Grade 12 -Tuyển chọn các bài E reading & gaps fill

7) Read the passage carefully and then answer the questions

It is the environment in which we breathe that must have changed, and there is plenty of evidence that tells us it has. Plus, we also know that it is airborne pollutants and elements that usually cause asthma attacks and other respiratory problems. Most people believe it is the air outdoors that presents us with the greatest risk. However, it is actually the air inside our houses, schools, and other buildings that is most harmful. According to the Ainerican College of Allergies, 50% of all illnesses is aggravated or caused by polluted indoor air.

Today's homes and buildings are built airtight, with energy-efficiency inside. Their airtight construction keep airborne pollutants trapped inside, nature's air cleansing agents outside. Is it any wonder that statistics for asthma problems began rising sharply around the same time that homes and buildings began to be built this way? In fact, a recent study found that the allergen level in super-insulated homes is 200% higher than it is in ordinary homes. Plus, according to Scientific America, a baby crawling on the floor inhales the equivalent of 4 cigarettes a day, as a result of the outgas of carpets, molds, mildews, fungi, dust mites, etc. Most people spend a lot of their time inside. In which case, indoor air is going to impact our health far more than outdoor air. Virtually, everyone is affected, especially asthmatics and others who are particularly sensitive to allergens and contaminants in the air. It is informed that 6 out of 10 houses and buildings are "sick", meaning they are hazardous to your health to occupy, as a result of airborne pollutants. In fact, every house and building is affected by the indoor air quality epidemic to one degree or another, regardless of how clean it may appear. Every home is filled with prime sources that contribute to mass quantities of airborne allergens and contaminants.

 

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f airborne allergens and contaminants. For instance, if your home looks really clean, you should ask yourself how it became that way. Did you use aerosols, floor and furniture polish, bleach, bathroom cleaners, etc.? If so, these products emit harmful chemical vapors into the air. Increased ventilation is not the answer. A group of scientists recently discovered that increasing ventilation in a building did not reduce the number of symptoms. 1. What cause asthma attacks and other respiratory problems? à……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………. 2. Why is 50% of all illnesses aggravated or caused by polluted indoor air? à……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………. 3. Is it good to let a baby crawl on the floor? Why or why not? à…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. Who can get asthma? à…………………………………………………………………………………………. 5. Can increasing ventilation in a building solve the problem? à………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8) Fill in each numbered blank with ONE suitable word Ever since human have inhabited (1) _______ earth, they have made use of various forms (2) _______ communication. Generally, this expression of thoughts and feelings has been in the form of oral speech. When there is (3) _______ language barrier, communication is accomplished through sign language in (4) _______ motions stand for letters, words, and ideas. Tourists, the deaf, and the mute have had (5) _______ resort to this form of expression. Many of these symbols of whole words are very picturesque and exact and can be used internationally; spelling, however. (6) _______. Body language transmits ideas or thoughts (7) _______ certain actions, either intentionally or unintentionally. A wink can be a way of flirting or indicating (8) _______ the party is only joking. (9) _______ nod signifies approval, while shaking the head indicates a negative reaction. While verbalization is the most common (10) _______ of language, other systems and techniques also express human thoughts and feelings. 9) Read the passage carefully and then answer the questions Are you a compulsive spender, or do you hold on to your money as long as possible? Are you a bargain hunter? Would you rather use charge accounts than pay cash? Your answers to these questions will reflect your personality. According to psychologists, our individual money habits not only show our beliefs and values, but can also stem from past problems. Experts in psychology believe that for many people, money is an important symbol of strength and influence. In addition, many people consider money a symbol of love. They send it to their family and friends to express love, or they buy themselves expensive presents because they need love. According to psychologists, many people are compulsive spenders; they feel that they must spend money. This compulsion, like most others, is irrational - impossible to explain reasonably. Their pleasure in spending enormous amounts is actually greater than the pleasure that they get from the things they buy. There is even a special psychology of bargain hunting. To save money, of course, most people look for sales, low prices, and discounts. Compulsive bargain hunters, however, often buy things that they do not need just because they are cheap. They want to believe that they are helping their budgets, but they are really playing an exciting game: when they can buy something for less than other people, they feel that they are winning. Psychologists often use method called "behavior therapy" to help individuals to solve their personality problems. In the same way, they can help people who feel that they have problems with money: they give them "assignments". If a person buys something in every store he enters, for instance, a therapist might teach him self-discipline in this way: on the first day of his therapy, he must go into a store, stay five minutes and then leave. On the second day, he should stay for ten minutes and try something on. On the third day, he stays for fifteen minutes, asks the salesclerk a question, but does not buy anything. Soon he will learn that nothing bad will happen to him if he does not buy anything, and he can solve the problem of his compulsive buying. 