Further stepping up decentralization in order to develop road infrastructure in Thua Thien Hue province

CHAPTER 1: GENERAL THEORY ON DECENTRALISATION. DECENTRALISATION

OF MANAGEMENT, AND INTERNATIONAL PRACTICES 5

1.1 ''Decentralisation" and "decentralization of management" 5

1.2 International practices 7

1.3 Theory of management decentralization in Vietnam 9

CHAPTER 2: THE REALITY OF MANAGEMENT DECENTRALISATION IN

COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORTATION IN VIETNAM AND THUA THIEN -

HUE 14

2.1 Reality of management decentralization in communication and transportation

in

Vietnam 14

2.1.1 Legal documents 14

2.1.2 Practice 14

2.2 Practice of management decentralization for road infrastructure in Thira Thien - Hue 16

2.2.1 General situation of road communication in Thua Thien - Hue 16

2.2.2 Practice of management decentralization for road infrastructure in

Thira Thien - Hue 16

a. Information collected from interviews 1 7

b. Analysis of some decentralized projects 20

CHAPTER 3: CONCLUSION AND PROPOSAL OF A SET OF CRITERIA 25

3.1 Proposal of a set of criteria 25

3.1.1 Basis 25

3.1.2 Contents 29

3.2 Conclusions and Directions of further study 32

References -^"^

Appendixes -^"

