English 9 - Unit 9-16

Energy is fundamental to human beings, especially to poor people – the one- third of humanity that does not have modern energy supplies like electricity, with which their life could be improve.

Many people who live in countryside have to gather fuel wood. This takes a lot of time. Moreover, it causes indoor air pollution because of heavy smoke. For many people living in rural areas in developing countries of the world, biogas is the large energy resources available and costs almost nothing. The main use of biogas is for cooking and heating. As biogas is smoke-free, it helps solve the problem of indoor air pollution. Moreover, plant waste and animal manure cost almost nothing.

The tendency to use renewable energy sources is on the increase when non-renewable ones are running out. In the near, people in the developing countries may use wind or sea waves as the environment-friendly energy sources.

 

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met the man ____ over there?” “No. Who is he?” A. stands B. is standing C. standing D. who he is standing 22. The boy ____ the piano is my son. A. who is playing B. that is playing C. playing D. All are correct 23. ____ by his parent, this boy was very sad. A. Punished B. Punishing C. To be punished D. Be punished 24. We have apartment ____ the park. A. overlooking B. overlooks C. to overlook D. overlooked 25. He was the last person ____ in this way. A. to kill B. who killed C. being killed D. to be killed 26. Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman _____ governor in the United State. A. who elected B. to be elected C. was elected D. her election as 27. Norman Weiner, --------- mathematician and logician, had an important role in the development of the computer. A. who as a B. was a C. whom a D. a 28. Johnny was the last applicant ____ for a position in that energy station. A. to interview B. interviewing C. to be interviewed D. which is interviewed 29. The instructions ……………. by Professor Johnson helped us know more about the danger of energy pollution. A. that explained B. explained C. explaining D. which explained 30. Neil Armstrong was the first person ……………..foot on the moon. A. set B. to set C. who setting D. to be set 31. The last person that leaves the room must turn off the lights. A. The person who turn off the lights must leaves the room. B. The last person to leaves the room must turn off the lights. C. The last person to turn off the lights must leaves the room. D. The one who turns off the lights in the room is the last person. 32. Lady Astor was the first woman -------- her seat in Parliament. A. take B. to take C. taking D. who takes 33. Lady Astor was the first woman …………her seat in Parliament. A. take B. to take C. taking D. who takes 34. Pioneers, ……………in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient. A. who living B. living C. lived D. that lived 35. Completed in 1756, Nassau Hall is the oldest building now ..….on the campus of Princeton University A. standing B. it stands C. has stood D. stood 36. Coal was the first fuel ……………to power machinery. A. is used B. using C. to use D to be used 37. In 1892, Mr.Rudolph designed an engine ……………diesel engine. A. that was called B. was called C. called D. calling 38. The energy …………..by the windmill drives all the drainage pumps. A. that is producing B. which produces C. producing D. produced 39. The old man ……….a black suit is a famous energy researcher. A. to wear B. wearing C. whom is wearing D. is wearing 40. Seldom ---------- each other anymore. A. we have seen B. do we see C. we do see D. we see II. Circle the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting. 41. The man to speak to me is John’s brother. A B C D 42. He is the second person be killed in that way. A B C D 43. They work in a hospital sponsoring by the government. A B C D 44. It an essay writing in 1779, Judith Sargeant Murray promoted the cause of women’s education. A B C D 45. A dam is wall building across river to shop the river’s flow and collect the water. A B C D C. READING I. Circle the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage. Energy is fundamental to human beings, especially to poor people – the one- third of humanity that does not have modern energy supplies like electricity, with which their life could be improve. Many people who live in countryside have to gather fuel wood. This takes a lot of time. Moreover, it causes indoor air pollution because of heavy smoke. For many people living in rural areas in developing countries of the world, biogas is the large energy resources available and costs almost nothing. The main use of biogas is for cooking and heating. As biogas is smoke-free, it helps solve the problem of indoor air pollution. Moreover, plant waste and animal manure cost almost nothing. The tendency to use renewable energy sources is on the increase when non-renewable ones are running out. In the near, people in the developing countries may use wind or sea waves as the environment-friendly energy sources. 