Ho Chi Minh ideology education on ethics for students of the people’s police university today

During his lifetime, President Ho Chi Minh paid special attention to

the cause of educating people. In moral education, he attaches great

importance to the "set an example" method. He used flexibly and creatively

the methods of the ancients: “First educate with your own example of life,

then educate with words” (That is, first of all, you have to educate with your

own living example, then you will educate by word of mouth). Ho Chi

Minh asserted: "A living example is worth more than a hundred propaganda

speeches".

In recent years, the Party has issued regulations on the problem of set

an example that: Regulation 101 - Decision/Central June 7, 2012 of the

Secretariat on the responsibility to set an example of cadres and party

members, especially leading and key officials at all levels; Regulation 55 -

Decision/Central December 19, 2016 of the Politburo on a number of things

to be done immediately to enhance the role of cadres and party members. .

At the 8th Plenum of the 12th course, the Central Executive Committee

discussed and approved the "Regulation on responsibility of exemplary

officials and party members, first of all Politburo Member, Secretary of the

Secretariat, the member of the Central Executive Committee "(Regulation

08).

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resilient in battle. "Need" means diligence, hard work, effort, toughness, planning work, increasing labor productivity, working effectively and getting good results. In the process of working, "Work must be on time, don't be late, leave early. Make it quick, for thoughtfulness. The day should finish that day, don't wait until tomorrow. " "Savings" means not being luxurious, not wasteful, not indiscriminate, saving time, money and effort. "Savings" is doing everything and calculating to spend the effort, strength and time at least but achieve the fastest and most effective results. When practicing thrift, be utterly thorough, save from big to small things, don't disregard small things: "If a small piece of paper is enough to write, don't use a big sheet." "Integrity" is pure, not greedy of money, status, reputation, integrity, purity, respect of the public and the people. The main meaning is not evil, is frank, upright. The right must be "with oneself", "with people" and "with the work". The ethical standards "need, thrift, integrity, right" have close relationships with each other. The existence and reality of one concept is the basis for practicing the other and vice versa, the guarantee of one moral standard is the purpose of the practice of other moral standards. "Need" 9 without "saving" like one. It has always existed in his revolutionary act, the greatest purpose that he has always been aiming for. 2.1.3.2. Building evolutionary moral go hand in hand with against immorality The morality of revolutionaries in addition to practicing good standards must be against the contrary to the interests of the masses. Revolution is the process of closely combining construction and protection. In order to build and fight effectively, it is necessary to promote the role of social public opinion, each content to build new morality and anti-negative needs to create a popular mass movement, praising the good, criticize the bad, really popularize the new moral content among the people. Building evolutionary moral go hand in hand with against immorality, first of all removing the wrong, the bad, the unethical in everyday life. In the struggle against the negative, backward must first "fight against individualism", must detect early, must pay attention to prevention and prevention. Individualism produces hundreds of dangerous diseases, such as bureaucracy, orders, factions, subjectivity, embezzlement, extravagance, luxury, power, egotism, collective disregard, contempt mass, authoritarian autocracy ... Individualism is a danger to individual individuals, to a party and to the nation. 2.1.3.3. Cultivate morality for life A new ethic can only be built on the basis of cultivating one's own morality, Ho Chi Minh stressed: "Revolutionary morality is not in the sky. It is due to the constant struggle and training that develops and strengthens. Just as the more the gem is sharpened, the more gold is refined. ” Ethical cultivation must be associated with practical activities, in the spirit of self-discipline and voluntariness, based on one's conscience and responsibility. Only by doing so can cultivation result in any environment, every relationship, every area, every situation. The basic content of cultivation and training is: Must respect the collective interests, the collective interests are the highest purpose for the purpose of every revolutionary person. 