Đề ôn luyện thi học sinh giỏi tiếng Anh 12

72. The publisher John Newbery is principally known for which of the following reasons?

A He produced and sold books written by Maria Edgeworth.

B He had more influence on children American children's literature than any other publisher

C He published books aimed at amusing children rather than instructing them.

D He was commercially minded and cheerful.

73. The word "notwithstanding" in line 7 is closest in meaning to

A in spite of B in addition to C as a result of D as a part of

74. The word "they" in line 9 refers to

A children B Americans C books D vehicles

75. The word "allay" in line 11 is closest in meaning to

A. clarify B attack C. reduce D confirm

76. It can be inferred from the passage that American children's books sold before 1785 were almost always

A written by Maria Edgeworth

B attractive and interesting to children

C written by American authors

D intended only for religious and moral instruction

 

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Hung Yen Specialized High School Name:..................................... Class: .................................... English Test for gifted students grade 12th ( Time allowed: 120 minutes) SECTION 1: LISTENING Question 1- 5 Listen to the conversation and complete the notes below, using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS in each space. Napoleon was born in 1769 on the island of Corsia. When he was ten, his father sent him to a (1)______ school. Napoleon w8as not a brilliant student but he excelled in (2)______ and military service. When he was 16 years old, he joined the French army. His military –brought him fame, power and riches. He became a (3)______ when he was only 24 and a few years later he became (4)______ of France. His coronation ceremony was at Notre Dame on (5)______ Napoleon won many military victories because his soldiers were ready to die for him. He was a great military leader. Question 6-10 Indicate whether the following statements are true or not by writing: T for a statement which is true; F for a statement which is false; N if the information is not given 6. Napoleon controlled all of Europe at one time 7. Austria and Russia fought fiercely against Napoleon, but England did not 8. Napoleon lost most of his soldiers when he attacked England 9. Napoleon died before he reached the age of fifty-two 10. He was married when he was very young. SECTION 2: VOCABULARY Question 11-20: Choose the word or phrase that is the best synonym for the underlined word in each sentence. Write your answers in your answer sheet. 11. Dr. Jones suggested that final examinations should be discontinued, an innovation I heartily support. A. entrance B. change C. inner part D. test 12. His new yatch is certainly an ostentatious display of his wealth. A. ossified B. showy C. large D. expensive 13. I’d rather stay in a hotel with all the amenities than camp in the woods A. conveniences B. friends C. expenses D. sports 14. He inherited a lucrative business from his father. A. lucid B. wealthy C. losing D. profitable 15. A domineering husband, he is the stereotype of a male chauvinist. A. musician B. fixed conception C. disagreeable type D. opposite 16. The hurricane caused great havoc in the islands. A. winds B. treatment C. destruction D. immersion 17. It is said that you can intimidate your enemies by speaking in a low voice and carrying a big stick. A. frighten B. attack C. harass D. make peace with 18. A computer may be used in the math classroom to implement the lesson. A. implant B. learn C. entreat D. carry out 19. Studying vocabulary can be an irksome task. A. easy B. pleasant C. tedious D. irate 20. The passengers on the boat were mesmerized by the motion of the sea. A. paralyzed B. hypnotized C. nauseated D. voiced Question 21-30: Give the correct form if the words in brackets. Dark black clouds in a dull sky meant one thing and one thing only: there was going to be a (21.thunder)….. Not one of us had brought an umbrella, or even a (22.rain)……. So when Jack suggested we should go to a museum, we all agreed immediately. As we had been (23. shop)………all morning we were now feeling very tired, it would be a (24. pleasant)………...to sit down. We took a bus and arrived just as large shops of rain were beginning to fall. The museum was quite (25.desert)……and very peaceful. We sat down in the main hall and listened to the rain (26. beat)…….against the windows. Suddenly, there was a great (27. disturb)……..at the (28. enter)……… a large party of schoolboys were (29. lead) ………in by a teacher. The poor man was trying to keep them quiet and threatening to punish them, but they did not pay the (30.slight)……. attention Question 31-40: Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word. Vitamins are substances