1. What is the role of energy to human beings? A. unimportant B. unnecessary C. necessary D. fundamental 2. What is the main use of biogas? A. It is used mainly for cooking and heating. B. It is mainly used for lighting. C. It is mainly used for operating. D. It is mainly used for producing in factories. 3. According to the passage, what is the most awful effect of using fuel wood? A. It causes indoor air pollution. B. It may cause fire. C. It damages their houses. D. It affects the local scenery. 4. The tendency to use renewable energy sources ____. A. goes up B. goes down C. fluctuates D. levels 5. What, according to the passage, may be used as the environment-friendly energy sources. A. Nuclear energy B. Coal C. Wind and sea energy D. Oil D. WRITING I. Reduce the relative clauses to participial phrases. 1. I don’t like people who arrive late. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. I live in a house which was built a century ago. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. The people who work here are very interesting. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. The handkerchief which was embroidered by my sister was really beautiful. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. I want to meet the woman who taught me how to drive. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. The cake which was made by my mother was very delicious. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. This morning I received a letter which upset me a lot → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. The composition which was written by Jane was really interesting. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… II. Rewrite the sentences, using relative clauses. 1. The last person to be interviewed yesterday was Jack. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Valentina Tereskova was the first woman to fly into space. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. The only person to remain in the classroom was Peter. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. This is the second person to be killed in that way. → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. He was the first man to tell me the truth → ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… UNIT 12: THE ASIAN GAMES A. PHONETICS I. Circle the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the other words. 1) A. screw B. screechy C. scream D. screen 2) A. rugby B. nearby C. cycling D. apply 3) A. strength B. event C. athlete D. wrestling II. Circle the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words. 4) A. official B. cycling C. become D. aquatic 5) A. advance B. gymnasium C. solidarity D. variety 6) A. nation B. gather C. facilities D. stadium B. VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR I. Circle the best answer for each sentence. 1. The Vietnamese participants took ____ in the 14th Asian Games with great enthusiasm. A. notice B. notes C. part D. role 2. ____ from several countries competed in many Asian Game. A. Spectators B. Athletes C. Audience D. Viewers 3. How many sports are there ____ the 14th Asian Games? A. in B. on C. at D. to 4. The quiet country roads are ideal for cycling. The word “cycling” is closest in meaning to “____”. A. driving a car B. riding a bicycle C. kicking a ball D. playing football 5. The Olympic Games is one of the biggest sporting ____ all over the world. A. problems B. athletes C. cultures D. events 6. Swimming is one of the ____ sports. A. mountainous B. aquatic C. racing D. running 7. ____ can help athlete to improve the strength of muscles and the appearance of the body. A. Shooting B. Table tennis C. Weightlifting D. Playing chess 8. On some special occasions, people often march and demonstrate to show their ____. A. nation B. event C. culture D. solidarity 9. Vietnam won 3 gold ____ in the 15th Asian Games. A. degrees B. medals C. awards D. boards 10. Nearly 500 ____ from 11 nations took part in the first Asian Games in New Delhi, Indian. A. viewers B. spectators C. athletes D. passers-by 12. The Asian Games have been advancing ……………all aspects A. on B. at C. in D. for 13. Scuba-driving and windsurfing are both aquatic sports. A. field B. water C. combat D. individual 14. Only six ……………..were played in the first Asian Games. A. athletes B. sports C. coaches D. spectators 15. 