2.2. Educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on morality for students of People's Police University 2.2.1. The subject of Ho Chi Minh ideology education on ethics for students of the People's Police University Educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on ethics for students of the People's Police University is defined as the responsibility of all organizations and individuals at the People's Police University are placed under the direct and comprehensive leadership of party committees and school administrators. The force that directly conducts Ho Chi Minh ideology education on morality for students of the People's Police University is the contingent of 10 cadres, lecturers, reporters, related officials of Department of Party Affairs, Political and Public Affairs, cadres of cadre management department, and officers of education management departments of People's Police University. 2.2.2. Content of Ho Chi Minh ideology education about ethics for students of People's Police University 2.2.2.1. Educate revolutionary ideals, belief in Party leadership Ideally revolutionary education, this is a very important content in ethical education for students of the People's Police University. First of all, being a People's Public Security soldier, must be absolutely loyal to the Party with the Party's renovation policy in the new revolutionary period. Faithful to the Party's goal of striving to build a Socialist Vietnam. Maintaining the stance of the working class, taking Marxism - Leninism, Ho Chi Minh ideology as the foundation, a guideline for all actions. The revolutionary ideal is to strive for the country to be completely independent and for the Socialism to be formed and perfected. Enlightenment of revolutionary ideals is to educate students about the ideal of living and belief in the revolutionary career led by the Party. 2.2.2.2 Education of revolutionary morality Firstly, quality education "Loyal to the country, filial to the people" Secondly, education needs, frugality, integrity, righteousness and impartiality Thirdly, educate students to love people, to live with gratitude Fourthly, international spiritual education is clear 2.2.2.3. Educating ethics of the People's Public Security for students Firstly, for oneself, must be, frugality, integrity Secondly, for colleagues, they must cordially help Thirdly, for the government, to be absolutely loyal Fourthly, respect to the people, respect and politeness Fifthly, for work, be devoted Sixthly, to the enemy, be determined, clever 2.2.3. Method of educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on ethics for students of People's Police University 2.2.3.1. Combining learning with practice, setting an example of good people and good deeds In the school, educational activities are very diverse and diverse. Students go together with practice as a basic method of educating in Ho Chi Minh ideology about morality. According to Ho Chi Minh, learning must always be organic, inseparable from practice and learned to apply in a variety and rich practice. He said: “Studying with practice must go hand in hand. Studying without practice is futile. Practicing without studying will not work smoothly”. For students, the practice of "Practice" in all their 11 activities such as: learning, living, working, family, school and social relationships. 2.2.3.2. Combining new moral building and combating unethical manifestations For students, "building" means building, studying, cultivating and training good moral qualities, building a good collective, building a spirit of loving the Fatherland, loving the people, and building awareness organization, discipline ... "Anti" is against the manifestations of immoral morality such as: lazy, false, wasteful, arrogant, disorganized, undisciplined, lost solidarity, just worried about personal interests affecting collective interests, manifestations of violations of classroom rules, school rules, and law violations. Ho Chi Minh points out the young students: “It is necessary to fight the psychology of self-interest, self-interest and private activities. Against psychological desire and avoid hardship. Against contempt for labor, especially manual labor. Anti-lazy, luxury. Anti- sentimental way of life. Anti-arrogant, false, boastful”. 2.2.3.3. Through emulation movements organized by the Youth Union and the Student Union Ho Chi Minh said that educating students must know based on organization and collectives. The person who advocates bringing young people and students to Union organizations, through educational institutions. He highly appreciated the role of the Youth Union in enlightening, organizing, educating and training the young generation. He once said: "The labor unions must be an effective arm of the Party in organizing and educating the generation of young people and children into absolute loyal soldiers... 2.2.3.4. Students educate themselves, train themselves, cultivate morality Ho Chi Minh attaches great importance to combining the educational process with self-education, self-cultivation and self-training. He often reminds young people and students to cultivate and train themselves to become people who are both ethical, revolutionary ideals, and have educational, professional and health qualifications to be able to undertake and complete all assigned tasks. For each student, cultivating ethics must be carried out in all their practical activities: in daily life, study, labor, in emulation; in relationships from narrow to wide, from small to large, from brothers, friends, comrades; from the family, the school, the society, the Fatherland, the collective, the Party, the State, the people and the world. 