. go on I am tired because I went to bed late last night. a. stayed up b. kept off c. put out d. brought up She got _______ her car to pick _______ some wild flowers. a. from / on b. in / at c. off / up d. out / for The customer had tried ____ some blouses but none of them suited her. a. at b. with c. in d. on If I get this report finished I will knock _______ early and go to the pub for some drink. a. up b. over c. on d. off Boy! _______ away all your toys and. go to bed right now. a. Come b. Lie c. Put d. Sit I have been trying to ring him up all day and I could not ______ through. a. get b. take c. look d. hang The water supply of the building was ______ off because the pipes burst. a. handed b. held c. cut d. paid How are you _______ on with your work? - It is OK. a. calling b. getting c. laying d. looking Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. Mary says that when her drugs budget was exhausted she turned to the Swedish Red Cross. a. Mary says that she was tired with the voluntary work for the Swedish Red Cross. b. Mary says that she gave all her money to the Swedish Red Cross. c. Mary says that the money she bought drugs was given to the Swedish Red Cross. d. Mary says that when she ran out of money for her drugs, she asked the Swedish Red Cross for help. I find it difficult to get rid of my smoking habit. a. As for me, stopping my smoking habit is quite difficult. b. I have difficulty smoking cigarettes. c. My smoking habit has caused me a lot of difficulties. d. I will quit smoking someday. You can look up this word in the dictionary. a. There are a lot of words in the dictionary for you to look at. b. You can find the meaning of this word in the dictionary. c. The dictionary contains a lot of words except the one you need. d. You should buy this dictionary to find the word you need. That car is beyond my means. a. That car is cheap enough for me to buy. b. That car is too expensive for me to buy. c. I am really interested in that car. d. I really do not like that car. The doctor advised Mr. Pike to take up a new hobby. a. The doctor said, "A new hobby is not good for Mr. Pike." b. The doctor wanted Mr. Pike not to have any new hobby. c. The doctor said, "You should start a new hobby, Mr. Pike." d. The doctor said to Mr. Pike, "You should stop your present hobby." Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization for the conservation, research, and restoration of the environment, which remains its official name in the United States and Canada. It is the, world's largest independent conservation organization with over 5 million supporters worldwide, working in more than 90 countries, supporting 100 conservation and environmental projects around the world. It is a charity, with approximately 9% of its funding coming from voluntary donations by private individuals and businesses. The group says its main mission is "to halt and reverse the destruction of our environment". Currently, much of its work focuses on the conservation of three biomes that contain most of the world's biodiversity: forests, freshwater ecosystems, oceans, and coasts. Among other issues, it is also concerned with endangered species, pollution, and climate change. The organization runs more than 20 field projects worldwide in any given year. The organization was formed as a charity trust on' 11 September, 1961, in Morges, in Switzerland, under the name World Wildlife Fund. It was an initiative of Julian Huxley and Max Nicholson. Since its appearance the organization has conserved the world's fauna, flora, forests, landscape, water, soils and other natural resources by the management of land, research and investigation, and publicity, coordination of efforts, cooperation with other interested parties and all other appropriate means. In the last few years, the organization set up offices and operations around the world. The initial focus of its activities was the protection of endangered species. As more resources became available, its operations expanded into other areas such as the preservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of natural resources, and the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international organization, which were formed and managed by the governments of the United States and Canada. a. True b. False c. No information The main mission of the organization is "to halt and reverse the destruction of our environment". a. True b. False c. No information The fund of the organization is mainly supported by the governments of the United States and Canada. a. True b. False c. No information The World Wide Fund for Nature designed a project to change the present climate. a. True b. False c. No information The organization has established offices and operations around the world. a. True b. False c. No information Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. UNICEF (The United Nations Children’s Fund) is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the (41) _____ of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and (42) _____ to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of (43) _____ towards children. UNICEF (44) _____ that the survival, protection and development of children are universal development. UNICEF mobilizes political will and material (45) _____ to help countries, particularly developing countries, ensure a "first call for children" and to, build their capacity to form appropriate policies and (46) _____ services for children and their families. VNICEF is committed to ensuring special protection for (47) _____ most disadvantaged children - victims of war, disasters, extreme poverty, all forms of violence and (48) _____ and those with disabilities. UNICEF responds in emergencies to protect the rights of children. In coordination with United Nations partners and humanitarian agencies, UNICEF makes its unique facilities for rapid response available to its partners to (49) _____ the suffering of children and those who provide their care. UNICEF is non-partisan and its cooperation is free from discrimination. In everything it does, the most disadvantaged children and the countries in greatest need have priority. UNICEF (50) _____, through its country programs, to promote the equal rights of women and girls and to support their full participation in the political, social, and economic development of their communities. a. protest b. destruction c. protection d. achievement a. admits b. suggests c. adopts d. tries a. poverty b. behavior c. medicine d. injure a. insists b. devotes c. treats d. mounts a. sources b. mines c. budgets d. funds a. care b. appeal c. supply d. react a. a b. an c. the d. Ø a. exploit b. exploited c. exploiter d. exploitation a. rise b. relieve c. increase d. lower a. throws b. looks c. aims d. points TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. a. disaster b. prisoner c. agency d. family a. international b. federation c. society d. dedication a. catastrophe b. emergency c. conventional d. vulnerable a. suffering b. president c. protection d. conference a. involve b. propose c. improve d. soldier Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. All payments to the ICRC are _______ and are received as donations. a. volunteer b. voluntary c. voluntarily d. voluntariness The Red Cross organizes and leads relief assistance missions after ______, such as natural disasters, man-made disasters, and epidemics. a. emergent b. emergencies c. emergently d. emergence One of the tasks of the Red Cross is also to support local _ care projects. a. health b. healthy c. healthful d. healthily The World Health Organization is the United Nations specialized agency for _______ health. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø The International Red Cross started over 135 years, inspired by _______ Swiss businessman, Jean Henri Dunant. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø When was _______ United Nations established? a. a b. an c. the d. Ø One of the core tasks of the Red Cross is to organize nursing and _____ for those who are wounded on the battlefield. a. care b. attention c. victim d. catastrophe The International Red Cross and Red Crescent _______ occurs once every four years. a. Globe b. Society c. Conference d. Nations The mission of the Red Cross is also to supervise the _______ of prisoners of war. a. education b. encouragement c. treatment d. runaway The total number of national Red Cross societies from all over the world has mounted to 186. a. protected b. devoted c. increased d. aimed Henri Davison, president of the American Red Cross war Committee proposed forming a federation of these National Societies. a. took b. dedicated c. carried d. suggested Fifty per cent of road accidents results in head injuries. a. examines b. heals c. causes d. treats Jean Henri Dunant was appalled by the almost complete lack of care for wounded soldiers. a. dedicated b. shocked c. interested d. excited The mission statement of the International Movement as formulated in the "Strategy 2010" document of the Federation is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. a. weak and unprotected b. wealthy and famous c. poor and disabled d. deaf and mute Did your son pass the university entrance examination? a. make up b. get along c. go up d. get through What may happen if John will not arrive in time? a. go along b. count on c. keep away d. turn up Johnny sometimes visits his grandparents in the countryside. a. calls on b. keeps off c. takes in d. goes up They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic. a. take up b. turn round c. put off d. do with The stranger came ___ me and asked, "Is there a post office near here?" a. on to b. away from c. out of d. up to Frankly speaking, your daughter does not take _______ you at all. a. after b. along c. up d. over She is not really friendly. She does not get on well ____ her classmates. a. from b. with c. for d. to I would be grateful if you kept the news _______ yourself. Do not tell anyone about it. a. from b. to c. for d. at I do not use those things any more. You can _______ them away. a. get b. fall c. throw d. make They were late for work because their car _______ down. a. got b. put c. cut d. broke The authority _______ down that building to build a supermarket. a. knocked b. came c. went d. fell Choose the best that can complete the following. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) _______ that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. a. it is a specialized agency in the United Nations b. as it is a specialized agency by the United Nations c. is a specialized agency of the United Nations d. a specialized agency of the United Nations _______, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. a. Serving both developed and developing countries b. Although it serves both developed and developing countries c. Served both developed and developing countries d. As it was served both developed ,and developing countries FAO helps developing countries to improve agriculture, forestry and fishery practices, _______. a. as though it ensures good nutrition and food security for all b. but it ensures good nutrition and food security for all c. for ensuring good nutrition and food security for all d. and ensure good nutrition and food security for all FAO was founded on 16 October, 1945 in Quebec, Canada, _______. a. In 1951 when its headquarters were moved to Rome, Italy b. Since its headquarters were moved to Rome, Italy, in 1951 c. In 1951 its headquarters were moved to Rome, Italy d. Its headquarters moved in 1951 to Rome; Italy _______, which meets every two years to review the work carried out by the organization and approve a Program of Work and Budget for the next biennium. a. Governed by the Conference of Member Nations, FAO b. FAO is governed by the Conference of Member Nations c. FAO, it is governed by the Conference of Member Nations d. Because FAO governed by the Conference of Member Nations Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April, 1948, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health Organization. The WHO's constitution, states that its objective is "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health." Its major task is to combat diseases, especially key infectious diseases, and to promote the general health of the people of the world. The WHO also sponsors programs to prevent and treat serious epidemics such as SARS, malaria, and AIDS. The WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs. After over 2 decades of fighting smallpox, the WHO declared in 1980 that the disease had been eradicated - the first disease in history to be eliminated by human effort. The WHO is nearing success in developing vaccines against malaria and aims to eradicate polio within the next few years. The organization has already endorsed the world's first official HIV/AIDS Tool kit for Zimbabwe making it an international standard. In addition to its work in eradicating disease, the WHO also carries out various health-related campaigns, for example, to boost the consumption of fruits and vegetables worldwide and to discourage tobacco use. Experts met at the WHO headquarters in Geneva in February, 2007, and reported that their work on pandemic influenza vaccine development had achieved encouraging progress. More than 4

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