required for the proper functioning of the body. In this century, thirteen vitamins have been (31)………… A lack of any vitamins in a person’s body can cause illness. In some cases, an excess of vitamins can also (32)…………to illness. For example, sailors in the past were prone to (33)…………from scurvy that is a disease resulting from the lack of vitamin C. It causes bleeding of the gum, loss of teeth and skin rashes. Sailors suffer from scurvy because they did not eat fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables (34)…………vitamin C which is necessary for good (35)………… Vitamin B complex is composed of eight different vitamins. A lack of any of these vitamins will lead to different (36)…………For instance, a person who has too little vitamin B1 will suffer from beri-beri, a disease that causes heart problems and mental (37)…………A lack of vitamin B2 results in eye and skin problems while deficiency of vitamin B6 causes problems of the nervous system. Too little vitamin B12 will cause anemia. The (38)…………that vitamin deficiencies caused certain diseases led doctors to cure people suffering from these illnesses by giving them doses of the (39)……...vitamins. Today, vitamins are (40)…………in the form of pills and can easily be bought at any pharmacy. SECTION 3: GRAMMAR Question 41-50: The passage below contains 10grammatical or spelling mistakes. Underline the mistakes and correct them in the answer sheet. Since the early 19th century, the number of published accounts of the openning of the American West has risen into the thousands. The greatest concentration of recorded experience and observation came out of the thirty year period between 1860 and 1890, an incredible era of violense greed, audacity and sentimentality. During that time, the culture and way of life of the American Indian was destroyed and out of that time came virtually all the great tails of the American West. Only occassionally was the voice of an Indian heard. Yet they are not all lost those Indian voices of the past. A few authentic accounts of this importan period of American history were recorded by Indians. Newspaper reporters frequently interviewed warriors and chiefs and gave them the oportunity to express their own opinions on what was happening. The quality of these interviews varied greatly, depending upon the wilingness of the Indians to speak freely or upon each interpreter’s ability. The Indians depended on imagery to express their thoughts. With a good interpreter, an Indians words could be made to sound poetic but with a poor interpreter, they might sound flat. 41…………………. 42………………….. 43…………………. 44………………….. 45………………….. 46………………….. 47………………….. 48………………….. 49………………….. 50………………….. Question 51-60: Fill each gap in the following sentences with one of the prepositions or particles in the box. Some of them may be used for more than once. with in to at from 51. Stability of government is beneficial…………..any nation. 52. His efforts have been crowned………..success. 53. Why should you be displeased……….the fun of the children? 54. These families are distinct…………..one another 55. I’m disgusted………the sight of the opium-smoking den 56. I feel very thankful……..my old friend for giving me this appointment 57. He showed himself sympathetic……….my difficulties. 58. Be temperate….speech as well as……….eating and drinking. 59. His illness has reduced him……a skeleton. 60. Rewards should be proportionate……..merit. Question 61-70: Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: Dear Ann, You (61. be) free to come to dinner here on Saturday next at 8.00? My brother Paul (62.come) and (bring) a friend of his called Tom Edwards. You (63.not meet) Tom but I think you (64.like) him. He is an assistant stage manager at the Gate Theatre and (65.be able) to tell you about the actors. Paul says Tom receives hardly any salary and often does not get enough to eat, so he (66.ask) me to have roast beef and Yorkshire pudding for dinner, with apple dumpling to follow. He probably (67.ring) up between now and Saturday, to say that it (68.be) a good idea to start with a substantial soup, such as oxtail! I know you do not usually eat heavy three-course meals of this type, but I hope the conversation will not be so heavy. Anyway, come if you can. Love Mary PS. The bus 14 (69.pass) the door as you probably remember, and Paul (70.give) you a lift home. SECTION 4: READING COMPREHENSION Question 71-80: After 1785, the production of children's books in the Untied States increased but remained largely reprints of British books, often those published by John Newbery, the first publisher to produce books aimed primarily at diverting a child audience. Ultimately, however, it was not the cheerful, commercial-minded Newbery, but Anglo-Irish author Maria Edgeworth who had the strongest influence on this