2.2.4. The role of Ho Chi Minh ideology education on morality for students of the People's Police University 12 Firstly, Ho Chi Minh ideology t education on ethics makes an important contribution to the formation and development of revolutionary moral consciousness for students of the People's Police University. Secondly, educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on ethics actively contributes to building good ethical standards for students of the People's Police University. Thirdly, educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on morality contributes to motivating and stimulating good moral acts of the People's Police University students. Chapter 3 HO CHI MINH IDEOLOGY EDUCATION ON ETHICS FOR STUDENTS OF THE PEOPLE’S POLICE UNIVERSITY TODAY - CURRENT SITUATION AND PROBLEMS 3.1. Situation and characteristics related to Ho Chi Minh ideology education on morality for students of People's Police University 3.1.1. Overview of People's Police University The People's Police University, formerly known as the Corporal People's Police Officer II, was established on April 24, 1976 under Decision No. 13/Decision -Ministry of Home Affairs of the Minister of Home Affairs (now the Ministry of Public Security). Through many renaming and upgrading, on July 28, 2003, The Prime Minister issued Decision No. 152/2003/ Decision - The Prime Minister established the People's Police University on the basis of the People's Police Academy Campus. After more than 40 years of construction and development, the People's Police University has constantly grown in both quantity and quality, becoming one of the prestigious higher education institutions in the field of ensuring social order and safety in the South of the Fartherland. The People's Police University is part of the national education system, in compliance with the statutes, regulations on education and training management by the Ministry of Education and Training. However, due to the characteristic of the police force is the armed forces so the People's Police University has specific characteristics compared to other schools in the national education system such as: Firstly, for the People's Police University, building discipline and discipline is a mandatory educational requirement for the school. Secondly, the work of educating students in the People's Police University is actually both the management of the People's Police Officers and the management and education of students in the learning, practicing process at school. 3.1.2. Situation and student characteristics of People's Police University 3.1.2.1. Situation of students of People's Police University About structure: 13 The number of male students is always higher than the number of female students (The proportion of male students accounting for: 90-95%, female: 5-10%), this is a typical point of students of People's Police University. Specifically: D24S course with 80 female / 814 students accounting for 9.28%; D25S course has 93 female / 862 students accounting for 10.78%; D26S course has 64 women / 695 students accounting for 9.20%. About age: The age of students in D22S to D26S courses ranges from 18-26 for high school students; about 20 - 29 for non-commissioned students, officers, and ethnic minority students. Students at the People's Police University have a young age trait, so they are very energetic, ardent, curious and creative, like to assert his personality and decisions. However, due to training in the environment of the armed forces, the majority of students have a sense of respect for themselves, live responsibly with self, through taking care of studies, training and improving health to strive to become a qualified People's Public Security soldier, intellect, ability, health ready to accept and complete all assigned tasks. 3.1.2.2. Student characteristics of People's Police University Firstly, the requirements for input admission, especially the moral qualities, the basic provisions for building morality and status of the People's Public Security Secondly, staffing, organization and conditions of accommodation, and living activities of students Thirdly, the requirements for academic discipline and training Fourthly, the provisions on practical lessons in the joint training program impact the ethical practices of students. From the above characteristics and situation, the People's Police University students in the learning, training process and activities were organized scientifically and reasonably facilities are guaranteed, created favorable conditions for study, are organized in training and living activities. This is an important foundation for enhancing the capacity and cultivating, training the revolutionary ethical qualities of students. 