Bài tập tiếng anh 12 - Unit 12: Water Sports

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Water sports are as challenging as they are fun. Although water sports are not as popular as basketball or football, activities such as parasailing, water skiing, water polo, wakeboarding, jet skiing and competitive swimming interest many people. Ail water sports have an element of danger involved, which is why it is important to follow these safety tips before you dive in.

Step 1: Learn how to swim. Sure, it seems obvious, but it is also extremely important. Do not even think about skiing, tubing, wakeboarding or water polo if you cannot stay afloat in water deeper than your height.

Step 2: Check your equipment and your life safety tools. Count your life vests and have floatation devices nearby. If you are engaging in a sport that requires a lot of equipment, such as wakeboarding, go over every piece to ensure proper functioning.

Step 3: Be physically fit. Put your pride aside and get in shape. Most water sports are incredibly strenuous and require the player to have physical

 

doc6 trang | Chia sẻ: maiphuongdc | Ngày: 30/05/2013 | Lượt xem: 550 | Lượt tải: 2download
Tóm tắt tài liệu Bài tập tiếng anh 12 - Unit 12: Water Sports, để xem tài liệu hoàn chỉnh bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên
was soared The ship _______ during the night. a. has remained the harbor b. was remained the harbor c. remained the harbor d. remained in the harbor The baby _______. a. was sleeping depth b. was slept deeply c. slept in depth d. was sleeping deeply They _______ by the sea. a. are staying at a hotel b. are staying a hotel c. are being stayed a hotel d. are being stayed at a hotel Error Identification. Windsurfing, which is a water sport combining elements of surfing and A B sailing first developed in the United States in 1968 and also called boardsailing. C (was first developed) D The windsurfer stands on a board that is propelled and steering by A B (steered) means of a sail attached to a mast that is articulated at the foot. C D Since 1984 the sport has included in the Olympic Games as part of the A B C D yachting events. (has been included) The sport was became very popular in Europe and by the late 70's A B there was windsurfing fever in Europe with one in every three C households having a sailboard. (became) D The first world championship of windsurfing held in 1973. Windsurfing A B C (was help) first became an Olympic sport in 1984 for men and 1992 for women. D Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. There is very little documentation about the origins of water polo. It is known, however, that the sport originated in the rivers and lakes of mid-19th century England as an aquatic version of rugby. Early games used an inflated rubber ball that came from India known as a "pulu" (the single Indian word for all "balls"). Pronounced "polo" by the English, both the game and the ball became known as "water polo." To attract more spectators to swimming exhibitions, the London Swimming Association designed a set of water polo rules for indoor swimming pools in 1870. At first, players scored by planting the ball on the end of the pool with both hands. A favorite trick of the players was to place the five-to-nine inch rubber ball inside their swimming suit and dive under the murky water, they would then appear again as close to the goal as possible. The introduction of the rules by Scottish players changed the nature of water polo. It became a game that emphasized swimming, speed and passing. Scottish rules moved from a rugby variant to a soccer style of play. Goals became a cage of 10x 3 feet and a goal could be scored by being thrown. Players could only be tackled when they "held" the ball and the ball could no longer be taken under water. The small rubber ball was replaced by a leather soccer ball. If the player came up too near the goal, he was promptly jumped on by the goalie, who was permitted to stand on the pool deck. Games were often nothing more than gang fights in the water as players ignored the ball, preferring underwater wrestling matches that usually ended with one man floating to the surface unconscious. Water polo was first played in the USA in 1888. The game featured the old rugby style of play which resembled American football in the water. "American style" water polo became very popular and by the late 1890's was played in such venues as Madison Square Garden and Boston's Mechanics Hall, attracting 14,000 spectators to national championship games. According to the text, _______. a. the origins of water polo are written thoroughly in a lot of documents b. water polo is an aquatic version of rugby c. water polo first appeared somewhere outside England d. people have played water polo since the early 19th century. The present rules of water polo were invented _______. a. by Scottish players b. by Indian players c. the London Swimming Association d. in 1870 In water polo, the players score a goal by _______. a. swimming b. passing c. catching d. throwing The present water polo ball is made of _______. a. rubber b. leather c. bone d. wood Water polo became popular in America in _______. a. the middle of the 19th century b. in 1870 c. in 1888 d. by the late 1890's Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Rowing is a sport in which athletes race' against each other on river, lakes or on the ocean, (41) _____ on the type of race and the discipline. The boats are propelled by the reaction forces on the oar blades (42) _____ they are pushed against the water. The sport can be both recreational, focusing (43) _____ learning the techniques required, and competitive where overall fitness plays a large role. It is also one of (44) _____ oldest Olympic sports. In the United States, Australia and Canada, high school and collegial rowing is sometimes referred to as crew. (45) _____ rowing, the athlete sits in the boat facing backwards, towards the stern, and uses the oars which are held in (46) _____ by the oarlocks to propel the boat forward, towards the bow. It is a demanding sport requiring strong core balance as well as physical (47) _____ and cardiovascular endurance. Since the action of rowing (48) _____ fairly popular throughout the world, there are many different types of (49) _____. These include endurance races, time trials, stake racing, bumps racing, and the side-by-side format used in the Olympic Games. The many different formats are a result of the long (50) _____ of the sport, its development in. different regions of the world, and specific local requirements and restrictions. a. depending b. creating c. interesting d. carrying a. but b. because c. as d. as soon as a. of b. on c. with d. about a. a b. an c. the d. Ø a. Over b. Of c. During d. While a. area b. sight c. part d. place a. strong b. strongly c. strength d. strengthen a. was become b. has become c. is become d. is becoming a. competition b. examination c. test d. round a. work b. history c. period d. race TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. a. water b. football c. begin d. meter a. personal b. penalty c. defensive d. vertical a. award b. prevent c. visit d. except a. goalie b. advanced c. above d. depend a. overtime b. decision c. period d. penalize Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. Water polo is played in _______ pool 1.8 meters deep. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø The goalie tried to catch _______ ball, but he failed. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø The final I _______ was 3-0. a. score b. scoring c. scorer d. scores The referee's _______ is the most important in any sport competition. a. decide b. decisive c. decision d. decider _______ players are not allowed to interfere with the opponent's movements unless the player is holding the ball. a. Defense b. Defensive c. Defender d. Defensively _____ the start of each period, both teams line up on their own goal line. a. In b. For c. From d. At A water polo ball is constructed of waterproof material to allow it to float _______ the water. a. upon b. over c. above d. on There are six field player positions and a goalkeeper ______ each team. a. on b. with c. from d. for _______ is a sport in which two or more people perform complicated and carefully planned movements in water in time to music. a. Rowing b. Windsurfing c. Diving d. Synchronized swimming If the tie is not broken after two overtime _______, a penalty shootout will determine the winner. a. opponents b. waves c. parts d. periods Minor _______ occur when a player impedes or otherwise prevents the free movement of an opponent including swimming on the opponent's shoulders, back or legs. a. penalties b. shots c. fouls d. motions _______ is a game played in a swimming pool in which two teams of swimmers try to score goals with a ball. a. Water polo b. Rowing c. Swimming d. Water skiing Offensive players may be called for a foul by pushing off a defender to provide space for a _______ or shot. a. pass b. crossbar c. box d. goal A penalty shot is _______ when a major foul is committed inside the 5-meter line. a. prevented b. awarded c. committed d. ranged A dry pass, meaning the ball does not _______ the water is thrown a few inches above the head of the catching player. a. catch b. hold c. swim d. touch _______ is a sport in which you move along the surface of the sea or a lake on a long narrow board with a sail on it. a. Water polo b. Diving c. Windsurfing d. Scuba diving Water polo balls _______ with a special texture so it will not slip from the hands of a player. a. cover b. are covered c. are being covered d. covered Alexis _______ next week. a is swimming in the state championship b. is swimming the state championship c. is swum the state championship d. is swum the state championship The news of war _______ and the world. a. was shocked the nation b. was shocked by the nation c. shocked the nation d. shocked by the nation The player _______. a. will reward for his hat-trick b. will be rewarded for his hat-trick c. will reward his hat-trick d. will be rewarded his hat-trick Before the end of the term, I _______ all the required reading. a. was finished by b. had