period of American children's literature. The eighteenth century had seen a gradual shift away from the spiritual intensity of earlier American religious writings for children, toward a more generalized moralism. Newbery notwithstanding, Americans still looked on children's books as vehicles for instruction, not amusement, though they would accept a moderate amount of fictional entertainment for the sake of more successful instruction. As the children's book market expanded, then, what both public and publishers wanted was the kind of fiction Maria Edgeworth wrote: stories interesting enough to attract children and morally instructive enough to allay adult distrust of fiction, American reaction against imported books for children set in after the War of 1812 with the British. A wave of nationalism permeated everything, and the self-conscious new nation found foreign writings (particularly those from the British monarchy) unsuitable for the children of a democratic republic, a slate of self-governing, equal citizens. Publishers of children's books began to encourage American writers to write for American children. When they responded, the pattern established by Maria Edgeworth was at hand, attractive to most of them for both its rationalism and its high moral tone. Early in the 1820's, stories of willful children learning to obey, of careless children learning to take care, of selfish children learning to "tire for others," started to flow from American presses, successfully achieving Edgeworth's tone, though rarely her lively style. Imitative as they were, these early American stories wee quite distinguishable from their British counterparts. Few servants appeared in them, and if class distinctions had by no means disappeared, there was much democratic insistence on the worthiness of every level of birth and work. The characters of children in this fiction were serious, conscientious, self-reflective, and independent-testimony to the continuing influence of the earlier American moralistic tradition in children's books. 71. What does the passage mainly discuss? A The career of Maria Edgeworth as an author of children's books B The development of children's literature in the United States C Successful publishers of children's books in Britain and North America D Basic differences between British and American literature for children 72. The publisher John Newbery is principally known for which of the following reasons? A He produced and sold books written by Maria Edgeworth. B He had more influence on children American children's literature than any other publisher C He published books aimed at amusing children rather than instructing them. D He was commercially minded and cheerful. 73. The word "notwithstanding" in line 7 is closest in meaning to A in spite of B in addition to C as a result of D as a part of 74. The word "they" in line 9 refers to A children B Americans C books D vehicles 75. The word "allay" in line 11 is closest in meaning to A. clarify B attack C. reduce D confirm 76. It can be inferred from the passage that American children's books sold before 1785 were almost always A written by Maria Edgeworth B attractive and interesting to children C written by American authors D intended only for religious and moral instruction 77. By the end of the eighteenth century, the publishers of children’s books in the United States were most concerned about which of the following? A Attracting children with entertaining stories that provided lessons of correct behavior B Publishing literature consisting of exciting stories that would appeal to both children and adults C Expanding markets for books in both Britain and the United States D Reprinting fictional books from earlier in the century 78. The word "permeated" in line 15 is closest in meaning to: A opposed B improved C competed with D spread through 79. According to the passage, American children's stories differed from their British equivalents in that the characters in American stories were A children who showed a change of behavior B children who were well behaved C rarely servants D generally not from a variety of social classes 80. The word" testimony to" in line 28 is closest in meaning to: A inspiration for B evidence of C requirement for D development of Question 81-90 Lichens, probably the hardiest of all plants, live where virtually nothing else cannot just on rugged mountain peaks but also on sun baked desert rocks. They are usually the first life to appear on a mountainside that has been scraped bare by an avalanche. Unlike other members of the plant kingdom, lichens are actually a partnership between two plants. The framework of a lichen is usually a network of minute hairlike fungus that anchors the plant. The other component is an alga (similar to the green film