3.2. The reality of Ho Chi Minh ideology education about ethics for students of People's Police University 3.2.1. Education Ho Chi Minh ideology on morality for students through the role of educational subjects at the People's Police University 3.2.1.1. About the number of educational subjects The Party Committee and the Board of Directors of the People's Police University always appreciate and regularly direct the construction, development and enhanciment of the quality of officials and lecturers. Therefore, the contingent of cadres and lecturers is increasingly developing 14 both in quantity, quality and basically meeting Ho Chi Minh ideology education requirements on ethics for students today. 3.2.1.2. About quality The staff and lecturers team of the People's Police University not only increased in number but also in terms of qualifications. Regarding education level, the academic year 2011 - 2012: Senior is 3.84%, master is 21.99%, university is 56.99%, colleges is 2.98% and intermediate is 14.21 %. By the school year 2016 - 2017: PhD is 8.34%, masters are 40.54%, university is 38.03%, colleges is 2.75% and intermediate is 10.34%. Regarding the level of Political Theory, the academic year 2011 - 2012: Senior is 13.01%, Intermediate is 55.67%, Primary is 31.31%. By the school year 2016 - 2017: Senior is 12.88%, Intermediate is 69.94%, Elementary is 17.18%. Regarding the professional qualification of the Police, the pedagogical qualifications, the educational management qualifications: Constantly increasing, especially 100% of officials and lecturers are fostered pedagogical and police professional skills. Regarding political, ethical and lifestyle qualities: According to the report of the People's Police University, the vast majority of officials and lecturers are always firmly in politics and ideology; absolute loyalty to the Party, Fatherland and people; regularly cultivating and practicing revolutionary virtues; maintain rule and discipline; always uphold the sense of responsibility, dedication to the job, and well fulfilling the assigned political tasks. Regarding the sense of responsibility: From the practice of Ho Chi Minh ideology education on ethics for students in the People's Police University recently, most officials and lecturers are increasingly aware of the role of Ho Chi Minh ideology education on morality for students more and more fully. 3.2.1.3. Regarding organizational structure, assigning tasks in the subject of education of Party Committee – Board of Directions The Party Committee and Board of Directors of People's Police University have performed well in leadership, orientation, direction, organization, guidance, urging and inspect all units, unions and all of the University's staff and lecturers for ethical education for students who have taken the leadership, orient and direct the organization of Ho Chi Minh ideology education about morality for students according to the Resolution of the Party Congress Congress for the 2010-2015 term, tenure 2015 - 2020; Resolution on implementing tasks of the school year, working programs in the school year ... 15 Faculty lecturer team in The Department of Political Theory & Social Sciences Humanities Faculty lecturer team in The Department of Political Theory & Social Sciences Humanities has promoted the role of a key subject in education Ho Chi Minh ideology about morality for students; worked closely with other subjects in the University to organize the implementation of revolutionary ethical education for students. Rapporteur team The School's Rapporteur team has really become a basic force, an important leading tool, making an important contribution to the oral propaganda, disseminating the documents of the Party Congress, resolutions of the Party Central Committee - Session XI, Session XII; Resolution No. 05-Resolution/ Party Committee of Public Security, December 22, 2016 of the Central Police Party Committee ... Staff of Party work,Political work & Mass work Party General Staff, The Board of Directors formulated and issued documents related to Ho Chi Minh ideology education about ethics for students; unified management and organization of Ho Chi Minh ideology education about ethics for students. Revolutionary ethics education program and plan for students of Party work, Political work & Mass work be increasingly concerned, regular activities increase both in quality of content, duration, frequency, with many forms of revolutionary ethical education for students. Staff team of Member Management Department Staff of Member Management Department as a person who directly manages and monitors students during the course of study and training at the University, has regularly implemented the contents of Ho Chi Minh ideology education about morality for students with many other diverse and copious measures such as: Through the political activities at the beginning of the course, through the flag saluting ceremonies of the first week to comment, remind and encourage students to abide by the People's Public Security Ordinance, the school's regulations ...Thereby, propose rewarding students with spirit and academic results goodly; criticize and review students with spirit and academic results poorly. Youth Union of People's Police University The mission of education Ho Chi Minh ideology on morality for students of the College Delegation has been conducted regularly, content rich with new forms and ways, especially during the Anniversary of Party Holidays, Government, People's Public Security Forces and Traditional Days of School. The educational content focused on learning and doing the Six Things Uncle Ho taught the People's Police, associated with the study and learn of Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh ideology. 