been finished by c. had finished d. had been finished The player was ejected because he committed a foul. a. as b. due to c. despite d. provided John could not continue the match _______ his badly injured leg. a. because b. since c. as d. because of They cancelled the match _______ his badly injured leg. a. due to it rained heavily b. because of the heavy rain c. because of it rained heavily d. because the heavy rain You need proper shoes to go hiking in the mountains, _______ the ground is rough and hard. a. though b. due to c. because of d. because Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. He could escape from hurt because he was wearing protective clothes. a. Thanks to his protective clothes, he could escape from hurt. b. His protective clothes made him hurt. c. Due to his protective clothes, he was hurt. d. His being hurt made his unable to wear protective clothes. We were unable to type the contract because the computer malfunctioned. a. Despite a computer malfunction, we managed to finish typing the contract. b. The computer malfunction helped us complete the contract. c. The fact that the computer malfunction prevented us from typing the contract. d. Thanks to the computer malfunction, we could type the contract. The roads were slippery because it snowed heavily. a. It snowed too heavily to make the roads slippery. b. The heavy snow prevented the roads from-being slippery. c. Thanks to the slip of the roads, it snowed heavily. d. The heavy snow made the roads slippery. The accident happened because she was careless. a. The accident was prevented due to her carelessness. b. Her carelessness was responsible for the accident. c. It was the accident that made her careless. d. The more careless she was, the less accident happened. I did not understand what the lecturer was saying because I had not read his book. a. What the lecturer wrote and said was too difficult for me to understand. b. The lecturer's book which I had not read was difficult to understand. c. I found it very difficult to understand what the lecturer said in his book. d. I would have understood what the lecturer was saying if I had read his book. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Water sports are as challenging as they are fun. Although water sports are not as popular as basketball or football, activities such as parasailing, water skiing, water polo, wakeboarding, jet skiing and competitive swimming interest many people. Ail water sports have an element of danger involved, which is why it is important to follow these safety tips before you dive in. Step 1: Learn how to swim. Sure, it seems obvious, but it is also extremely important. Do not even think about skiing, tubing, wakeboarding or water polo if you cannot stay afloat in water deeper than your height. Step 2: Check your equipment and your life safety tools. Count your life vests and have floatation devices nearby. If you are engaging in a sport that requires a lot of equipment, such as wakeboarding, go over every piece to ensure proper functioning. Step 3: Be physically fit. Put your pride aside and get in shape. Most water sports are incredibly strenuous and require the player to have physical endurance. It can be dangerous to participate in a water sport, such as water skiing or wakeboarding, when your body isn't ready. Step 4: Save the tricks for the professionals. If you are an amateur, do not attempt water sport tricks. It is tempting to push to the next level with sports like skiing and sailing, but train heavily first. Step 5: Recruit a spotter. When you do water sports, always have an extra person on hand to spot for you. This includes indoor sports like' water polo, diving and competitive swimming. Water sports are much more popular than basket ball and football. a. True b. False c. No information Sometimes it is dangerous to playa water sport. a. True b. False c. No information The first thing you have to do is to learn how to swim if you want to take up a water sport. a. True b. False c. No information You need to have a boat right beside all the time if you want to take up a water sport. a. True b. False c. No information There are tricks which amateur players cannot play. a. True b. False c. No information Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Sailing or boating may seem to be very interesting with the high level of technical elements (41) _____ in the sport. Whether you choose a small (42) _____ or a catamaran, whether you choose lake or ocean sailing, there are (43) _____ number of things you need to master before you can start enjoying the pure (44) _____ of being on the water. Getting the sailing skills which you need to start sailing your own boat is easy if you just sign up with a sailing school. You can learn to sail (45) _____ any age. There are no (46) ____. The best schools and instructors will teach you all you need to know about sailing in a friendly and pleasant manner. As with all sports, sailing will get you into (47) _____ with new friends. There is a closeness that develops out at sea, however, (48) _____ not many other sports have. Being