of plant life that grows on stagnant pools) that is distributed throughout the fungus. Being green plants, algae are capable of photosynthesis--that is, using energy from the Sun to manufacture their own food. The fungi arc believed to supply water, minerals, and physical support to the partnership. Lichens are famous for their ability to survive from water shortage. When water is scarce (as is often the case on a mountain), lichens may become dormant and remain in that condition for prolonged periods of time. Some lichens can even grow where there is no rain at all, surviving on only occasional dew--the moisture that condenses on the surface of the plants at night, And unlike most other plants, lichens are little affected by the strong ultraviolet rays in the mountains. Lichens use little energy, for they grow slowly. Some grow so slowly and are so old that they are called "time stains." You may find lichens that are centuries old; certain of these lichen colonies have been established for an estimated 2,000 years. For decades, scientists wondered how the offspring of an alga and a fungus got together to form a new lichen, it seemed unlikely that they would just happen lo encounter one another. It was finally discovered that in many cases the two partners have never been separated. Stalklike "buds" that form on certain lichens are broken off by the wind or by animals; these toll or are blown to a new location. 81. Which of the following questions does the passage answer? A Where can the oldest lichens be found? B How long does it take for lichens to establish themselves? C How large can lichens be? D Where do lichens usually occur? 82. The word "hardiest" in line 1 is closest in meaning to A most unusual B most basic C most abundant D most vigorous 83. The word "framework" in line 5 is closest in meaning to A structure B fragment C condition D environment. 84, The author mentions "the green film of plant life that grows on stagnant pools" (lines 6-7) in order to explain A how the sun affects lichens C where fungi become algae B why plants depend on water D what algae are 85. It can be inferred from the passage that lichens use less energy and grow more slowly when: A the environment is polluted C they are very old B they are exposed to ultraviolet rays D the supply of water is inadequate 86. Which of file following terms is defined in the passage? A "anchors" (line 6) C "dew" (line 14.) B "stagnant" (line 7) D "ultraviolet" (line 16) 87. The word "prolonged" in line 13 is closest in meaning to A precise B extended C approximate D. regular 88. All of the following are mentioned in the discussion of lichens EXCEPT: A They are capable of producing their own food. B They require large amount of minerals to prosper C They are a union of two separate plants D They can live thousands of years 89 What does the phrase "lichen colonies” (line 19) suggest? A Nothing but lichens live in some locations. B Many lichens live together in one area C Lichens displace the plants that surround them. D Certain groups of lichens have never been separated. 90. The word "encounter" in line 21 is closest in meaning to: A lose B support C meet D create SECTION 5: WRITING Question 91-100: For each of the sentences below, write a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence, using the word given. This word must not be altered in any way. 91. His mind is so much on work at the moment that he doesn’t have any time for his family. (Preoccupied) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 92. You should think about the price before you decide whether to buy it or not. (consideration) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 93.Stop disturbing me! Can’t you see I’m working? (alone) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 94. People don’t want to buy cars with large engines any more (call) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 95. Twenty years ago this region produced twice as much coal as it does now.(halved) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 96. The prime minister in unlikely to call an early general election. (likelihood) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 97. Nobody could possibly believe the story he told us. (beyond) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 98. Very little money was raised by the charity appeal. (response) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 99. The policeman acted quickly and averted an accident (prompt) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. 100. Ours is the only company allowed to import these chemicals. (monopoly) →…………………………………………………………………………………………. The end Name:………………………………. Class:………………………. Answer sheet Mark: SECTION 1: LISTENING 1. 4. 7. 10. 2. 5. 8. 3. 6. 9. SECTION 2: VOCABULARY 11. 14. 17. 