1. What is the relationship between money spending and psychology? à………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2. According to psychologists, to many, people what can money express? à…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. What is the reaal pleasure of a compulsive spender when he spends money for buying something? à……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4. What are the most interests to a compulsive bargain hunter? à…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………. 5. What does "behavior therapy" mean? à…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………….. 10) Choose the item (A, B, C or D) that best completes the unfinished statement (or best answers the question) about each passage. My aunt is one of those people who. can talk to anyone about anything. If she goes to a party where she doesn't know any of the people, she just walks up to the first person that she sees and introduces herself. And yet she doesn't seem to talk about deeply important things like politics or religion. She always starts off with something very obvious like the other person's job. Very soon she's talking as if she's known the other person for years. 1 asked her once what her secret was. She said that the most important thing in a conversation was listening. People love to talk about themselves, so if you allow them to do so, it's very easy to keep a conversation going. You have to listen very carefully and ask questions. And you have to look interested, too. So don't keep looking at other things in the room while you're talking to someone. Another thing that I've noticed is that she only pays people compliments. She says: 'I like your hair. Which hairdresser do you go to?' or 'You look very well. Have you. been on holiday?' Friendly messages like this seem to provide an easy way into a conversation. 1. According to my aunt, the most important thing in a conversation was . A. speaking B. discussing C. looking D. listening 2. At parties where she does not know anybody, my aunt· normally A. feels embarrassed and stays away from people B. asks people to introduces themselves to her C. comes over to the first person and introduces herself D. sits alone and avoids talking to other people 3. My aunt thinks that it's very easy to keep a conversation going if you A. let people talk about themselves B. let people hear about yourself C. talk about politics or religion D. ask people about their secrets 4. What should you NOT do when you have a conversation with someone? A. Looking very interested in his or her story B. Looking at other things in the room C. Listening very carefully and asking questions D. Paying him or her compliments 5. According to the passage, my aunt often starts a conversation by talking about . A. the other person's wealth B. the other person's health C. the other person's daily activities' D. the other person's job 11) In Germany, it's important to be serious in a work situation. They don't mix work and play so you shouldn't make jokes (1)__________you do in the UK and USA when you first meet people. They work in a very organized way and prefer to do one thing at a time. They don't like· interruptions or (2)____________changes of schedule. Punctuality is very important so you should arrive on time for appointments. At meeting, it's important to follow the agenda and not interrupt (3)______________speaker. If you give a presentation, you should focus (4)__________facts and technical information and the quality of your company's products. You should also prepare well, as they may ask a lot of questions. Colleagues normally use the family names, and title - for example 'Doctor' or 'Professor', so you shouldn't use first names (5) a person asks you to. 1. A. while B. as if C. such as D. as 2. A. sudden B. suddenly C. abruptly D. promptly 3. A. other B. others C. another D. the other 4. A. on B. to C. at D. in 5. A. if only B. as C. unless D. since 12) Choose one word from the list given to fill in each of the gaps in the text below. Each word is used once only: dying example about know dead smoking dangerous plane do usually drinking motorbike People ………………….(1) that climbing is a dangerous activity, but what …………...(2) the danger in our everyday lives? Many activities that we can be dangerous, and some are much more …………………(3) than the others. Did you know, for ………………….(4), that the risk of death through riding was 1 in 1,000? People ……………….(5) think that traveling by …………...(6) is dangerous, but the risk of dying in an accident is only 1 in 25,000! The two most dangerous things that we can ………………(7) in our daily lives are riding a motorbike and smoking. The risk of death from a ….(8)……… accident is 1 in 500, but ….(9) …………. is the worst. The risk of ….(10) ………….. from lung cancer is 1 in 200. 13) Read the passage and decide if the following statements are (T) True or (F) False: The country is more beautiful than a town and pleasant to live in. Many people think so and go to the country for the summer holidays though they can not live there all the year round. Some have a cottage built in a village so that they can go there whenever they can find the time. English villages are not all alike, but in some ways they are not very different from each other. Almost every village has a church, the round or square tower of which can be seen for many miles around. surrounding the church is the churchyard, where people are burried. The village green is a wide stretch of grass, and houses or cottages are around it. Country life is now fairly comfortable and many villages have water brought through pipes into each house. Most villages are so near some small town that people can go there to buy anything they can’t find in the village shops.. 1. Many people spend their summer holidays in their own cottages in the country. ………………… 2. English villages also go to the country whenever they have time. ………………….. 3. Many people think it’s pleasant to live in the country ……………………. 4. There is a church in almost every village. ……………………… 5.The church is tall and you can see it from a long distance. ………………… 6. After dying, people are burried in the churchyard. …………………… 7. Villagers depend on wells or rivers for drinking water. ……………………. 8. Almost villages are close to small towns .. …………………….. 