on the water in any capacity demands a healthy outlook and way of life. Sailing and boating are two sports that (49) _____ all our senses to be at their peak. Sailing calls upon physical strength, intelligence and intuition. It is one sport that allows you to leave all your daily concerns and (50) _____ back on the land and to be off with only your bare self. a. invented b. consisted c. involved d. contained a. fleet b. submarine c. ferry d. boat a. a b. an c. the d. Ø a. please b. pleasure c. pleasant d. pleasantly a. with b. at c. in d. for a. investment b. disappearance c. discoveries d. restrictions a. allowance b. pace c. contact d. keeping a. which b. that c. when d. whom a. ask b. say c. tell d. demand a. cultures b. habits c. traditions d. customs TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. a. sprint b. line c. divide d. ride a. swimming b. post c. decision d. score a. style b. penalty c. pretty d. typical a. pool b. good c. look d. book a. foul b. house c. amount d. adventurous Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. Where can people play _______ water polo? a. a b. an c. the d. Ø No _______ water polo player except _______ goalie can hold the ball with both hands. a. a / the b. the / Ø c. the / a d. Ø / the The main task of a defender in a sport game is to _______ the opponents from scoring. a. prevent b. preventing c. prevention d. preventable Many young men prefer scuba-diving because it is _______. a. adventure b. adventurous c. adventurously d. adventurist I _______ think that scuba diving is more of danger than adventure. a. person b. personal c. personally d. personalize What kind of sport one chooses to play mostly depends _______ his preference and health. a. with b. for c. in d. on Most referees often wears _______ black. a. in b. for c. with d. on In water polo game, only the goalie can hold the ball _______ two hands. a. at b. in c. with d. from If the score is tied at the end of regulation play, two _______ periods of three minutes each are played. a. half b. halftime c. quarter d. overtime A water polo cap is used to ____ the players' heads and to identify them. a. tie b. penalize c. protect d. move lf a defender _______ with a free throw, holds or sinks an attacker, he is excluded from the game for twenty seconds. a. punches b. passes c. plays d. interferes Water polo is a team water game, with six field players and one goalie in each team. The winner of the game is the team that scores more _____. a. nets b. goals c. plays d. balls As all field players are only allowed to touch the ball with one hand at a time, they must develop the ability to catch and _______ the ball with either hand. a. throw b. point c. score d. cross _______ is the activity of swimming underwater using special breathing equipment. a. Synchronized swimming b. Rowing c. Water polo d. Scuba diving When the offense takes possession of the ball, the strategy is to _______ the ball down the field of play and to score a goal. a. create b. ride c. advance d. eject The referee signals with a whistle and by lowering his arm, and the player taking the penalty _______ must immediately throw the ball with an uninterrupted motion toward the goal. a. arm b. shot c. net d. goal Some of the students began to fall asleep _______ the lecture was boring and irrelevant. a. as b. due to c. because of d. on account of Tommy joined the English Club _______ to increase his circle of friends. a. because his desire b. because of his desire c. because of he desired d. due to he desired.. _______, I do not consider this composition acceptable. a. Because of so many errors b. Because of there were so many errors c. On account of there were so many errors d. As so many errors The prisoner was given a harsh sentence ______ the nature of his crime. a. since b. as c. because d. due to The burglar _______. a. has been disappeared with the cash b. disappeared the cash c. disappeared with the cash d. was disappeared with the cash Ellen _______ and sang her song. a. nodded to the audience b. nodded the audience c. was nodding the audience d. was nodded to the audience Our teacher _______ to take the exam. a. gave another chance each of us b. was given each of us by another chance c. gave each of us another chance d. was given each of us another chance If Charlie _______, he could have been injured. a. had been run the street b. had been run into the street c. had run the street d. had run into the street The turtle _______ of Arizona. a. may be lived a small area b. may be lived in a small area c. may live in a small area d. may live a small area Choose the best that can completes the following. _______, consisting of swimmers performing a synchronized routine of elaborate and dramatic moves in the water, accompanied by music. a. Synchronized swimming is a hybrid of swimming, gymnastics, and dance b. Synchronized swimming which a water sport, a hybrid of swimming, gymnastics, and dance c. Synchronized swimming, a hybrid of swimming, gymnastics, and dance d. Synchronized swimming, it is a hybrid of swimming, gymnastics, and dance. Synchronized