pdf107 trang | Chia sẻ: honganh20 | Ngày: 28/02/2022 | Lượt xem: 268 | Lượt tải: 0download
Bạn đang xem trước 20 trang tài liệu Further stepping up decentralization in order to develop road infrastructure in Thua Thien Hue province, để xem tài liệu hoàn chỉnh bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên
rstanding and can clear construction sites faster: reduce trav el tees and times in waiting of reporting and accounting of any issue to the central authority; close to local people's benefits DiiTiculties: Lack of high-ranking experts for technically complicated projects; the province need bener technical and managerial qualifications to manage decentralized projects; slow budget allocation that makes contractors passive in their production plans Most respondents supported further decentralization. Most respondents supported a set of criteria; criteria can be nature of capital sources; size of construction; existing forces of the province; nature of technology in use; and because of adsantages mentioned above. Other comments 41 I l l / C o n t r a c t o r s : TT In te rv iew content So sanh khi thirc hien d i / an do f rung uang va dia phuong lam chu dau tu ve: Thu tuc. giai ngan, thai gian giai quyet cac thu tuc phat sinh... G e n e r a l ideas of answers Support further decentralisation? Why? Why nol'.^ Hau het cac y kien cho rang ace dir an do cac dia phuong lam chu dau tu duoc giai quyet cac thii tuc nhanh hon. cac cong viec phat sinh duoc giai quyet k ip thai do do tien do thi cong nhanh va viec thanh loan gap nhicu thuan la i . nhanh gon. dac biet cong tac giai phong mat bang nhanh; cac dir an do f rung uang lam chu dau tu thutrng cac thu tuc. viec giai quyet phat sinh trong thi cong ihuang cham han. Other comments Mot so y kien cho r^ng Tmng uang giai ngan nhanh hem; dja phuong ihuang thieu von I lau het cac y kien deu khSng dinh ung hp tiep tyc day manh phan cap cho dja phuong. Do Dja phiumg hieu rd ve tinh hinh giao thong more than dja ban, c6 the giai quyet nhanh chong cac birc xuc ve giao thong mot ach nhanh chong; Dja phuiTng de huy dpng cac nguon lye ciia mpi tang lop nhan dan. to chirc tai cho cung gop phan xay dirng. bao ve he thong giao thong more than dia ban; Tang cucrng tinh chu dong cho Dja phuong; va cac thuan loi da neu more than Need o f a set o f criteria for the decentralisation? I f yes, what criteria? Hau het cac y kien deu cho rang can c6 bo tieu chi lam CO so phan cap, cac can cir c6 the la: Quv mo, cap cua du an; nang lire quan ly, dieu hanh du an cua dja phuang; l ieu chi ve quy hoach; tieu chi ve quan ly chat lucjng; tieu chi ve tac dong m6i t ruong; tieu chi ve giai phong mat bang; ve nguon von dau tu ; ve tinh chat an ninh quoc phong. Kha nang huy dong von cua dia phuang 42 IV/ District-level interviewees: TT 1 2 3 4 Inter\iew content Comments on implementation of centrally-run and provincially-run projects, in terms of progress, quality, price, etc. Advantages and difficulties in coordinating with centrally-managed and provincially-managed projects Support further decentralisation? Why? Why not? Need of a set of criteria lor the decentralisation? If yes, what criteria? General ideas of answers Slow disbursement of capital for provincially- run projects slows down progress; constmction quality is more easily controlled because the province is closer to practice; construction prices arc closer to practice. The central authority often coordinates with the province only in site-clearing; best coordination results from the province as investor, especially in additions to lit practice to benefit the province and constructions Most respondents supported further decentralization, because the province has better understanding of typology, meteorologv; can control progress, quality, and price of constructions; beneficiaries* participation in superv ision of constructions. Most believed that the set is necessarv; criteria can be constructional types, grades, and requirements of national defence and security. Other comments 43 Appendix