50,000 people attended the opening Ceremony of the 15th Asian Games with more than billion television …………… A. listeners B. speakers C. viewers D. readers 16. The Asian Games are held for the ………….of developing intercultural knowledge. A. aim B. target B. purposes D. objective 17. The hotel has special ……………for disabled athletes. A. facility B. facilitation C. facilitate D. facilities 18. Experts ………..feel that they are related to the deep wishes and fears of the dreamer. A. study dreams B. who dream study C. whose dream study D. who study dreams 19. Did you see the opening ceremony …………on TV last night? A. which showed B. showed C. showing D. shown 20. There were many scientists at the meeting, several of ____ were very young. A. That B. whom C. who D. which 21. This is the novel ____ I’ve been expecting. A. that B. which C. x (nothing) D. All are correct 22. I’m not the man ____ you are looking for? A. that B. x (nothing) C. whom D. A, B or C 23. Fencing was first introduced at the 13th Asian Games, ____ in Bangkok, Thailand in 1998. A. to be held B. holing C. when was held D. which was held 24. Each country sends its best athletes ____ participation expresses the friendship and solidarity. A. who B. which C. that D. whose 25. He rang James, ____ a good friend as well as his trainer. A. who was B. that was C. being D. to be 26. ____ came from France were really more friendly than any others. A. The athletes, that B. The athletes whom C. The athletes who D. The athletes which 27. That is Mr. Pike, a referee, ____ I told you about. A. that B. which C. whom D. whose 28. This is a picture in the newspaper of a high jumper ____ leg was seriously hurt. A. who B. who C. whose D. that 29. I like the book ____ you lent me last week. A. who B. when C. where D. Þ 30. I know the man ____ Miss White is talking to. A. him B. which C. whose D. Þ 31. He took out a photo of Pe’le’,…………….. he adored. A. whose B. whom C. that D. which 32. The death of his son was an experience from ……………….…..he never fully recovered. A. when B. why C. that D. which 33. We have to make good preparations …………an important part of the Games. A. to be B. which are C. been D. are 34. Thousands of people ………………along the roads watched the bicycle racing. A. to stand B. that stand C. standing D. stood 35. John Murray is the man. He owns the Grand Hotel. A. John Murray is the man owns the Grand Hotel. B. John Murray is the man whom owns the Grand Hotel. C. John Murray is the man, that owns the Grand Hotel. D. John Murray is the man who owns the Grand Hotel. 36. This is the sweater. I bought it on Saturday . A. This is the sweater which I bought it on Saturday . B. This is the sweater I bought it on Saturday . C. This is the sweater, that I bought it on Saturday . D. A & B 37. You are playing some music, and it sounded familiar. A. The music, you were playing, sounded familiar. B. The music you were playing sounded familiar. C. The music sounded familiar which you were playing. D. The music with which you were playing sounded familiar 38. We were looking at some jewelry, but it was expensive. A. The jewelry which we were looking at was expensive. B. The jewelry we were looking at was expensive. C. The jewelry looking at was expensive. D. A & B 39. The boys are talking about the exciting match ……………on TV. A. seeing B. they saw C. whom they saw D. to see 40. The rumour …………we heard yesterday is not true. A. that B. which C. ( nothing ) D. All are correct II. Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting. 41. This year, that is for the first time, the event is open to all amateur athletes along with the A B C D traditional professional. 42. Something was strange happened yesterday has been worrying me. I really don’t know A B C what to do. D 43. The 14th Asian games, held in Korea in 2002, attracted many participants. A B C D 44. The flight on it I wanted to travel was fully booked . A B C D 45. Are these the keys that you are looking for them. A B C D II. Underline any relative pronouns that can be left out in these sentences. 1. I think that my boss is the person whom I admire most. 2. We are taking the train that’s leaves at 6.00. 3. Have you seen the book that I left here on the desk? 4. My radio, which isn’t very old, has suddenly stopped working. 5. Last week I ran into an old friend whom I hadn’t seen for ages. 6. The couple who met me at the station took me out to dinner. 7. The bag in which the robbers put the money was found later. 8. I really like the tea which you made me this morning. C. READING I. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. The Asian Games owes its origins to small Asian multi-sport competitions. The Far Eastern Championship Games were created to show unity and cooperation among three nations: Japan, the Philippines and China. The first games were held in Manila, the Philippines in 1931. Other Asian nations participated after it was organized. After World War II, a number of Asian countries became independent. Many of the new independent Asian countries wanted to use a new type of competition where Asian dominance should not be shown by violence and should be strengthened by mutual understanding. In August 1948, during the 14th Olympic Game in London, India representative Guru Dutt Sondhi proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the Asian Games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation. A preparatory was set up to draft the charter for the Asian amateur athletic federation. In February, 1949, the Asian athletic federation was formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1951 in New Delhi the capital of India. They added that the Asian Games would be regularly held once every four years. 