14) Fill one suitable word in each numbered space: Last year I stayed for a few days in an old house in Scotland which was famous ....1.... its ghost.I don’t really believe .... 2..... ghosts,so I’m not afraid .....3..... them, of course.So when my hosts suggested ......4...... up all night to see their ghost,I simply laughed .....5..... them.Then they told me .....6...... the woman who haunted their house.She had been accused ....7.... murdering her husband in the eighteen century because she had been jealous ....8..... him,but she had avoided .....9...... tried,and had disappeared. She appeared quite regularly,walking through the house as if she was searching ......10...... something.I agreed to watch that night,though it would ......11...... sitting for hours in the cold.The house was full ......12...... old furniture,and I ......13...... getting up from my chair and walking around.I .......14......one of my friends to appear,dressed as the “ghost”,and ......15...... to scare me,as I knew they were fond ......16...... practical jokes. So when the figure of a woman finally came ......17...... me, I .....18...... to be terrified.You can imagine my surprise when the figure appeared to ......19...... a knife from her dress,and then vanished. I decided to disappear myself,and drove home to London as ......20...... as I could *** 1-for 2-in 3-of 4-staying 5-at 6-about 7-of 8-of 9-being 10-for 11-mean 12-of 13-kept 14-expected 15-try 16-of 17-towards 18-pretended 19-take 20-fast / quickly 15) A.Fill in the gap with one suitable word: Football is the most popular game in Britain. You can see that if you go to …(1)… of the important matches. Young and old people shout and cheer…(2)… one side or the other. Nearly every school …(3)… its football team and every boy in Britain …(4)… much about the game. He can tell you the name of the…(5)… in most important teams. He has a picture of them and knows the …(6)… of many matches. In Britain the football ...(7)… begins in the middle of August, usually on the second Saturday and …(8)… on the last Saturday in April. At the beginning of the season ...(9)… the school teams and the professional teams …(10)… very hard. They want to win the matches. *** 1. one 2. for 3. has 4. knows 5. players/footballers 6. results 7. season 8. ends 9. all 10. train B. Read the paragraph carefully and then choose the best answer below. Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: If corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people's. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught - to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle - compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes . However, in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let him do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not. If it is a matter or right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should our teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he cannot find the way to get the right answer. Let us end all this nonsense of grades, exams, marks. Let us throw them all out, and let the children learn what all educated persons must some days learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know . Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible to them, with our help as schoolteachers if they ask for it. The idea that there is a body of knowledge to be learnt at school and used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense in a world as complicated as rapidly changing as ours .Anxious parents and teachers say,' but suppose they fail to learn something essential, they will go out into the world and learn it' . 1. What does the author think is the best way for children to learn things? A. by copying what other people do B. by making mistakes and having them corrected C. by listening to explanations from skilled people D. by asking a great many questions 2. What does the author think teachers do which they should not do? A. They give children correct answers. B. They point out children’s mistakes to them. C. They allow children to mark their own work. D. They encourage children to copy from one another. 3. The passage suggests that learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are A. not really important skills. B. more important than other skills. C. basically different from learning adult skills. D. basically the same as learning other skills. 4. Exams, grades and marks should be abolished because children’s progress should only be estimated by. A. educated persons. B. the children themselves. C. teachers D. parents. 5. The author fears that children will grow up into adults who are A. too independent of others B. too critical of themselves . C. unable to think for themselves D. unable to use basic skills. *** 1.A 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. C 16) Read the passage and answer the following questions: The Southeast Asian Games owes its origins to the Southeast Asian Peninsular Games or SEAP Games. On May 22,1958 delegates from the countries in Southeast Asian peninsula attending the 3rd Asian Games in Tokyo, Japan had a meeting and agreed to establish a sport organization.The proposed rationale was that a regional sports event will help promote cooperation, understanding and relations among countries in the Southeast Asian region. The participating countries agreed to hold the Games biannually. The SEAP Games Federation Committee was formed. The first SEAP Games were held in Bangkok in December, 1959 comprising more than 527 athletes, Indonesia and the Philippines were formally admitted to the SEAP Games Federation in 1977. At the same year the name of SEAP Federation was changed into Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF), and the games were known as the Southeast Asian Games. Brunei was admitted at the 10th SEA Games in Jakarta, Indonesia, and East Timor at the 22nd SEA Games in Hanoi, Vietnam. In December 2003, Vietnam hosted the Games for the first time. With 158 gold medals, Vietnam gained the over-all championship for the first time. The 23rd SEA Games was held in the Philippines in 2005, and the 2007 Southeast Asian Games held in Thailand, which is the most protested games ever in the history of SEA Games. The SEA Games are held every two years and the next host for the 2009 SEA Games is Laos. It is Laos' first time to host for the biannual games. 