III/ EXPLANATION OF THE SET OF CRITERIA CONSTRUCTIONAL GRADE Type of construction Road Bridge a) Highways b) Automobile/ urban roads c) Rural roads a) Bridges b) Railway bridges Special grade Highway with traffic circulation of more than 30.000 vehicles per 24 hours or speed of more than lOOkm/h Span >200m Grade I Highway with traffic circulation of 10,000-30.000 vehicles per 24 hours or speed of more than 80km/h Span of 100- 200m or use of new technology or special architecture Grade II Grade III Grade IV Traffic circulation of 3.000- 10.000 vehicles per 24 hours or speed of > 60knVh Span of 50-100m Traffic circulation of 300- 3,000 vehicles per 24 hours or rural roads Tv pe A Span of 25 - 50m Traffic circulation of less than 300 vehicles per 24 hours or rural roads TvpeB Span of <25m CONSTRUCTION CROUP 1 I -) 3 II 1 Group A Constructions of national defence and securitv. national secret, important socio-political meanings. Constructions of transportation infrastructure (bridges, sea ports, river ports, railway, national roads). Other constructions (different from point I - 2) Group B Constructions of transportation infrastructure (bridges. sea ports, river ports, railway, national roads). Regardless of capital | level More than 1.500 billion VND More than 1.000 billion VND 75-1,500 billion VND 44 2 I I I 1 2 Other constructions (different from point 11-1) Group C Constructions of transportation infrastructure (bridges, sea ports, river ports, railway, national roads). Cac dij* an dau tu xay dirng cong trinh giao thong (khac a diem III - 1) 50-1,000 billion VND Less than 75 billion VND Less than 50 billion VND COMPETENCE RANKS Article 43 - Decree 12/2009/ND-CP. The required competence of the consulting director of project management 1. The competence has two ranks in line with types of project. He must be hold a university-degree in the field of the project, have technical certificate of project management, and meet the following corrresponding conditions: a) Rank 1: Having worked continuously in design and execution of construction for a minimum of seven years, having worked as director or vice director of a project of Type A or two projects of Type B, or having worked as chief commander of constructions rank 1 or chief designer of constructions rank I; b) Rank 2 : Having worked continuously in design and execution of construction for a minimum of five years, having worked as director or v ice director of a project of Type B or two projects of Type C, or having worked as chief commander of constructions rank 2 or chief designer of constructions rank 2; 45 c) In innermost or remote areas, a director who holds a middle-ranking or junior-college degree in construction of the same field, having established or executed cosniructions for a minimum of five years, can hold the title of Director of project rank 2. 2. I f the investor establishes the Project Maangement Unit, the PMU Director must hold a university degree in a proper field, a project management certificate, and a technical experience of at least three years. For a project of Group C in remote and innermost areas, the PMU Director must hold a middle-ranking or junior-college degree in a proper field and a technical experience of at least three years. The investor can appoint one of his men or hire someone who can meet those conditions as PMU Director. 3. Scope of work: a) Rank I: management of important national projects, projects of Groups A, B, C: b) Rank 2: management of projects of Groups B, C; c) Unranked individuals may manage onlv econo-technical reports of a construction: one who has managed five such reports may manage a project of Group C of the same t\pe. Art icle 44 - Decree 12/2009/ND-CP. Conditions of competence of consulting organisations for project management 1. Ilie organisational competence is div idcxi as follows: a) Rank 1: - Having a PMU Director Rank 1 suitable for the project; - Having at least 30 architects, engineers, econmic engineers suitable with the requirements of the project, including