1. The text is about ____. A. the origin of the Asian Games B. the Far Eastern Championship Games C. the Games in Manila D. the relationship of Japan, the Philippines, and China 2. The Far Eastern Championship Games ____. A. were held in Manila after World War II B. were held in Japan C. were attended by all countries in Asia D. had the participation of only three nations 3. The 14th Olympic Games took place ____. A. in 1913 B. in August 1948 C. before the World War II D. In February 1949 4. The Asian Games ____. A. were suggested establishing by a Londoner B. were first held in China C. were first held in India D. were held in the same year of the 14th Olympic Games 5. The Asian Games were first held in ____. A. 1931 B. 1941 C. 1948 D. 1951 II. Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. The 15th Asian Games (1) ………from December 1 through December 15, 2006, in Doha, Capital of Qatar. More than 10,000 (2) ……….., who (3) ……….45 countries and regions, (4)………….in 39 sports and 424 events of the Games, the most important (5) ……………in Asian. Some new events such as chess and triathlon were also included in the Games. 1. A. set up B. took part C. brought out D. took place 2. A. athletes B. listeners C. speakers D. referees 3. A. symbolized B. represented C. expressed D. typified 4. A. set up B. took part C. brought out D. took place 5. A. medal B. part C. event D. team D. WRITING: * Rewrite each pair of sentences as one sentence, and include the word in bold. Begin as shown, and make any necessary changes 1. We want to visit a museum. It opens at 12.00. that → The museum that we wanted to visit opens at 12.00. 2. A boy’s bike was taken. He visited the police station. whose → The boy…………………………………………………………………………………… 3. A friend met me at the airport. He carried my suitcase. who → The friend ………………………………………………………………………………… 4. Tom cooked a meal. It was delicious that → The meal ………………………………………………………………………………… 5. The friend is staying with me. She comes from Paris who → The friend ………………………………………………………………………………… 6. I found man’s wallet. He gave me a reward whose → The man .………………………………………………………………………………… 7. I go to the shop in the centre. It is cheaper. that → The shop in the centre……………………………………………………………………… 8. I go to a girl’s party. She phoned me. whose → The girl …………………………………………………………………………………… UNIT 13: HOBBIES A. PHONETICS I. Circle the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the other words. 1) A. admired B. looked C. missed D. hoped 2) A. admire B. avid C. variety D. while 3) A. engrave B. pastime C. undertake D. spectator II. Circle the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words. 4) A. envelope B. album C. usually D. accompany 5) A. admire B. regular C. mountain D. corner 6) A. hobby B. oversea C. collect D. myself B. VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR I. Circle the best answer for each sentence. 1. My father is an ____ guitarist. A. accomplishing B. accomplished C. accomplish D. accomplishment 2. He is very good at ____ people singing with his guitar. A. making B. getting C. accompanying D. having 3. My uncle is interested in ____ stamps. A. collect B. collecting C. collected D. to collect 4. She is a very accomplished pianist. A. skilled B. beautiful C. interesting D. admired 5. A ____ is a series of musical notes that is pleasant and easy to remember. A. musical instrument B. guitar C. practice D. tune 6. If you ____ a singer or a musician, you play one part of a piece of music while they sing or play the main tune. A. accomplish B. accompany C. collect D. admire 7. My ____ for my mother is infinite. A. admire B. admirer C. admiration D. admirable 8. I am quite keen on my father’s valuable stamp ____. A. collect B. collecting C. collection D. collector 9. I had forgotten all about it about it because I had been so ____ with other things. A. occupied B. interested C. accomplished D. successful 10. You should not indulge yourself ____ anything that can form a bad habit. A. in B. on C. for D. at 11. He keeps a lot of pictures and paintings. He is at art ____. A. keeper B. collector C. guitarist D. relative 12. I really admire him, for his ____. A. succeed B. success C. successful D. successfully 13. I don’t know the title but I recognize the ____ of this song. A. sound B. rhyme C. tune D. theme 14. I don’t have much money, so I bought the camera ____. A. newly B. second-hand C. immediately D. profitably 15. She is the only student who is good …………both maths and literature in my class. A. in B. on C. at D. with 16. ____ I bought the golden fish. A. It was from this shop that B. I was from this shop where C. It was this shop which D. It was this shop that 17. It was Tom ____ to help us. A. comes B. that comes C. to come D. who came 18. ____ the police had rescued from the fire. A. The baby B. The baby that C. It was the baby whom D. The baby whom 19. ____ my parents gave me the fish tank. A. It was on my birthday when B. It was my birthday on that C. It was my birthday that D. It was on my birthday that 20. ____ I first met my girlfriend. A. It was