1.What are the aims of the SEA Games ? à....................................................................................................................................................... ……………………………………………………….. 2.When and where were the first SEAP Games held ? à...................................................................................................................................................... …………………………………………………………… 3. How many athletes participated in the first SEAP Games ? à....................................................................................................................................................... …………………………………………………………………… 4.When and where were the 23rd SEA Games held ? à....................................................................................................................................................... ………………………………………………….. 5. Where were the 24th SEA Games held? à………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17) Read the following passage carefully, choose the iterm (A,B,C,or D) that best answer each of the questions about it. Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending university a student will probably attend two terms each year. It is possible to spread to period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice. For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is useful for the student to show to coming employers. Most of the students feel the pressure of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. The students are interested in elections to positions in student organization. The effective work of keeping orders is usually performed by students who advise the university authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating has to appear before a student court. With the large numbers of students, the operation of the system includes a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions is much respected and it will be of importance to him later in his career. 1. According to the first paragraph an American is allowed . A. to live in a different university B. to take a particular course in a different university C. to get two degree from two different university D. to study at home 2. Which of the following is useful for students’ future career? A. an attendance record B. a military record C. an academic record D. a disciplinary record 3. American university students are usually under pressure of work because . A. their university performance will affect their future careers B. they are heavily involved in students affairs C. they have to observe strict university regulations D. they are interested in running for positions in student organizations 4. According to the last two sentences it’s important . A. to take part in student organizations B. to hold a position in student organizations C. to be respected by members of student organizations D. to run a student organization 18) What sort of job should you look for? Much depends (1) your long-term aim. You need to ask (2) whether you want to specialize in a particular field, work your (3) up to higher levels of responsibility or (4) of your current employment into a broader field. This job will be studied very carefully when you send your letter of (5) for your next job. It should show evidence of serious career planning. (6) important, it should extend you, develop you and give you increasing responsibility. Incidentally, if the travel bug is biting, now is the time to pack up and go. You can do temporary work for a while; when you return, pick up where you have left off and get the second job. 1. A. for B. on C. of D. with 2. A. you B. yours C. oneself D. yourself 3. A. path B. road C. way D. street 4. A. out B. off C. into D. over 5. A. applicants B. application C. form D. employment 6. A. Less B. Even C. Almost D. Most 19) Families in the Western world ..(1)..greatly during the last two centuries.Social scientists say that this change in the family is one of the important changes from a..(2)..society to a modern society. Before the 19th century ,families usually arranged marriages for their children.Young people did not decide who they wanted…(3)….marry. After they got married ,they usually had a lot of children. Today many parents …(4)…that they should have fewer children so they could give each one a good life. It is…(5)…..for a mother and a father to spend as much time as possible with their children.Home is a safe ,warm place for all the family members. 1.a.changes b.changed c.has changed d.have changed 2.a.tradition b.traditional c.traditionally d.traditionalise 3.a.to b.with c.for d.from 4.a.thinks b.declares c.think d.declare. 5.a.important b.popular c.interesting d.unimportant 20) Use the correct forms of the words in the brackets to complete the passage below. Centuries ago, when gold coins (1) (exclusive) ……………………….. were used as the money of nations and city-states, the (2) (compare) ………………………. value of each nation’s money was (3) (determine) ………………………... by the ratio of gold content of each coin. Today, gold coins are “used” only by (4) (collect)………………………. . (5) (nation) ………………………… money is printed on paper. Each country has its own currency, with names such as pound, dollar, dong, yuan and so on. (6) (decide) ……………………….. the rate for the international exchange of money is one of the most complex, and to many (7) (observe) …………………………, one of the most (8) (fascinate) …………………………. aspects of international banking. Each major currency has a “par value” that is (9) (usual) ………………... defined, (10) (office) ………………………., in terms of gold *** 1. exclusively 2. comparative 3. determined 4. collectors 5. national 6. Deciding 7. observers 8. fascinating 9. usually 10. officially 21) Read the following passage and choose the most suitable word for each space: According to a magazine article I read recently, we (1) ......... live in an age of increasing leisure. Not only are more and more people reaching (2) ......... age with their taste for enjoyment and even adventure relatively (3) ......... but the working week is becoming shorter and the opportunities for (4) ......... are becoming greater and greater all the time. Not to mention the

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