at lea^t three economic engineers; - Having managed at least 1 project of (;roup A or 2 of Group B of the same t> JK. 46 b) Rank 2: - Having a PMU Director Rank I or 2 suitable for the project;; - Having at least 20 architects, engineers, econmic engineers suitable with the requirements of the project, including at least two economic engineers: - Having managed at least I project of Group B or 2 of Group C of the same type. 2. Scope of work: a) Rank I: management of important national projects, projects of Groups A, B, C; b) Rank 2: management of projects of Groups B, C; c) Unranked organisations may manage econo-lechnical reports of a construction. 3. Unranked organisations that have managed five econo-technical reports may manage a project of (iroup C. 47 UPPSALA UNIVERSITET DAI HOC UPPSALA, THUY DIEN T R U ^ 6 N G DAI HOC KINH Tt , DHQGHN ^ ^U^J. t > * ^ ^ i LUAN VAN THAC SY TANG CU6>NG PHAN CAP QUAN LY N H A M P H A T T R I E N CO SO HA TANG GIAO THONG TAI TINH THUA THIEN HUE Tdc gid. Gidng vien: Lop: Vu Cao Dam Le Anh Tuan Nguyen Ngoc Duong Dr. Nguven Khac Hung Dr. Sv en Jungerhem MPPM Intake 2," U-Group Ho i\oi\ thdns 9 nam 201± Nhom 11: Vu Cao Dam - Le Anh Tu4n - Nguyen Ngoc Duong De tai luan van thac si: Tang cuong phan cap quan ly nhkm phat trien ca so ha ting giao thong duong bo a Thua Thien Hue. Giao vien hu-ong dan: TS. Nguyen Kh4c Hiing; Giao su Sven Jungerhem. Ngay hoan thanh luan van: 01/9/20n. 1/Aim/ Muc dich: H? thong giao thong duong bg co vai tro h^t sijc quan trpng d6i voi bat ky quoc gia nao, no dugc vi nhu huyet manh trong ca the ciia moi chiing ta. Viec dku tu xay dung chiing can mot lugng tien rat Icm, ma a Viet Nam chu yeu tiSn tu ngan sach. trong do ngan sach Trung uomg (bao gom ngan sach Nha nuac. Trai phieu Chinh phu va ngu6n von vay ciia Chinh phij thong qua cac hiep dinh vay v6n ky ket vai cac quoc gia khac hoac cac dinh che tai chinh quoc te) Ian han ngan sach dia phuang. Trong nhung nam qua nhieu du an da ducTc dau tu tu nguon ngan sach Trung ucmg. mot so du an khong phan cap quan ly. mot so du an dang thuc hien lai phan cap quan ly, va nhung du an khac lai duac phan cap ngay tu ban dau. Tinh hinh nay da dien ra tren toan quoc, trong do c6 nhijng du an da dugc trien khai tren dia ban tinh Thua Thien Hue. Mat du viec phan cap quan da tra thanh xu the doi vai cac nuac trong khu vuc va tren the giai da cho thay nhung hieu qua nhat dinh. Ngay a Viet Nam, Chinh Phu cung da day manh phan cap trong moi mat ke tu nam 1986 den nay, va ITnh vue quan ly von ngan sach Trung U(Tng dau tu xay dung giao thong ducmg bo (goi tac la phan cap cau ducmg) cung nSm trong tien trinh do. Tuy nhien, den nay van chua c6 mot quy dinh cu the nao mang tinh phap ly cho viec phan cap trong ITnh v uc nay. Day chinh la diem ma trong quan ly. khong nhung lam giam hieu qua quan ly ciia chinh phii ma con ca hoi nay sinh cac van de lieu cue nhu Igi ich nhom. tham nhung...Dit}u nay lam han che den su phat trien ca so ha tang giao thong duong bo ciia Viet Nam noi chung, cua Thua Thien Hue noi rieng. Muc dich cu th^ mang tinh cdp cap thi^t cua Luan van la lam the nao de gop phan v ao viec tang cuong phan cdp quan ly nhim phat trien ca sa ha tang giao thong duong bo tai tinh Ihira Thien - Hud. Nhiem vu va cau hoi nghien ciru cua luan van la tim ra mot "phuong thirc" d<} phan cap nhiem vu chu dau tu de quan ly v6n dau tu cho xay dung cau duong a Thira Thien Hue c6 hieu qua han. D6ng thai qua do viec giao chu dau tu dugc minh bach, gop phan han che tieu cue da noi tren. 2/ Method/ Phu^ong phap: Tir kCt qua nghiCMi ciru nhimg ly thuyCt lien quan. cac vSn ban quy pham phap luat hien hanh, cac tham luan hoi thao qudc \^ kcM hcrp vai viec phong vdn. Idy y kiCm. quan diem cua cac hen lien quan va khao sat cac du an da thuc hien, tien hanh moja d6i tucmg nghien ctru xh critical analyse de dua ra ket luan, giai phap. ZI Theory (Ly thuyet) Nhom tac gia da tim ki^m dugc mot s6 khai niem. quan di6m xh phan cSp tren thd giai. Ngoai ra, da nghien cihi din viec d6i moi, phan cSp cua