16 However, educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on morality for students through the role of educational subjects at the People's Police University still has certain limitations: Firstly, the qualifications of the contingent of cadres and lecturers are still low compared to the specific objectives in the Component Scheme No. 5 under the Scheme "Overall planning, capacity and training quality of training and retraining institutions in the People's Police until 2020". Secondly, there is still a part of officials and lecturers who are not active and actively learning, to cultivate under the six things President Ho Chi Minh taught the People's Police force; awareness of discipline is not high. Thirdly, a part of officials, lecturers even some committees, leaders, commanders of the units are not fully aware of the position, role in the Ho Chi Minh ideology education of ethics for students. Fourthly, some lecturers in The Department of Political Theory & Social Sciences Humanities are still confused when applying the content of Ho Chi Minh ideology education about ethics into the classroom lecture. Fifthly, the oral propaganda activities of some rapporteurs were just stopped at propagating the Party's lines and policies and the laws of the State; not much information about current events, anti-sabotage plots, solutions to struggling with false allegations of hostile and reactionary forces; accomplishments, achievements, good examples, good deeds to guide students' ideology. Sixthly, a number of specialized officials in Ho Chi Minh ideology education about ethics for students are still limited in applying knowledge general capacity to advise, manage and organize the implementation of the work. Seventhly, some student managers are not really proficient in combining and integrating the contents of Ho Chi Minh ideology education about ethics into the student management process. Eighthly, the work of educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on morality for students of Youth Union has not really been paid adequate attention, the content and form of education is not attractive. 3.2.2. Education Ho Chi Minh ideology on ethics for students through the curriculum of Marxist - Leninist science and Ho Chi Minh ideology Educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on ethics for students of the People's Police University has been identified as a very important and necessary task. This task is carried out primarily through the implementation of the content of Marxist - Leninist science subjects, programs, in which Ho Chi Minh ideology plays a key role. 17 In fact, the content of Marxist-Leninist science subjects and Ho Chi Minh ideology have been constantly improved in the direction of being more concise, more modern, more practical and closely following reality; gradually overcome the overlap among subjects and levels; create the ability to refine knowledge, reduce the learning time of students. In the lectures, lecturers of The Department of Political Theory & Social Sciences Humanities have made great efforts in associating political theory with the reality of social life, especially the practice of Public Security. However, educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on morality through teaching Marxist - Leninist science subjects and Ho Chi Minh ideology at the People's Police University still has certain limitations: Firstly, the teaching of the Fundamental principles of Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh ideology faced many difficulties. Secondly, Ho Chi Minh ideology subject is an important subject that contribute to determining the success of educating Ho Chi Minh ideology about ethics for students, so the content and curriculum of this subject are not really fit. Thirdly, the method of teaching Marxist - Leninist science and Ho Chi Minh ideology of lecturers of the People's Police University is mainly the presentation method. Fourthly, the teaching of Marxist - Leninist and Ho Chi Minh ideology subjects under the main curriculum of a number of lecturers in The Department of Political Theory & Social Sciences Humanities has not enhanced the positiveness and activeness of students; still heavy in theory, lacking evidence in real life or relating to the practice of police work. 3.2.3. Educating Ho Chi Minh ideology on ethics through a program of fostering political theory, emulation movements, practical activities, internships and cultural, artistic and sports activities The Party Committee of the People's Police University has organized classes to foster political theory for subjects admitted to the party with a program of 5 political theory articles, with a duration of 5-10 days; political reasoning classes for new party memb

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