swimming demands some water skills, and requires incredible strength, endurance, flexibility, grace, artistry and precise timing, _______. a. while upside down underwater with exceptional breath control b. because of exceptional breath control while upside down underwater c. also exceptional breath control is required while upside down underwater d. as well as exceptional breath control while upside down underwater Developed in the early 1900s in Canada, synchronized swimming is a sport performed almost exclusively by women. _______. a. As for its early form, sometimes it was called "water ballet" b. In its early form, it was sometimes known as "water ballet" c. Since its early form, sometimes it knew as "water ballet" d. With its early form, "water ballet" was sometimes known When performing routines, competitors will typically wear a nose-clip. _______, to reflect the type of music to which they are swimming. a. The competitors who wear custom swimsuits and headpieces, usually elaborately decorated b. They also wear custom swimsuits and headpieces, usually elaborately decorated c. They also wear custom swimsuits and headpieces, which are usually elaborately decorating. d. Usually elaborately decorated, the competitors also wear custom swimsuits and headpieces In synchronized swimming, the costume and music are not judged directly, _______. Underwater speakers ensure that swimmers can hear the music at all times. a. with factors into the overall performance and "artistic impression" b. as a result they are factors into the overall performance and "artistic impression" c. but they are factors into the overall performance and "artistic impression" d. because they are factors into the overall performance as well as "artistic impression" Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Recreational diving or sport diving is a type of diving that uses scuba equipment for the purpose of leisure and enjoyment. In some diving circles, the term "recreational diving" is used in contradistinction to "technical diving", a more demanding aspect of the sport which requires greater levels of training, experience and equipment. Recreational scuba diving grew out of related activities such as snorkeling and underwater hunting. For a long time, recreational underwater excursions were limited by the amount of breath that could be held. However, the invention of the aqualung in 1943 by Jacques-Yves Cousteau and its development over subsequent years led to a revolution in recreational diving. However, for much of the 1950s and early1960s, recreational scuba diving was a sport limited to those who were able to afford or make their own kit, and prepared to undergo intensive training to use it. As the sport became more popular, manufacturers became aware of the potential market, and equipment began to appear that was easy to use, affordable and reliable. Continued advances in' SCUBA technology, such as buoyancy compensators, modern diving regulators, wet or dry suits, and dive computers, increased the safety, comfort and convenience of the gear encouraging more people to train and use it. Until the early 1950s, navies and other organizations performing professional diving were the only providers of diver training, but only for their own personnel and only using their own types of equipment. There were no training courses available to civilians who bought the first scuba equipment. Professional instruction started in 1959 when the non-profit National Association of Underwater Instructors was formed. Further developments in technology have reduced the cost of training and diving. Scuba-diving has become a popular leisure activity, and many diving locations have some form of dive shop presence that can offer air fills, equipment and training. In tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world, there is a large market in holiday divers, who train and dive while on holiday, but rarely dive close to home. Generally, recreational diving depths are limited to a maximum of between 30 and 40 meters (100 and 130 feet), beyond which a variety of safety issues make it unsafe to dive using recreation diving equipment and practices, and specialized training and equipment for technical diving are needed. Recreational diving _______. a. requires more equipment than technical diving , b. are taken up by many people for leisure and entertainment c. needs no equipment d. requires more experience than technical diving Recreational underwater excursions used to be limited _______. a. as underwater hunting was banned b. because the necessary amount of breath was too expensive to afford c. because divers could not take enough amount of breath with them d. because the necessary amount of breath was too heavy to bring According to the second paragraph, in the 1950s and early 1960s, recreational scuba diving was a sport limited because _______. a. divers did not like to take part in any intensive training courses b. there were not any intensive training courses for divers c. th

Các file đính kèm theo tài liệu này:

  • docBài tập tiếng anh 12-unit 12.doc
Tài liệu liên quan