mot s6 nuac phat tridn co mot s6 dac diam kha g4n vai Viet Nam xh dien tich, each thiic phan chia c^p chinh q u y k nhu Han Qu6c, Nhat Ban, Thai Lan va ca Thuy Didn-mot dAt nuac co nhilu uu dilm n6i troi, dl nghien cixu, hoc hoi. Nhung noi dung lien quan do da dugc giai thieu qua cac bu6i hoi thao qu6c ik. hoac bao cao tong ket cua ca quan co thSm quydn nuac so tai. Phuang phap nay cho phep co cai nhin t6ng quan xh dk tai nghien ciru, tim ra xu thi van dong, nhCrng dong gop cung nhu mot s6 t6n tai nham cung c6 nilm tin xc su thanh cong khi thuc hien, dong thai tranh dugc nhimg dilm ydu cua no. 2.2 Interview Phong van cac lanh lao co lien quan nhu dai dien phia Trung ucmg la Bo giao thong van tai, dai dien phia dia phuang la Sa giao thong van tai, Huyen va dai dien dan v i trung gian la cac Nha thau. Qua phong van nhieu van de lien quan dugc hoi true tiep, nhieu van de thuc lien cung nhu nhijng nhan thirc, quan diem dugc neu ro ma cac kenh thong tin khac khong the co dugc. 2.3 Khao sat I so du an da duoc phan cap tai TT-IIue Khao sat mot so du an sir dung nguon von ngan sach Trung uong da triln khai tai tinh Thira Thien Hue, xem xet tinh hinh thuc hien, phan tich, so sach d6i chi6u vai nhung quv dinh cung nhu nhung quan diem tir cac ben lien quan de riit ra nhCrng kien nghi. di xudt nghien cihi. Phuang phap nay cho phep nhin nhan sir viec mot each cu the. thuc te va khach quan nhat. 2.4 Legal document ( I an ban quy phgni phap luat ciia 7^V )^ Tim hieu nhirng noi dung xoay quanh cau hoi nghien euu dugc the hien qua cac van ban phap ly cua Viet Nam nhu the nao nhu cac luat, cac nghi dinh hucVng dan luat cua Chinh phu va eac van ban lien quan khac. Qua do tim kiem. phan tich va de xuat mot "phuang thuc" de phan cap nhiem vu chii dau tir de quan ly v on dau tu cho xay dung cau ducmg co hieu qua. Phmmg phap nay cho phep tim ra khoang trong phap ly ve van de dang nghien ciru. tir do dc' xuat bo sung, lam ca sa ban hanh van ban phap luat de ket qua nghien cim di vao thuc te CO hieu qua. 3/ Result & Conclusions/ Ket qua \ a ket luan: Mdu chot cua vdn d l da dugc ma ra, do la can thilt phai co "Bo tieu chi" lam ca sa cho vi^ c^ phan cdp cAu ducmg dugc ro rang, mach lac, khcmg lung tung, khong dua vao cam tinh ciia ngucVi ra quyet djnh, dac biet la khong Igi dung d l dan din tham nhung, kn ich nhom...Bo tieu chi gom hai phan: phan cho cong trinh cdu. ph4n cho cong trinh duong, sau day la trich dan mot phan Bo tieu chi: BANG TIEU CHI PHAN CAP CHU DAU Jlf XAY DITNG CONG TRINH GIAO THONG DUONG BO CONG TRINH DU^ONG TEN TIEU CHI NOI DUNG TIEU CHI DIEU KIEN PHAN CAP GHI CHU Tinh chat cong trinh Cac du an thuoc ITnh virc bao ve an ninh. quoc phong co tinh chat bao mat quoc gia Khong phan cap Cong trinh khac Khong can dieu kien Duong cao toe vai luu lugng xe > 30.000 Xe quy doi/ ngay dem hoac toe dg >100km/h Khong phan cap Cap cong trinh Duong cao toe vcVi luu lucjng xetir 10.000-30.000 Xe quy doi/ngay dem hoac toe do >80km/h Co kinh nghiem da tham gia quan ly cac du an ccS cap ec^ ng trinli tucmg t^ Luu lugng xe ducVi 10.000 Xe quy doi/ ngay dem va toe dp <80km/h Khong can dieu kien Nhom cong trinh Cac du an quan trgng quoc gia theo Nghi quyet ciia Quc^ c hc)i va cac du an quan trc,ing khac Khong phan cap Tong mire dau tu > 1.000 ty dong Co kinh nghiem da tham gia quan ly cac du an co tong mire dau tu tuong tir Tong mire dau tu < 1.000 ty dc^ nti Khong can dieu kien Nang lye Chu dau tu Dir an phai co nanu luc hang 1 Chii dau tu Du an phai co nan^ lire hang 2 Pham vi cong trinh Nam tren dia gxa'i >1 dia phuctng N5m tren dia gicVi I dja phucrng Co dii nan^ lire nhu veu cau Cap dac biet Cap 1 Tir cap 2 tra xuong Nhom A Nhom A Khonu can dieu kien Sir tucmg dong ve nang lire giira cac dja phucTug Nhom B.C Khc^ ng can dieu kien 4/ Suggestions for future research/ De xuat cho nghien cihi tu^ong lai: Tuy nhien, tren day chi la nghien cixu bucVc ddu, de hoan thien dl tai nav cin phai tiep tuc nghien cuu, khao sat a pham v i rgng hem tai nhilu dia phucrng khac nhau. Tu kit qua nghien cuu, co thi