20. 12. 15. 18. 13. 16. 19. 21. 24. 27. 30. 22. 25. 28. 23. 26. 29. 31. 34. 37. 40. 32. 35. 38. 33. 36. 39. SECTION 3: GRAMMAR 41. 44. 47. 50. 42. 45. 48. 43. 46. 49. 51. 54. 57. 60. 52. 55. 58. 53. 56. 59. 61. 64. 67. 70. 62. 65. 68. 63. 66. 69. SECTION 4: READING COMPREHENSION 71. 74. 77. 80. 72. 75. 78. 73. 76. 79. 81. 84. 87. 90. 82. 85. 88. 83. 86. 89. SECTION 5: WRITING 91…………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 92………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 93…………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 94. ………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 95…………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 96…………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 97…………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 98…………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 99…………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 100……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Answer Key SECTION 1: LISTENING 1. 4. 7. 10. 2. 5. 8. 3. 6. 9. 11. Dr. Jones suggested that final examinations should be discontinued, an innovation I heartily support. A. entrance B. change C. inner part D. test 12. His new yatch is certainly an ostentatious display of his wealth. A. ossified B. showy C. large D. expensive 13. I’d rather stay in a hotel with all the amenities than camp in the woods A. conveniences B. friends C. expenses D. sports 14. A. lucid B. wealthy C. losing D. profitable 15. A domineering husband, he is the stereotype of a male chauvinist. A. musician B. fixed conception C. disagreeable type D. opposite 16. The hurricane caused great havoc in the islands. A. winds B. treatment C. destruction D. immersion 17. It is said that you can intimidate your enemies by speaking in a low voice and carrying a big stick. A. frighten B. attack C. harass D. make peace with 18. A computer may be used in the math classroom to implement the lesson. A. implant B. learn C. entreat D. carry out 19. Studying vocabulary can be an irksome task. A. easy B. pleasant C. tedious D. irate 20. The passengers on the boat were mesmerized by the motion of the sea. A. paralyzed B. hypnotized C. nauseated D. voiced 21. thunderstorm 22. raincoat 23. shopping 24. pleasure 25. deserted 26. beating 27. disturbance 28 entrance 29 led 30 slightest 31.discover 32. lead 33. suffer 34. contain 35. health 36. diseases 37. disorders 38. knowledge 39. necessary 40. available Since the early 19th century, the number of published accounts of the openning of the American West has risen into the thousands. The greatest concentration of recorded experience and observation came out of the thirty year period between 1860 and 1890, an incredible era of violense greed, audacity and sentimentality. During that time, the culture and way of life of the American Indian was destroyed and out of that time came virtually all the great tails of the American West. Only occassionally was the voice of an Indian heard. Yet they are not all lost those Indian voices of the past. A few authentic accounts of this importan period of American history were recorded by Indians. Newspaper reporters frequently interviewed warriors and chiefs and gave them the oportunity to express their own opinions on what was happening. The quality of these interviews varied greatly, depending upon the wilingness of the Indians to speak freely or upon each interpreter’s ability. The Indians depended on imagery to express their thoughts. With a good interpreter, an Indians words could be made to sound poetic but with a poor interpreter, they might sound flat. 41…………………. 42………………….. 43…………………. 44………………….. 45………………….. 46………………….. 47………………….. 48………………….. 49………………….. 50………………….. 51 to 52.with 53 at 54 from 55 at 56 to 57 with 58 in/ in 59 to 60 to 61. Are you/ would you be 62. is coming 63. haven’t met 64. would/will like 65. Will be able 66. has asked 67.will probably ring 68. would be 69. passes 70. will give 81-90: in the text 91. He’s so preoccupied with work at tha moment that……… 92. You should take the price into consi….. 93 leave me alone! Can’t u……. 94. there is no(longer any)/ there isn’t musch call for cars…….. 95 coal production/ the coal produced in this region has been halved in the 20 years. 96. there is little likelihood. The likelihood………is small of the PM calling an…/that the PM will call a……. 97. the story he told us was beyond the belief 98. there was very little/ a weak/ only a small response to the……… The response to the………was very poor/ terrible Very little money was raised in response to…… 99. The policeman’s prompt action averted/ the prompt action of the policeman averted…….. 100. Our company has/ holds (the/a) monopoly of/on/over the import/importing /importation of………….

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