in London that B. It was in London where C. It was London that D. It was London which 21. ____ on the phone. A. It is his mother whom is B. It was his mother whom is C. It was his mother who is D. It is his mother who is 22. ____ a high level of blood cholesterol. A. It is eggs that contain B. Those are eggs it contains C. It is eggs that contains D. It is eggs contain 23. It is the library ____. A. that I often borrow books B. that I often borrow books from C. where I often borrow books from D. from that I often borrow books 24. ____ England won the World Cup. A. It was in 1966 that B. It was on 1966 that C. It was in 1966 when D. It was 1966 in that 25. ____ took my car. A. It was you B. It were you C. It was you that D. It was you whom 26. ………………we all look for. A. It is happiness that B. That happiness C. Happiness it is that D. Happiness it is 27. ……………..me how to play the drum. A. It was my uncle who taught B. My uncle who taught C. It was my uncle taught D. It is my uncle teaching 28. …………gave me that picture book. A. Mary B. It was Mary C. It was Mary whom D. It was Mary whose 29. It is …………….we will leave for Paris. A. April B. in April that C. April in that D. in April when 30. ………….on my part that I could not manage to deliver the goods on time. A. An error B. That is an error C. It was an error D. An error it was 31. ……………………took my document ? A. It is Peter that B. It was Peter that C. Was it Peter that D. Was that Peter 32. It is …………..I get emotional satisfaction. A. collecting stamps that B. from collecting stamps that C. collecting stamps from that D. collecting stamps that from 33………………taught me how to collect butterflies. A. It was my father B. It is my father C. It was my father whom D. My father 34. It was the woman that ………..us English last year. A. taught B. teaches C. has taught D. had taught 35. It was the boy ………. I told you about. A. that B. whose C. who’s D. None is correct 36. …………was Nam who wanted to buy my old guitar. A. There B. Which C. It D. Who 37. …….who was elected the first woman mayor of Chicago in 1979. A. It was Jane Bayrne B. Jane Bayrne C. That Jane Bayrne D. When Jane Bayrne 38. …………that the Capital of south Carolina was moved from Charleston to Columbia. A. In 1790 was B. There was in 1790 C. In 1790 D. It was in 1790 39. It was Mr. Harding ………..the bill to yesterday. A. who sent my secretary B. to whom my secretary sent C. that my secretary sent D. my secretary sent 40. It was a question that had …………him since he was a boy A. fascinate B. fascination C. fascinating D. fascinated II. Circle the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting. 41. It was at this shop where I bought a T-shirt three days ago. A B C D 42. It is my closest friend goes abroad to study next month. A B C D 43. It was the dog who the boy hit A B C D 44. Mark’s known for ages that his parents are coming to stay with us this weekend, but it was only yesterday A B did he told me C D 45. Collect stamps is my hobby A B C D C. READING * Circle the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage. I like to be near water – sea, lake or river. That I probably because I was born in a village by the sea, and I have lived most of my life close to water. When I am in some place which is far from lake, river and sea, I am restless and I always feel that there is something missing, even though it is sometimes hard for me to decide what it is. Of course, the sports I like are the ones which need water – sailing, rowing and swimming. It is possible to swim in small swimming pools, but rowing and sailing are impossible without a lot of water. Rowing is best in a river and sailing on the sea or a big lake, but one can do some sailing on a river and one can certainly row on a lake or the sea when the weather is good. Of the three sports – swimming, rowing and sailing – I like rowing best because it is the easiest to continue during the winter, when the water is too cold for comfortable swimming and the sea is often too rough for sailing. Even on the coldest day one row, only ice on the water or thick fog can stop one. Sometimes it is so cold when I go out rowing that drop of water freeze wherever they fall. In such weather, it is not very pleasant to swim as one cannot stay in the water very long. However, when is rowing, one gets warmer the longer one goes on. 1. Where was the writer born? A. In a village by the river B. In a village near a lake C. In a village by the sea D. In a sea town 2. How does the writer feel when he is in some place which is nor near the water? A. Comfortable C. Losing something B. Convenient D. Missing something 3. What type of sport does he like? A. Water sports B. Sports without water C. Sports played only on the sea D. Sports played near lakes and river 4. Why does he like rowing best? A. Because it makes him warmer B. Because he can still it in cold days C. Because it makes him stronger D. Because it is easier to play 5. What does the word “which” in paragraph 1 refer to?

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