hoan thien cac tieu chi da d l xuSt va b6 sung mot s6 tieu chi khac nhu: Tieu chi v l viec phan bo ngudn vc^ n ngan sach trung ucmg ddu tu cho cac dia phucrng: Tieu chi danh gia muc do hai IcSng cua nguin dan d6i vcri eac cong trinh do cap Trung ucmg lam chii dau tu va do dia phuang lam chu dku tu; Chia nho cac tieu chi da dl xuk va co thang diem danh gia doi vcri timg tieu chi... 5/ Contribution of the thesis/ Dong gop cua luan van: Viec dl xuat mot "Bo tieu chi" de phan cap cau duong la dilu moi me. Nhung cac "tieu chi" trong bg tieu chi khong con la moi nira. Chung dugc bilt din va dugc sir dung tren toan quoc trong rat nhieu du an xa\ cac loai nguon von khac nhau. Vi vay. nhom tac gia hoan toan tin tuong rang viec dua "Bg tieu chi" nay vao thuc tien phan ckp dku tu xay dung cku duong giura Trung uong va tinh Thira Thien Hue se mang lai hieu qua cao, gop phkn dang kl vao phat trien giao thong duong bg tai tinh Thira Thien Hul. bori vi: 1. Huy dong nang luc tir dja phuong. Hg se chii dong, sang tao va chiu trach nhiem truoc nhirng quyet dinh ciia minh: 2. cat giam nhieu thii tuc va riit ngan nhieu thoi gian do khong phai trinh qua nhieu cap xir ly: 3. Tranh dugc viec phai "chay" lam chii du an khc^ ng phii hcrp vcVi nang lire, kinh nghiem cua minh,... vira lang phi thai gian. that thoat tien bac: 4. Cap Trung ucmg tap trung ca ve mat thoi gian va nhan luc de hoach dinh chinh sach. ke hoach, chien lucre cho su phat trien... khc'ing phai tap trung vao giai quyet nhirng su vu thay vi cac vice dc) cap dia phucrng v an dam nhiem t6t. Ngoai ra, do vice nghien ciru co tinh pho quat cao. tir cac ly thuyet phan cap tren the gicVi, tir kinh nghiem phan cap ciia cac nucVc da riit ra xu the tat veu va hieu qua cua phan cap. Xu thi nay no khong chi phii hgp vl cac van de vT mo ma con phii hcrp trong ITnh vuc hep ve phan cap dau tu xay dung cku duong nhu da dugc nghien ciai. Dong thoi, trong he thcmg chinh tri a Viet Nam, cac dja phuang diu ecS vai Xro nhu nhau. nen viec chgn Tinh Thira Thien Hul hay bdt ky mot dja phuong nao khac deu mang tinh ngau nhien va dai dien. Hon nira. Tinh Thira Thien Hul la dia phucrng co nhirng dac diem dai dien chung so xcn cac tinh con lai trong khu vuc va trong ca nucVc nen dugc chgn de nghien ciru cu the nham lam phong phii them kenh thong tin va phucrng phap nghien cim. Do do, Bg tieu chi dugc phan tich. long hgp va dl xuat ecS thi ap dung phii hcrp cho nhilu dia phuong khac nhau tren toan quoc. Tat nhien. can khao sat, thu thap thcMn thcmg tin, s6 lieu tai dia phucrng du kien ap dung. Loi cam on De tai luan van xuat hien kha thu vi khi dugc bilt cac giao su Thuy Diln yeu cku chiing toi nen lam viec nhom khi nghien cim luan van tot nghiep. Khi do hai nguoi trong chiing toi lam viec tai chinh quyen dia phuong. mot nguoi lam viec tai Trung uong da thong nhat ciing mot nhom va de tai "phan cap" da phoi thai tir day. Gang tim hieu thi chung toi phat hien day khong nhung la dl tai kha nong bong, thoi su ma con qua rgng va nhay cam. Do gioi han ciia pham vi nghien cim dl tai. chiing toi da quyet dinh chi nghien ciru phan cap trong viec quan ly von dau tu xay dung cau duong bg tir nguon von ciia Trung uong. Day la ITnh vuc ma chiing toi dang cong tac. vi the co nhirng hieu biet nhat dinh va kha thuan Igi trong qua trinh nghien cim. Ngoai ra. trong qua trinh nghien ciru nhom da duc;c su hucrng dan tan tinh cua cac giao su Viet Nam cung nhu cac giao su Thuy Dien. Chiing toi xin chan thanh cam on Tien sT Nguyen Khac Hiing. Chu tich Hoi dcmg Quan tri Ccmg ty co phan Tu van va Phat trien quan ly (MCaD), da ton nhieu thai gian, cong sire de hucrng dan chiing toi. Chiing toi cung v6 cimg cam cm Tien si Sven Jungerhem, Giao sir Dai hgc Uppsala, ngucri da mang lai cho chung tc)i nhieu kien thirc, kinh nghiem va phucrng phap nghien cim mcVi. Va cuoi ciing chiing tcM xin goi lai cam cm din Trung tam CTI H thuc^c Dai hgc kinh t l - Dai hgc qu6c gia Ha Noi da tao dieu kien de chung \d\ ducTC gap gcV cac thdy de ducrc nhan nhung Icri hucrng dan mang tinh hgc thuat rat bo ich cho viec nghien cim luan van nay. Ha Noi. ngay thdng <S nam 2011. Nhom nuhien cim luan van TABLE OF CONTENTS Trang Loi n\& dau 2 CHLTONG 1: Ly luan chung ve phan cap, phan cap quan ly 4 va thyc tien tai mot so quoc gia tren the gioi LI "Phan cap" va ''phan cap quan ly" 5 1.2 Thuc tien phan cap quan ly tai mot so quoc gia 7 L3 Ly luan phan cap quan ly tai Viet Nam 9 CHLTONG 2: Thirc trang phan cap quan ly trong nganh 14 giao thong van tai Viet Nam va tai tinh Thira thien - Hue 2.1 Thuc trang phan cap quan ly trong nganh 14 giao lhc)ng van tai Viet Nam 2.1.1 Van ban quy pham: 14 2.1.2 Thuc tien: 14 2.2 Thuc tien trien khai phan cap quan ly co sir ha tang 16 ducmg be) tai tinh Thira Thien - Hue. 2.2.1 Tinh hinh chung vl giao thong ducmg bg tai Thira Thien - Hue 16 2.2.2 Thuc tien phan cap quan ly giao thc^ ng ducmg bg 16 tai Thira Thien - Hue a. Thong tin thu dugc tir phcmg van '^ b. Phan tich tir mot s6 du an da dugc phan cap 1*^ C H U O N G 3: Ket luan va de xuat Bo tieu chi 3.1 De xuat bg tieu chi 3.1.1 Can CLT xay dung Bg tieu chi 3.1.2 Nc)i dung be) tieu chi 3.2 Kit luan va Phucrng hucrng tiep tuc nghicMi ciru Tai lieu tham khao Phu luc 25 26 26 30 j j 35 37 PHAN MO DAU 1. Tinh cap thiet ciia de tai He thong giao thong duong bo ciia m6i qu6c gia la mot ihl thdna nh^t. D^ sir duna CO hieu qua ckn co sir ding bg vl kl hoach phat triln, tuong thich vl tieu chuin khai thac nham dam bao giao thong thong suit. He thing giao thong duong bg co vai tro quan trgng trong phat trien kinh tl xa hoi nhung do suSt dku tu Icrn. thoi gian thu hli v6n rdt lau nen kho thu hiit dugc v6n tir khu vuc tu nhan. xkn phai stjr dung chtj ylu tir nguin ngan sach cua Nha nuac. Trong dau tu cho giao thcmg duong bg. ngan sach ciia chinh quyin Trung uong chiem ty trgng Icrn hon so vai ngan sach ciia cac dia phucrng. TrucVc day. nhCmg du an dau tu tir ngan sach Trung ucmg la hoan toan do Bg Giao thong van tai lam chii dau tu. Trong thai gian qua, cc) nhieu du an dau tu bang nguc^ n ngan sach cua Trung ucmg (Bg GTVT) da dugc giao cho cac dia phucrng (ScV G TV 1) lam chu diu tu. Co nhimg du an da CO quyet djnh dau tu, trong qua trinh thuc hien lai chuyin chu dau tu tir Bg GTVT sang cac So GTVT. Nhu vay, tai sao lai phan cap cho dia phucrng. ngay ca nhung du an dang triln khai thuc hien? lieu rang khi phan cap. dia phucrng lam chu dau tu cc) hieu qua hem hay khong? Tir nam 2000 trcV lai day. Chinh phii Viet Nam dav manh cai each hanh chinh. trong do khuyen khich tang cuong phan cap quan ly giira trung ucmg va dia phuong. Hien nay da CO mc)t so tieu chf phan cap quan ly ve thue, ngan sach ... nhung chua co quy dinh cu the ve phan cap quan ly dau tu du an xay dung co so ha tang giao thong ducmg bg. Van de dat ra la nhung du an cc) quy mc), tinh chat, pham vi nliu the nao thi giao cho chinh quven dja phucrng lam ehii dau tu se ecS hieu qua hem? 2. Muc dich va cau h(M nghien ciru Mye dich cu thi mang tinh cap cap thiet ciia Luan van la lam the nao de gop phan vao viec tang circmg phan c.lp quan ly nham phat trien co scr ha tang giao thcSng duong bg tai tinh Thira ThiCMi - Hul. Nhiem vu va cau hoi nghien ciai cua luan van la tim ra mot "phucrng thirc" dl phan ckp nhiem v u chu dau tu de quan ly von dau tu cho xay dung cau dirimg CO hieu qua. DcMig thcri qua do viec giao chii dau tu dirac minh bach, tranh Icri ich nhom, gc)p phan han che tieu cue, tham nhung. 3. Pham vi nghien ciru Luan van tap trung nghien cim su tac dong eac quy dinh vl quan ly dku tu. nham dl xuat mot "phuang thirc" ve phan cap quan ly dku tu ha ting giao thong duong bg. Do gioi han ve nguon lire va thoi gian nghien curu nen cac dir lieu, thong tin chi dugc tap trung giai doan tir nam 2000 den nay va chi lay mot dia phuong lam dien hinh de thu thap thong tin (a day la Thira Thien Hul). Trong he thong chinh tri tai Viet Nam, cac dia phuang deu co vai tro nhu nhau trong moi quan he voi trung uong. Thir

Các file đính kèm theo tài liệu này:

  • pdffurther_stepping_up_decentralization_in_order_to_develop_roa.pdf
Tài liệu liên quan